KINE 2000 Test 2 Study Guide
KINE 2000 Test 2 Study Guide Kine 2000
Popular in Intro to exercise and sports science
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tamar Turner on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Kine 2000 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Espinosa in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 750 views. For similar materials see Intro to exercise and sports science in Kinesiology at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
KINE 2000 Exam 2 Study Guide 02/29/2016 Chapter 5 ▯ Clicker Questions: ▯ -Philosophers take intangibles seriously; these include emotions, ideals, values, and daily experiences. ▯ -Materialism: this view reflects the belief that subjective experiences are of little value an that humans are complex machines ▯ -Deductive reasoning starts with broad, general principle and examines specific facts that follow from it. True ▯ -A comparison of play-like sport to duty-like sport finds that play-like sport considers: sport participation justified by its intrinsic value ▯ ▯ Goals of Philosophy of Physical Activity in Kinesiology ▯ 1.To understand the nature and value of health and physical activity, particularly in the form of exercise, sport, games, play, and dance ▯ 2. To understand how confident we can be about our claims in kinesiology ▯ 3. To understand the most important values of physical activity and its contribution to good living ▯ 4. To learn how we ought to behave in sport and in our professional lives as kinesiologists ▯ ▯ Research Methods ▯ -Inductive reasoning begins with specific cases to develop broad, general principles. ▯ -Deductive reasoning begins with broad factual or hypothetical premises in order to determine more specific conclusions that follow from them. ▯ -Descriptive reasoning begins with one example of some phenomenon and then varies it to see how dramatically it changes. Change allows a more accurate description of the central characteristics of the item being examined. ▯ ▯ Overview of Knowledge ▯ -Nature of the person (specifically, the mind-body relationship) ▯ -Nature of the sport and competition and its relationships to work and play ▯ -Values promoted by physical activity ▯ -Ethical values and sport ▯ ▯ People are composed of two substances: BODY and MIND ▯ -Materialism: the human being is nothing more than a complex machine; subjective experiences are real but have no power ▯ -Dualism: the mind and body are separate; our thoughts count; priority is given to the mind ▯ -Holism: the mind and body are interdependent; all behavior is ambiguous; the mind and body work together ▯ ▯ Significance of Rules ▯ -Rules serve as formal types of game cues: What should be accomplished and how we should accomplish it? ▯ -Rules create a problem that is artificial yet intelligible ▯ -Respecting the rules preserves sport ▯ -Rules liberate us and allow us to explore our capabilities in a protected environment ▯ -Rules can be change when the challenge becomes too easy or too difficult ▯ ▯ Duty-Like Sport: ▯ -We participate for the benefits, we do it for what it does for us. ▯ Play-Like Sport: ▯ -Experienced as delightful, absorbing, and meaningful, and allow us to show our human potential ▯ ▯ Values Promoted by Physical Activity ▯ -Health-related physical fitness ▯ -Knowledge about the human body ▯ -Motor skill ▯ -Activity-related pleasure or fun ▯ ▯ Health Related Physical Fitness Four Components ▯ -Body composition ▯ -Flexibility ▯ -Cardio ▯ -Muscular strength ▯ ▯ Physical Activity Values ▯ -Ethical ▯ -Aesthetic ▯ -Sociopolitical ▯ ▯ Chapter 6 ▯ Clicker Questions: ▯ -Intercollegiate athletics were inaugurated on American college campuses by: students ▯ -According to Dr. Grimsley ECU student were mainly women. What is true about the male population in 1975? 75 males enrolled and 12 played football. ▯ -ECU joined first conference in 1954, which was: North State Atlantic Conference ▯ -In 1966, ECU yearly tuition and fees were: $147.00 ▯ -By the 1860s, many amateur baseball teams were on their way to becoming professionalized; common practices by that time included charging admission and paying players ▯ -From 1900 to 1950 scholarship was influenced by: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Harvard Fatigue Lab ▯ -The physical education teaching profession took root in the United States: just before 1900 ▯ -In the second half of the 20th century, growth in participation in exercise and sport greatly outpaced population increases. True ▯ ▯ Goals of History of Physical Activity ▯ -Identify and describe patterns of change and stability in physical activity in particular societies or cultures during specific periods ▯ -Analyze patterns of change and stability in physical activity in particular societies or cultures during specific periods. ▯ ▯ Title IX: Educational Amendment of 1972 ▯ (a) No person in the United Stated shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance ▯ ▯ History of Physical Activity in North America ▯ -1840-1900: industrialization and westward expansion ▯ -1900-1950: consumerism, immigration, and democratization ▯ -1950-2007: electronic communication and globalization ▯ ▯ Reasons to Study the History of Physical Activity ▯ -Learn about the discipline’s past ▯ -Learn about societal influences on physical activity ▯ -Learn about YOUR past ▯ -Consider what might happen in the future ▯ ▯ Terms ▯ -Modernization theory: theory emphasizing the rise of modern sport occurred during the Industrial Revolution as American society shifted away from an agricultural and local orientation ▯ -Human agency: theory suggesting that people are actively involved in constructing their own sports ▯ ▯ Chapter 7 ▯ Clicker Questions: ▯ -Physical activity sociologists: conduct research in natural settings ▯ -Sociologists of physical activity seldom rely on a physical lab space, but rather they see all sport settings in the social world as their laboratory. True ▯ -What year was the game of women’s basketball founded? 1892 ▯ -What is the name of the person who invented basketball? James Naismith ▯ -First WNBA president: Val Ackerman ▯ -Year WNBA was formed: 1996 ▯ -According to Dr. Sartorie-Baldwin, we need mass to move weight. ▯ Sport sociology may be both quantitative and qualitative. True ▯ ▯ Goals of Sociology of Physical Activity ▯ -To look at physical activity with a penetrating gaze that goes beyond our common understanding o social life ▯ -To identify and analyze patterns of change and stability in physical activity ▯ -To critique physical activity programs in order to identify problems and recommend changes leading to the enhancement of equality and human well-being ▯ ▯ Sociology ▯ -study of a society, its institutions, and its relationships describes and explains human social organization shared meanings of a social organization are its culture ▯ ▯ Society ▯ -A collection of people ▯ -Living in a defined geographical territory ▯ -United through: a political system and a shared sense of self- identification that distinguishes them from other people ▯ ▯ Power and Power Relationships ▯ -Power: the ability to do what you want without being stopped by others ▯ -Power relations underlie social inequalities ▯ -Power relations affect people’s quality of life and their chances for a better life in the future ▯ ▯ Gender Relations and Physical Activity ▯ -Gender: set of norms or expectations about how we should behave that are linked to societal understandings of sexuality and procreation ▯ ▯ Ethnic and Racial Relations ▯ -Ethnic group: a group of people who share important and distinct cultural traditions ▯ -Race: a group of people who are defined by society as different from others on the basis of genetically inherited traits ▯ ▯ Socioeconomic Relations ▯ -Socioeconomic status: social position based on wealth, education, and occupational prestige ▯ ▯ Mixed methods: research approach that involves collecting numerical data and gathering textual data so that both quantitative and qualitative methods are used ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯
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