Phil 105, Week 3 Notes & Review for Exam 1
Phil 105, Week 3 Notes & Review for Exam 1 PHIL 105 - 01
Cal State Fullerton
Popular in Critical Thinking
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Katrina Japson on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHIL 105 - 01 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Richard Vulich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in PHIL-Philosophy at California State University - Fullerton.
Reviews for Phil 105, Week 3 Notes & Review for Exam 1
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/01/16
PHIL 105, 2/16 Barriers to Critical Thinking 3 Tier Model of Critical Thinking o 1. Experience – One just describes their experience (what happened) without yet trying to understand why/how it happened Ex. I didn’t get the job o 2. Interpretation – One goes beyond the experience level by trying to make sense or interpret it Ex. Boss didn’t like my haircut o 3. Analysis – One critically examines experience to see if it is the best interpretation or there is a better one. Either hold on to first interpretation or replace it with a better one that makes more sense. Ex. The real reason I didn’t get the job, maybe they found out my criminal history. Types of Resistance to Critical Thinking o Avoidance – We avoid both people and situations that cause us to doubt our own views o Anger – Instead of critically analyzing an opposing part of view one gets angry o Cliché – Resorting to an overused saying or one-line phrase to shut down a critical discussion or stop an analysis o Denial – Simply denying alternative views rather than analyzing their merits o Ignorance – When we deliberately stay ignorant of things that we don’t want to know o Conformity – People who fear standing out and adopt the most popular view o Struggling – One delays ever coming to a conclusion on an issue by endlessly struggling/grappling with the alternatives o Distractions – Deliberately avoid critical thought by distracting yourself with various activities o Narrow-mindedness – One blindly assumes that authority figures are always absolutely right o Fear of challenge – Fear of having beliefs challenged by others o Egocentrism – Belief that you are the center of everything, or that the world revolves around you o Ethnocentrism – The unjustified belief of superiority of your own group or culture o Anthropocentrism – Belief that mankind is superior to all living things and the center of everything Rationalization – When you justify your choice or opinion based on personal preference rather than critical thought Doublethink – When you hold two contradictory views at the same time Cognitive/Social Dissonance – Where new ideas or social behavior conflict with your existing ideas or behavior Stress Review for Quiz 1 Argument – definition, premises, conclusion, what it means for a statement to be true Types of sentences – assertoric (have truth value, either true or false, but never both), interrogative (questions), imperative (commands), exclamation Difference between deductive and inductive arguments o Understand deductive validity – If the premises are true, then the conclusion must also be true o Inductive – If the premises are true, the conclusion is likely to be true but can be false Different forms of deductive syllogisms o Modus Ponens o Modus Tollens o Disjunctive Syllogism o Chain Argument o What type of argument? Provide an example Milgram Experiment Stanford Prison Experiment (Zimbardo) Cognitive Development – 3 stages o Dualism o Relativism o Commitment o Analytical Skills o Communicate o Research o Flexibility o Open mind skepticism o Create Problem Solving o Collaborative Learning Critical thinking helps boost self esteem, o Correlate with self recorded contentment o Developing a life plan o Democracy 3 Levels of Critical Thinking o Experience o Interpretation o Analysis Resistance to Critical Thinking o Avoidance o Anger o Cliché o Denial o Ignorance o Conformity o Struggling o Distraction Narrow-mindedness o Absolutism o Egocentrism o Ethnocentrism o Anthropocentrism Rationalism – make a choice on personal preference or impulse and later find reasons to why it would be logical Doublethink – Person holds two contradictory ideas at once Cognitive/Social Dissonance Stress Confirmation bias -
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'