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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Hist110B, Week 4 Notes - Class Notes

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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Hist110B, Week 4 Notes - Class Notes

School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: history
Name: Hist110B, Week 4 Notes
Description: Covers Chapter 19
Uploaded: 03/01/2016
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background image Chapter 19: 1450-1750, The Indian Ocean, South Asia, &  East Africa Trading enclaves flourished in the Indian Ocean basin o No one state has ever controlled the whole basin
o Even Islam was divided by practices
With regional identities o The seasonal monsoons blew ships Westward in the winter Eastward in the summer o Aceh and Melaka benefited by location, on the way to China
o Prior to the Europeans, Muslims dominated the system
o All benefited with religious toleration in port cities
o Indian enclaves benefited from strong empires (Mughal, 
Ottoman) o Had trading enclaves and silver in the economy
o Dutch and English interlopers benefited from their trading 
companies VOC, EIC  The rise and fall of India’s empires reflected larger regional trends o Grew from large peasant populations With tribute and tax systems in place o The empires were the Mughal and Vijayanagara 
o Over time, taxation became corrupt, succession was a crisis
o The empires fell 
o But the regional trading enclaves and introduction of silver 
helped the economies How Europeans inserted themselves into the Indian Ocean  o Introduced violence to it
o First the Portuguese, then Dutch, English – gunpowder weapons
o Ships, guns, and cannons
o Allowed them to control trade and entire societies: Goa and 
Melaka o Europeans brought changes Brought formal trading companies as virtual governments  as almost independent states o That’s a “colonial presence”
o Continued until the 19
th  century Role Africa played in the Atlantic slave and in the Indian Ocean trade o African elites adjusted to European buyers in the slave trade

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School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: history
Name: Hist110B, Week 4 Notes
Description: Covers Chapter 19
Uploaded: 03/01/2016
2 Pages 6 Views 4 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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