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Geography 111 Exam 2 StudyGuide

by: amber weiss

Geography 111 Exam 2 StudyGuide Geography 111 Sec 002

amber weiss
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

Here is the review guide for our exam over Chapters 5- 7
Intro to Geography
Stacey Brown
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by amber weiss on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Geography 111 Sec 002 at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville taught by Stacey Brown in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Intro to Geography in Geography at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville.


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Date Created: 03/01/16
Study Guide Exam 2 Chapter 5 1. Population pyramid- used to help analyze growth or decline of fertility, mortality, and migration in place. Rapid growth would be the Christmas tree. Slow growth would be the box. Negative growth would be the cup. 2. 4 main population clusters: Europe (Russia, france, spain, turkey, Italy, etc) ; East Asia(china, japan, korea, Taiwan) ; Southeast Asia (Thailand, Indonesia, phillipines) ; South Asia (india, Pakistan, Bangladesh) 3. Population density- number of persons per unit of land ; Physiological density- tells what is happening there and number of persons per unit of arable land, shows availability of resources 4. CBR- crude birth rate- total number of live births in a year for every 1000 people ; CDR- crude death rate- total number of deaths is a year for every 1000 people 5. RNI- rate natural increase- percentage a population grows in a year “natural” means excludes migration 6. TFR- total fertility rate- average number children women of childbearing age are expected to have in their lifetime (2.0 generally to replace each parent) 7. The Epidemiological Transition Model explains how diseases influence each stage of the demographic transition model. Stage 1: very high CDR- pestilence and famine, infectious and parasitic diseases (black plague) Stage 2: CDR declines- receding pandemics, disease that occurs over a wide geographic area that affects a very high proportion of population (indust. Revolution) Stage 3: CDR decline- degenerative diseases, increased access to multiple vaccines, chronic disorder associated with aging Stage 4: delayed degenerative diseases, medical advances extend lifespans, but major degenerative diseases linger 8. Stage 5: return of infectious diseases and emerging new ones; return: tuberculosis, polio, measles, and mumps ; New: HIV/AIDS ; caused by several factors: poverty, evolution and increased interconnectivity 9. Cartogram- world population distributed by changing shapes of countries whether small or large population density Chapter 6 1) Migration- movement of people from one place to another Emigrant- out migration, from somewhere Immigrant- in migration, to somewhere 2) Pull factors- factor that attracts you to go to a particular place (positive) for better jobs, etc. Push factors- factor that pressure or force you to leave a particular place (negative) for war, famine, drought, extreme depression 3) Refugee- person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster, (international movement) Internally displaced person- forced to migrate within country, no international aid, and little assistance beyond fending for themselves 4) Brain drain- most educated and talented people leaving their country to be paid better in a new place 5) Remittances- send home portion of paycheck to family back home (huge economic benefits for recipients) 6) Ecotourism- focuses on reducing the environmental impact of visitors while maintaining appeal of a destination 7) Interregional migration- permanent movement from 1 region of a country to another Intraregional migration- permanent movement within one region of a country 8) The united states is the “melting pot” 3 main influxes: a. UK and Africa (17 -18 century) b. Europe (mid 19-20 century) c. Latin America and Asia (late 20-21 century) 9) Visa- documents that permit the entry into a country for a predetermined amount of time Chapter 7 1. Cultural hearth- area where new ideas and innovation spring up and spread to other parts of the world, most if modern cultural hearth are urban area like New York City, Paris, London and Tokyo- and spread all over the world 2. Language convergence- separate languages into contact and merge Dialect- variation of language, vocab and pronunciation Regional dialect- variations across space visible at different scales 3. Lingua franca- common language that enables different language speakers to communicate 4. Language family- collection of language related through an ancient common ancestral language 5. Most native speakers: Mandarin, Spanish, English and Hindi; Indo European- 45% of world- Spanish English Hindi 6. Official language- a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. Typically a country’s official language refers to the language used within government (e.g., courts, parliament, and administration). Multilingual- speaking multiple languages 7. Orthopraxy- is correct conduct, both ethical and liturgical, as opposed to faith or grace etc. Orthodoxy- authorized or generally accepted theory, doctrine, or practice. 8. Universalizing religion- a religion that attempts to operate on a global scale and to appeal to all people wherever they reside, compared to an ethnic religion which primarily attracts one group of people living in one place. Ethnic religion-the ethnicity of its adherents, and conversion essentially equates to cultural assimilation into that ethnoreligious group 9. Monotheism- is the belief in a single all-powerful god, as opposed to religions that believe in multiple gods. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are widely practiced forms of monotheism Polytheism- the belief in or worship of more than one god 10.


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