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US History Since 1877 Study Guide for Test 2

by: Shelby Harris

US History Since 1877 Study Guide for Test 2 HIST 10613

Marketplace > Texas Christian University > History > HIST 10613 > US History Since 1877 Study Guide for Test 2
Shelby Harris

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About this Document

This is the incomplete study guide for Test two. I will post the complete one after we finish taking notes for this test.
US Hist: Surv Since 1877
Dr. Mary Wilson
Study Guide
history, since, us, 1877, study, guide, test, two, 2, exam, midterm
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shelby Harris on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 10613 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. Mary Wilson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 170 views. For similar materials see US Hist: Surv Since 1877 in History at Texas Christian University.


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Date Created: 02/29/16
US History Study Guide For Test #2  Thursday, February 3, 2016  Farmer’s Alliance  ● tried to deal with soil exhaustion  ● political­ supported candidates that supported them  ● efforts to create co­ops to fight commodity brokers  ● produced the Populist movement/people’s party  Populist Party  ● Grew out of Farmer’s Alliance  ● Created a 3rd Party of progressives  ● had very specifiPlatforms and Planks:  ○ 1st Major Platfor­ designed to he​armers  ■ federal ownership of railroads, telegraph, and telephones  ■ graduated income tax   ○ 2nd Major Platform designed to attraindustrial workers  ■ shorter work week (40 hours)  ■ restrictions on immigration  ○ 3rd Major Platform​designed tmake government more responsive  ■ Australian Ballot­ secret ballot  ■ right of initiative and referendum  ■ popular election of senators  Election of 1892  ● Grover Cleveland (D) v. Benjamin Harrison (R) v. James B. Weaver (P)  ● Populist candidate won 21 electoral votes  Panic of 1893 Recession  ● Cleveland was blamed for the recession  ● He didn’t believe the government should help citizens financially  Coxey’s Army  ● led byJacob S. Coxey  ○ thought government should hire unemployed workers to perform public work  ● approximately 400 men marched on Washington  ● lost the American support­ Americans don’t like chaos  ● demonstrated the power of the populist party  Election of 1896  ● William McKinley (R) v. William Jennings Bryan (D)  ● first election where candidates campaigned for themselves  William Jennings Bryan  ● lost election of 1896  ● democrat but supported by populists  ● Gave the “Cross of Gold” speech  ○ american farmer being crucified on a golden cross  William McKinley  ● Last veteran President of the Civil War  ● Dingley Tariff Act  ○ raised tariffs 52%  ○ hurt agricultural section of United States  Imperialism­ gaining control over another country with no intention of making it a country of  your own  Otto Von Bismark  ● German Chancellor (greatest of all time)  John FIske  Alfred Thayer Mahan  ● Wrote about the influence of naval power on history  ○ in order to be a great civilization, you had to be a great sea power  ■ merchant marine and navy  ○ colonies required sea power  ● suggested the construction of a Panama Canal  ● Inspired Kaiser Wilhelm II and Theodore Roosevelt  The Great White Fleet  ● created by Theodore Roosevelt  ● Went around the world as a goodwill gesture  ● Dec. 1907­ Feb. 1909  William Seward  ● Secretary of state (1860s)  ● bought Alaska for $7.2 million  ○ prevented Russia from gaining too much control of the area  ○ provided ports for US ships  ○ natural resources: furs, gold, fish oil  Samoa Islands  ● Shared by USA, GB, and Germany  ● strategically located for refueling  ● Civil War in 1889  ○ Germany established a self­governing protectorate  ● Germany kicked out after WWI  ● Samoa today:  ○ American Samoa  ■ constitution; freely elected, independent legislature, self­ governing  ■ people there are US nationals  ○ Free Samoa  Hawaii  ● Sugar Industry  ○ US exempted their sugar & goods from tariffs  ○ They agreed not to make deals with any other countries  ● Thousands of Hawaiians died from smallpox and measles  ● Monarchy­ Queen Liliouo Kalani  ● Americans set up an American Republic  ● Annexed in 1898; Became a state in 1959  Spanish­American War  ● 1st time USA used military outside its own borders to help other people  Cuba  ● Dictatorship  ● War for independence began in 1868  ○ granted partial freedom in 1878 if they freed their slaves  ● America was their biggest customer for sugar  Spanish General Valeriamo Weyler  ● “The Butcher”  ● put Cubans in concentration camps  Yellow Journalism  ● Journalism that is based on sensationalism  ● Newspaper owners were willing to make things up to sell more  ○ William Randolph Hearst­New York Journal  ○ Joseph Pulitzer New York World  ● Cubans appealed to Newspapers to get the support of the American business  USS Maine  ● sent to Cuba as a presence to stop riots  ● exploded and Spain was blamed  ● Congress authorized millions to prepare for war  ○ US blockaded Cuban ports → Spain Declared War→ US declared war  Teller Amendment  ● Senator Henry Teller  ● Promised US wouldn’t take Cuban territory as a result of war  ● US would leave after Cuban government settled down  “Splendid Little War­John Hay  ● Spanish had 80,000 in Cuba  ● US had 29,000 in standing army and no one had fought since the Civil War  ○ needed to train and ship soldiers quickly  ● Roosevelt ordered US fleet to trap Spanish fleet in Philippines  ○ led by George H. Dewey  ● Battle of San Juan Hill  ○ Rough Riders­ cavalry unit raised by Teddy Roosevelt  ■ assisted by 9th and 10th cavalry  ■ defeated Spanish  ● War lasted 113 days  ○ most deaths were from heat stroke and botulism  Treaty of Paris 1898  ● ended the Spanish­American War  ● Outcomes  ○ US paid Spain $20 million for Philippines  ○ Cuba gained independence; US maintained the right to interfere  ○ Cuba agreed to US presence in Guantanamo Bay  ○ US gained Guam and Puerto Rico  ● Long term Consequences of Spanish American War  ○ US was seen as a world power & became a colonial power  ● Post War  ○ US set up temporary government in Cuba  ○ Set up bureaucracies and infrastructure  ● 1901­ Cuba wrote a constitution  ○ Platt Amendment  ■ Cuba agreed it would never come under the influence of a world power  other than the US  ■ must maintain a balanced budget  ■ US could intervene to keep other powers out  ■ Cuba had to sell/lease Guantanamo Bay to US    US Expands its Empire  Filipino Revolt, 1899­1902  ● Emilio Aquinaldo led  ● Fought for two years for their independence  ● US sent 126,000 men to subdue them  ○ >6,000 men died  ● 1901­ Philippines became unorganized territory  ● 1946­ gained independence  Insular Supreme Court Cases, 1900­1904  ● addressed the rights of all US territories  ● Supreme court said that Congress was to decide statehood & status of citizenship  ● case resolved itself in time  Election of 1900  ● William McKinle v. William Jennings Bryan (anti­imperialist)  ● McKinley assassinated in 1901  ○ → Roosevelt sworn into office  John Hay  ● Secretary of State under McKinley  ● Promoted free trade in the weak country of China  ● Open Door Policy in China  ○ all countries will treat each other equally  ○ worked well; no one fought it for fear of retaliation  ○ Huge diplomatic victory for United States  Boxer Rebellion  ● Chinese Empress Dowager Cixi convinced her people that the foreigners were  responsible for China’s terrible state  ● “boxers” killed any westerner they came across  ●  


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