Political Science Study Guide Exam 1
Political Science Study Guide Exam 1 pols 2310
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by vctorres3 on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to pols 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Webking, Robert H in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 215 views.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Political Science Study Guide for Exam 1 Material Covers: PowerPoints, Videos, and Quizzes Similarities between the House and the Senate Similarities: They must be a resident of the state they are representing, each state is guaranteed a representative and 2 senators regardless of population, chose the officers (except the Vice President is the president of the Senate), controls the floor debate, selects all committee chairs, has a majority on all committees. Characteristics of the House and Senate House: 2 year terms, size set at 435, at least 25 years old, U.S. citizenship must be 7 years, distributed according to population, elected in congressional districts, no matter what the population is each state is guaranteed one representative, reapportionment every 10 years after census, must be a resident of the state they are representing, average years of service is 9.1 years, and the average reelection rate is 90%. Senate: 6 year terms, member size is 100, each state has 2 senators regardless of population, at least 30 years old, U.S. citizenship must be 9 years, must be a resident of the state they are representing, average years of service is 10.2 years, and the average re election rate is 91%, increase in filibusters means that a supermajority of 60 votes is needed to pass legislation, senators can delay action by nonstop talking, debate is normally limited in the Senate, Senate rule 22 allows 3/5 of the members of Senate to cutoff debate. Organizations and Operation Committees in the House and the Senate Committees in the House: Rules: decides which bills make it to the floor, may amend bills or send them back to the committees, set rules for debate on the floor. Ways and Means: deals with tax legislation which must originate in the House Appropriations: decides how money is spent within overall limits in the president and/or congressional budgets. Committees in the Senate: Judiciary: confirmation hearings for Supreme Court justices Foreign Relations: Most important watchdog over foreign policy, key role in confirming ambassadors and ratifying treaties. Appropriations: functions like a “court of appeal” for interest groups adversely affected by funding decisions in the House Finance: deals with tax legislation passed by the House and entitlements. Members of the House of Representatives and the Senate House of Representatives: Beto O’Rourke(DTX), Will Hurd(RTX), Steve Pearce(R NM) Senate: John Cornyn(RTX), Ted Cruz(RTX), Tom Udall(DNM), Martin Heinrich(D NM) Key Facts regarding the Constitution The Articles of Confederation: established a “league of friendship” among the states. The Constitutional Convention: this occurred in the wake of the Shay’s Rebellion which provided an important catalyst for constitutional change. The Founding Fathers: 1)were mostly wealthy planters, merchants, and lawyers, 2)sought to shift power from the states to a real national government that would better protect their property, and 3) wanted to strengthen the United States against foreign powers The Virginia Plan: Proposed replacing the Articles of Confederation with a new national government. The passage of the Great Compromise: was possible because some delegates from more populated states finally gave in to the demands of the less populated sates and was facilitated by the disqualification of the vote of Alexander Hamilton from New York. Since the Constitutional Convention of 1787: the only methods for constitutional change have been formal amendment, judicial interpretation, enabling legislation, and a custom. An article that gives the Supreme Court explicit authority to rule on the constitutionality of laws and other acts of government is not found in the Constitution. (The next three facts are in regards to the Constitution USA video) Arguments against federal regulation: Regulation limits consumers’ choices and increases their costs, federal agencies do not disappear once a problem is solved, and the only way to escape inappropriate federal regulations is to leave the country. The case of Wickard vs. Filburn is emphasized because it is greatly expanded federal power under the commerce clause of the Constitution. Even though the Equal Rights Amendment was not ratified by the states and added to the Constitution the Title 9 Act helped progress equality for women since the early 1970’s. Key Facts regarding Congress and the Presidency Will Hurd, Beto O’Rourke, and Steve Pearce are all from our region. Gerrymandering: splitting up districts for political gain. The House of Representatives: has 435 members with full voting rights. The basic working units, or working horse, of Congress are: standing committees. In order to serve as president of the United Sates, a person must: be at least 35 years old. The Electoral College is not considered to function as the Founding Fathers envisioned it working. The “power hat” the president “wears” when he is presiding over the lighting of the national Christmas tree: is Chief of State. The Central Intelligence Agency does not have representation in the cabinet. Ted Cruz staged a 21 hour filibuster in favor of defunding Obamacare. The designated survivor for the 2016 State of the Union speech was Department of Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson. (The next fact is in regards to the Obama’s Deal video) In the video it does not show that lobbyist Karen Ignagni and the insurance industry have adamantly opposed any sort of health care reform under President Obama.
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