Quiz #2 review guide
Quiz #2 review guide PLS 100
Popular in Intro to American Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lizzie Enright on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PLS 100 at Michigan State University taught by Dan Thaler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Politics in Political Science at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Quiz #2- Congress and Presidency Differences between House and Senate - House is proportional to population/ 2 year elections - Senate has equal seats for each state/ 6 year elections Necessary and Proper Clause - Clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) setting forth the implied powers of Congress. It states that Congress, in addition to its express powers, has the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out all powers the Constitution vests in the national Gerrymandering - Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power. - Congressional Districting is made by apportionment - Unequal representation in the senate Duverger’s Law - Law of politics, formalized by Maurice Duverger, stating that plurality-rule electoral systems will tend to have two political parties Plurality voting - to be elected, a candidate only needs to receive more votes than her opponent, not a majority of the votes cast Reasons for incumbency advantage - Those in office tend to stay in office - Incumbents have name recognition, resources, and financial support over other candidates Multiple referral - a congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several committees Criteria for committee assignments - By a committee based on requests, seniority, re-election chances, and party interests Discharge Petition - Petition that, if signed by majority of the House of Representatives' members, will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration. Veto override process - 2/3 vote in both house and senate Pocket veto - A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it. Constitution powers of congress o Revenue bills originate in house, o Foreign Affairs, o Confirmation of Justices, o Necessary and Proper Clause Power and role of party leaders - Set party’s agenda, vote and debate - Standing Committees - Permanent committees that specialize in a topic Conditional Party Government - when members of the majority party caucus in congress achieve consensus on policy issues, they adopt reforms that obligate congressional committee chairs and party leaders to try to enact the party's legislative agenda on which there is a consensus Pork-Barrel spending - legislative funding for unnecessary projects that favor the district of a particular legislator Unitary Executive argument - Controls the entire executive branch - Controversy over how much say Congress and Courts get Authority as commander-in-chief - Head of the armed forces - President gets first mover advantage o War Powers Resolution o Congress declares war and fund operations War Powers Act - 1973. A resolution of Congress that stated the President can only send troops into action abroad by authorization of Congress or if America is already under attack or serious threat. Veto - Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature Line-Item Veto - An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature Imperial Presidency - President is seen as emperor taking strong actions without consulting Congress or seeking its approval Going Public - the act of launching a media campaign to build popular support Impact of cable/Satellite TV - Easier to avoid messages - Alternative means of communication exist Executive Orders - A rule issued by the president that has the force of law Executive Privilege - An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary. Executive Agreements - Agreements with other countries that do not need senate approval Divided Government - Governance divided between the parties, as when one holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress Changing power of the cabinet - Ratification of treaties - Distinctions among the three concern their method of ratification: o by twothirds of the Senate, o by normal legislative process, The Treaty Clause empowers the President to make or enter into treaties with the "advice and consent" of twothirds of the Senate.
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