New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SPAA 270 exam 2 study guide

by: Molly O'Keefe

SPAA 270 exam 2 study guide SPAA 270

Molly O'Keefe

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is a study guide for exam 2. In yellow are the questions and in gray are the answers.
SPAA 270
Professor Couch
Study Guide
speech pathology
50 ?




Popular in SPAA 270

Popular in Linguistics and Speech Pathology

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Molly O'Keefe on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPAA 270 at Ball State University taught by Professor Couch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 116 views. For similar materials see SPAA 270 in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Ball State University.


Reviews for SPAA 270 exam 2 study guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/29/16
nativists argued children are predisposed to talk. believe enviornment does play some rolenature behaviorists argued language is learned or nurtured do behaviorists and nativists discount each other? no, neither side completely discounts the other plasticity ability of the brain to change constantly as individuals learn. self- organizing network. *the ability to store, learn and retrieve words is critical to normal lang development noam chomsky nativist, lang is biologically based, only humans are capable of acquiring lang what do nativists argue about teachers they don't provide lang models that are designed to teach progressive understanding of lang language acquisition device underlies the nativists understanding of lang dev, driven by knowledge common to all lang, has ben widely debated transformation generative grammar devised by Chomsky to account for the production of unlimited grammatically acceptable sentences chomsky says what about knowing about language you know about language even if you don't know what you know nativists believe that if lang was purely learned.... you would have a more conscious understanding of what you are doing when you create sentences behaviorist theory focuses on observable behaviors and lang patters, argue it is something humans do NOT something they have. lang is learned by imitation, reinforcement and successive approximations toward adult lang behaviorLEARNED FROM THE IMPORTANT PEOPLE IN THE CHILDS LIFE behaviorists say what is the most critical factor in lang development? the environment Skinner behaviorist, viewed all behavior as learned according to OPERANT CONDITIONING operant conditioning speech is a learned behavior chaining behaviors occur in sequences skinners 5 conditioned verbal behaviors echoic, tact, mand, intraverbal, autoclitic echoic imitate model when objects/ideas are present tact verbal behavior that associates the name with an object, action, event mand verbal behavior used to request intraverbal social talk autoclitic linking words into sentences based on observation & exposure classical conditioning when an originally learned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response. the dog has learned to salivate upon hearing a bell interactionist influence biology + participation work together for lang growth the more talking that occurs during infancy through 3 years..... the more likely the child will do well in school semantic view development of thought (cognition) & the ability to use lang in the construction of meaning cognitive view lang emerges as a product of cognitive organization and development. birth to 2 yr. logical structure what age is critical for lang dev birth to 2 social interactionist view both biological & environmental factors are important in the acquisition process what we prob most agree with social interactionist view includes which person vygotsky, zone of proximal development zone of proximal development (ZPD) the opportunities that we have to provide the help children need to make steady progress in the dev gardner's 8 multiple intelligences linguistics, mathematical, musical, spatial-visual, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic linguistics sensitive to the meaning of words, learn lang, use lang to accomplish goals mathematical to think using #s, analyze problems musical understand and appreciate music, compose/perform with skill spatial-visual to think in pictures and recreate the world in the mind bodily-kinesthetic use the body as self expression interpersonal perceive and understand moods, desires, and motivations of others intrapersonal understand one's own emotions naturalist to recognize and classify flora & animals vygotsky says as a child develops.... their communicative and social skills increase interactionists emphasize who/what in lang acquisition process parents motherese manner in which caregivers talk to children what do interactionists believe about motherese it is designed to help children acquire lang perception we select, organize, integrate and interpret sensory stimulus distancing distance between child and contact with the actual object becomes greater what represents the ultimate distance language the ability to use words in place of things representation object permanance out of sight, out of mind causality cause and effect means-end the child uses cause and effect to solve problems imitation important for cog and lang dev substage 1 egocentric, birth to 1 month, world is an extension of himself substage 2 1 to 4 mon, begins to show awareness of objects, strongly egocentric, cries less, begins to coo substage 3 4 to 8 mon, sitting and crawling, increase interaction with others, begins to babble substage 4 8 to 12 mon, remembers objects, less egocentric, imitates behavior, look for toys not in sight , may say first word at end of stage substage 5 12 to 18 mon, looks for hidden objects, becomes problem solver, experiments with objects substage 6 18 to 24 mon, become cog thinker, changes in play, imitation, seeing pretend play piagets theory of cog dev was both the result of genetics and environment schema to process, identify, store and retrieve info assimilation using existing schema to include new info accommodation develop new schema to organize new info equilibruim between assimilation and accommodation paiget's 4 stages of intellectual dev sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, formal sensorimotor intelligence birth to 2 yr, behaviors are reflexive and motor, cog dev occurs rapidly properational thought 2 to 7 yr, thinks conceptually, categorize, solve problems concrete operations 7 to 11 yr, thinks logically when dealing with concrete problems formal operations 11 to 15 yr, cog abilities fully dev theory of cog development vygotsky, relationship between cognition and language what shapes cognitive development? the important people in a child's life intersubjectivity if 2 people working together on a common task with different levels of understanding about how it should be accomplished manage to merge what they know into a shared understanding as the task is completed scaffolding using small steps to learn a skill perception stimulation child recognizes that stimuli are present and reacts (develops early) cognitive stimulation as the child develops intellectually, he understands what the sensory stimuli means and compares it to what hes already learned visual and tactile stimulation establishes the bond between child and adult executive function keeps us on task, helps monitor and regulate our behavior and keep us out of trouble theory of mind place where beliefs, desires, emotions, thoughts, perceptions and intentions reside theory of mind keeps us..... organized and develops over time


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.