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JMU / History / HIST 225 / What impact did the market revolution have American social, economic,

What impact did the market revolution have American social, economic,

What impact did the market revolution have American social, economic,


School: James Madison University
Department: History
Course: U.S. History
Professor: Steven reich
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: US History
Cost: 50
Name: Midterm Study Guide
Description: I have outlined the majority of the sample questions posed by Dr. Reich. This provides broad ideas and a better place to start for your essays. I include chapter numbers or helpful documents on where you can find examples (since we have to cite specific materials).
Uploaded: 03/01/2016
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These questions come from Dr. Reich’s Canvas page.

What impact did the market revolution have American social, economic, political, and familial relations?

1 What impact did the Market Revolution have American social,  economic, political, and familial relations? To what extent did  the Market Revolution contradict or confirm the republican  ideals of the American Revolution?

(Foner, Chapter 9)

∙ It created an interdependence between the North and South, the  North needed the cotton produced by the South to manufacture  goods in their factories

∙ White Americans felt that immigrant workers “took jobs away”  from them

∙ Families were effected by multiple aspects of the Market  Revolution

o Mill Girls: women finally breaking into the work force,  

viewed as hookers, went against “virtuous” ideals

o Men moved West to find more land  

∙ Economically, goods could be produced more efficiently and for  less cost

How did the social position of women change from the mideighteenth century to the market revolution?

o Factories could mass produce goods

o Society no longer relied on craftsmen

o Introduction of wage-labor

o Loans were given out to commercial farmers who moved  West to produce agricultural goods for the market

 Could now profit off of what they farmed, no longer  

had to produce just enough for their family to survive

∙ Many states had done away with granting charters for land and  introduced “general incorporation laws”—companies could now  purchase charters of land for a specific fee (p. 337)

o Many Americans did not trust these charters

o Felt that they were a “form of government granted special  privilege” (p. 337)

o Local judges held factory owners blameless for property  damage

2 How did the social position of women change from the mid eighteenth century to the Market Revolution? Did the American Revolution improve the social status of women? How did the  Market Revolution change the social status of women? How  did women respond to these changes?

How did the United States Constitution reflect the internal social and political struggles of the early United States?

We also discuss several other topics like What is tragedy of the commons?
If you want to learn more check out what is front lighting?

(Foner, Chapter 9)

∙ The social position of women changed from the idea of the  “republican motherhood” to the “cult of domesticity” (p. 349)

o The idea of virtue was redefined (it used to be associated  with male political success) and associated closer with  

women—beauty, frailty, dependence on men, and sexual  

innocence became the new “virtue”

∙ Market Rev.: Although the expected submissive behavior of  women took away their job to raise successful republican  

children, women exercised more power over the family and it’s  property because of the amount of travel husbands had to do for  work We also discuss several other topics like ▪ Experimenter: “What do you do with a cigarette?
We also discuss several other topics like What is The largest carbon sink in the world?
We also discuss several other topics like what is domistication?

∙ Many women embraced the opportunity to become involved with the family’s economic wellbeing

o Many joined the workforce

o We saw a decline in childbirth during this era because  

women decided to have fewer children

3 How did Jacksonian America differ—socially, politically,  economically—from America under the first four presidential  administrations?

(Foner, Chapter 10)

∙ People became much more politically involved during this time ∙ Politics revolved around issues of the market revolution and  increasing tensions between the national and sectional loyalties ∙ Democrats vs. Whigs (Jacksonian) Federalists vs. Republicans  (First 4 admins) Don't forget about the age old question of What is utilitarianism?

∙ Money had become a disputed topic between politicians— currency, tariffs, and banks

∙ Democrats felt that individual morality was a private matter,  while Whigs rejected the idea that government must not  

interfere in private life

4 Some historians have argued that the American Revolution  was not about establishing home rule but was about who  would rule at home. Do you agree? Why? What documents  confirm this thesis? Which contradict it? What was the role of  class and class conflict in the Revolution and the struggle over  the post-revolutionary settlement? Do those events confirm or contradict this thesis?

Documents to Look At:

∙ Document 28

∙ Crevecouer “What is an American”

∙ Thomas Paine “Common Sense” GML p. 194

5 How did the United States Constitution reflect the internal  social and political struggles of the early United States? What  specific provisions in the Constitution speak to these issues? (Foner, Chapter 7)

∙ The meetings to frame the Constitution reflected the struggles  to the early U.S. because it outlined the rights and freedoms that the Founding Fathers believed all Americans deserved

∙ Two political principles—division of powers and system of checks  and balances

∙ Relationship between state government and federal government ∙ The institution of slavery was heavily debated at the  

Constitutional Convention

∙ Slavery clauses were compromises

∙ Congress was assigned power over tariffs, interstate commerce,  coining, bankruptcy rules, and property rights

o Made a national economic market possible

∙ Later the Bill of Rights better reflected the struggles of the early  U.S.

o Sought to not impose on liberties

o Balanced political power

o Prevented abuse of authority

o Gun rights

o Freedom of Speech

o Freedom of Press

o Freedom of Religion

6 What was the Federalist vision of America? What was the  Jeffersonian, or republican vision? How did the two differ? On  what, if anything, did the two visions agree?

(Foner, Chapter 8)

∙ Federalists  

o Favored close ties with Britain

o Elitist outlook

o Fixed hierarchy and public office of wealthy men

o Freedom rested on deference to authority (p. 288)

o Fear of anarchy

∙ Republicans  

o Were sympathetic to France

o Supported by farmers

o Supported French Revolution

o Felt that democratic participation was essential to freedom 7 Slavery and freedom expanded simultaneously in both British  North America and the United States. How did Americans— both black and white—confront and respond to this seemingly  irreconcilable contradiction?

∙ Saw rise of Northern abolitionists

∙ Freed, educated slaves began to spread the abolition  


∙ Slavery in the South grew to continue producing agrarian


∙ Some Southerners believed it was their right to own  African-Americans

∙ Some Southerners believed it was a “necessary evil”

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