Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2 Study Guide BIOL 200A
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashawnti Dampeer on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 200A at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Dr. Latasha Redmond in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Introductory Biology I in Biology at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Exam 2: Study Guide Chapter 7 1. What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells? 2. What is the basic structure of prokaryotic cells? 3. What are the structures and functions of eukaryotic cells (plant and animals)? 4. What are the functions of organelles in eukaryotic cells? 5. What is the structure of the nuclear envelope? 6. How are molecules imported into the nucleus? 7. How do proteins move through the endomembrane system? 8. What are the different functions of the cytoskeleton? 9. What are the structure and functions of the flagella and cilia? Chapter 8 1. How do changes in entropy and potential energy determine whether or not a reaction in spontaneous? 2. What are the conditions of a nonspontaneous reaction? 3. What factors can influence chemical reactions? 4. What is the relationship between endergonic and exergonic reactions and ATP? 5. What is an enzyme? 6. Why are enzymes needed to help chemical reactions proceed in living cells? 7. What is the role of the active site? 8. How are enzymes regulated? 9. How is enzyme regulation important in metabolic pathways? Chapter 9 1. What is oxidation? 2. What is reduction? 3. What reactants are oxidized and reduced in the overall equation for cellular respiration? 4. What are the four phases of cellular respiration and where are they located? 5. How does cellular respiration produce ATP from molecules with high potential energy? 6. Why is ATP required for the preparatory steps of glycolysis? 7. How does pyruvate processing link glycolysis to the citric acid cycle? 8. At what point during cellular respiration is glucose completely oxidized? 9. How is the exergonic slide of electrons down the electron transport chain coupled to the endergonic production of ATP? 10. What is the difference between aerobic and anaerobic respiration? 11. How are cellular respiration and fermentation regulated? 12. How does fermentation operate in the absence of the electron transport chain? 13. How does cellular respiration interact with other metabolic pathways? Chapter 10 1. What is the energy flow and conversion of photosynthesis? 2. What happens during the light dependent and independent reactions of photosynthesis? 3. What is the role of chlorophyll and the accessory pigments? 4. How is ATP produced during the lightcapturing reactions of photosynthesis? 5. How do electrons flow through photosystem II and I? 6. What is the relationship between cyclic and liner electron flow? 7. What is the purpose of the Calvin cycle? 8. How does the Calvin cycle relate to photosynthesis? 9. What is the role of ATP and NADPH in the Calvin cycle? 10. What factors affect the rate of photosynthesis? 11. What are the major consequences of photorespiration? 12. What is the importance of the CAM and C pat4 ays? 13. How do CAM and C pat4ways increase photosynthesis? Chapter 11 1. What is the function of extra cellular material? 2. What are the different cellcell connections in terms of their structure and function? 3. How do intercellular signals integrate information? 4. What are the variations of cell signal processing in target cells? Chapter 12 1. What are the four phases of the eukaryotic cell cycle? 2. What major events occur during interphase? 3. What are the characteristic events if each phase in mitosis? 4. What is the difference between mitosis and cytokinesis? 5. What is the difference between cytokinesis in plants and animals? 6. What are the various ways the cell cycle is controlled? 7. What are the consequences of uncontrolled cell division?
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