Take-home Midterm POSC 458
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hewan Ft on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POSC 458 at James Madison University taught by Dr. Yang in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see International Political Analysis in Political Science at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Study Guide Midterm Spring 2016 Practice essay and outline 1 How does globalization affect economic sanctions as a foreign policy tool? Process by which markets and production in different countries are becoming increasingly interdependent due to dynamics of trade in goods and services and flows of capital and technology Countries economies have been linked to the internal political stability of a nation. The more globalized a country is, the harsher the effects of an economic sanction to its internal stability. There without globalization, an economic sanction as a foreign policy tool would be close to irrelevant, as a country would not feel any sense of deprivation. a. Has globalization made economic sanctions more or less effective? It has made it more effective, as we have seen that no fully self sustain country, if countries want to have a more diverse economy and higher work force, they would need to trade. it has also been more effective as a deterrent as political actors are less likely to go to war with countries that they have economic ties to. Like the chinaUS relations. (liberal 1 pov) even realists believe that the interdependence produced thanks to globalization makes counties economically vulnerable which credits the effectiveness of economic sanctions. b. Will U.S. sanctions against North Korea succeed in stopping its nuclear programs? US sanctions on North Korea would not have much of an effect on North Korea since NK is not heavily or even slightly dependent on US trade relation. c. Why or why not? Therefore, due to this lack of dependence, the US does not have enough leverage to make an effective economic stride in stopping NK’s nuclear program. 2 What is meant by the term anarchy in world politics? a. Why is the Prisoner’s Dilemma game often used to illustrate the problems of anarchy? Be specific. This is because with the prisoners dilemma, there is no governing body that will be able to ensure that neither side is an even playing field. Therefore both sides would chose to be armed so that if they don’t have an even playing field, they would have the upper hand. b. Explain precisely how the security dilemma and problems of credible commitment result from anarchy, Security Dilemma results from anarchy due to the lack of an official governing body keeping check of the progress or mobilization of countries, therefore countries are more likely to be distrustful. Credible commitment is also unlikely due to countries lack of assurance in keeping said deals. c. giving an example (real or hypothetical) of each problem in operation. - Real- credible commitments problem can be seen in the 1930’s when Italy invaded Abyssinia. Counties with in the League of Nations were said to committed to stop this from happening but no country stayed to their - commitment, nor could the LON make them. - Hypothetical- When Pakistan said that they would have a nuclear weapon and India didn’t trust them, both countries chose to arm themselves because neither could guarantee that the other would keep to their word and disarm. Therefore reiterating the anarchic nature of the world.
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