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Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Haley Johnson

Exam 2 Study Guide BIOL 243 001

Haley Johnson
GPA 3.6

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Here, I have the notes broken down and created a study guide for Exam 2
Human Anatomy and Physiology I
Lewis Bowman
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Haley Johnson on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 243 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Lewis Bowman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 129 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy and Physiology I in Biology at University of South Carolina.

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Date Created: 02/29/16
Exam 2 Study Guide CHAPTER 3: Translation CONCLUSION  Where does the process of translation occur?  Occurs in the cytoplasm  What are the 3 RNAs that are involved in decoding the messenger RNA?  Ribosomal RNA (rRNA), Messenger RNA (mRNA), Transfer RNA (tRNA)  What do ribosomes consist of?  RNA + proteins  Which RNA forms part of the ribosome?  (rRNA) Ribosomal RNA  What is the function of the mRNA?  What is a codon?  How many possible codons ad amino acids in mRNA?  How many codons code for a specific AA?  How many codons code for a stop signal for translation?  What will fall off?  What does it mean that codons are degenerate?  What does tRNA look like?  What are the 2 important regions of the tRNA?  Whats the relationship to the anticodon in tRNA to the codon?  List the steps of how tRNA work.  What happens when a peptide bond is formed?  Does tRNA have to specific to a specific codon? Or can they all fit to each other? CHAPTER 4: Tissues  What is the location of the Epithelial Tissue?  In what parts of the body is Epithelial Tissue contained?  What is the function of Epithelial Tissue?  Name 4 characteristics of Epithelial Tissue.  How is Epithelial Tissue classified?  What are the classification names for ET that are based on cell layers?  What are the classification names for ET that are based on cell shapes?  List the function and locations of each ET classification type in a table.  What are the two special types of simple squamous tissue and where are they found?  What type of ET is found in the lining of the blood vessels?  What does the ET “mucus membranes” do?  What type of ET is found in the “skin”?  What type of ET is the combination of connective and epithelial tissues?  Explain the serous membrane.  What are the 3 types of glandular epithelium?  Which type of glands are absorbed into the blood and then transported to the rest of the body, and are not connected to a free surface?  What type of glad is a sweat gland? Why?  What are the three classifications of secretion? (define and give example)  What are the structure classification names of the exocrine glands?  Describe the intestinal glands, stomach glands, oil glands, mammary glands, and salivary glands?  Where is connective tissue found?  What is the function of connective tissue?  What are 3 characteristics of Connective Tissue?  Do all types of connective tissue have the same type of cells?  What type of CT makeup could be very watery or very hard?  Different types of connective tissue have ___ amounts of ___ ___ of fiber.  Name and define the 3 types of fiber.  Define Connective Tissue Proper.  What are the 3 types of connective tissue proper?  List and define the 3 types of loose connective tissue  Which type of dense connective tissue attaches muscles to bones and bones to bones?  Which type of Dense Connective Tissue contains collagen fibers which are interwoven irregularly?  What are the locations of each type of DCT?  Does regular DCT heal well? Why or why not?  Define cartilage.  What is the difference between cartilage and bones?  How does cartilage function without a direct blood supply?  List and define the three types of cartilage.  Where is hyaline cartilage located?  Why the fibrocartilage is located in the invertebreal discs?  What type of cartilage is located in the ear? CHAPTER 5: The Integumentary System  What are the main locations of the IS?  Name the 7 main functions of the IS.  What are the two major parts of the skin?  What part of the skin is most active in cell division?  What are keratinocytes?  What mainly makes up the epidermis?  What is the layers of the epidermis from superficial to deep and define?  What 3 types of cells are found in the epidermis?  What protects us rom UV light and radiation?  What are the 2 layers of the dermis and define?  Define papillae.  What 2 glands are associated with the skin?  What 3 types of sweat glands are associated with the skin  Where on the body are eccrine sweat glands NOT found?  What is the mode of secretion in sweat glands?  What parts of the body have thick skin?  What are the 4 types of cells in the epidermis? Define.  What are the layers of the dermis?  Where are the Apocrine sweat glands located?  What is the function of the ceruminous glands?  What is the function, lactation, and mode of secretion of sweat gland in a table.  Define the function, mode os secetion, and definition of Sebaceous glands.  Define hair shaft, hair root, hair bulb, and hair matrix.  What are the 3 parts of the nails?  Describe each stage of skin burn.  What are 3 types of tumorous carcinomas?  Which type of carcinomas can quickly spread and are the most dangerous type?  What is the solution for each type of carcinoma?  What does each type of tumorous carcinomas look like? CHAPTER 6: Skeletal System  How many bones are in the human body?  What type of tissue are bones?  What are the two portions that the skeleton is divided into?  What does the axial skeleton do?  What is included in the appendicular skeleton?  Name and define the two types of cells found in the body.  What does it mean that the body is an “endoskeleton”?  Why the body is considered extracellular matrix?  Give examples of each type of structure classification: Long, flat, short, and irregular bones.  What are the three types of long bones?  Define: epiphysis, diaphysis, articular cartilage, periosteum, and endosteum.  What are the two types of bone structure?  Define osteon system and central canal and lamellae  What does hemophoiesis mean?  Where are osteocycte cells, but not osteon cells located?  Where is yellow bone marrow located?  How is compact bone supplied with nutrients?  What does ossification mean?  Define Endochondral Ossification.  How does Intramembranous Ossification occur?  When are the diaphysis and epiphyses ossified?  Define epiphyseal line.  What makes the length of long bones grow?  Define growth hormone  Bones are continually being ____.  How does bone remodeling occur?  Define osteoclasts.  Define bone deposition.  Define mineralization.  Define hormonal mechanisms.  What are the two parts of bone deposition?  What is there always a balance between in remodeling?  What is the bone’s response to stress?  What is the other name for the growth plate?  What are 2 complications of the growth plate? Define  What does remodeling mean?  What does rickets mean?  Define osteoporosis.  Of whom is osteoporosis most common in?  What causes bones to be brittle and break easily?  Define the four types of bone fractures.  What are the 4 stages of healing in bones?


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