Abnormal Psychology Exam IV Study Guide
Abnormal Psychology Exam IV Study Guide Psyc 2500
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by lucy allen on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2500 at University of Denver taught by Dr. Jennifer M Joy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 89 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Denver.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Schizophrenia -positive symptoms of schizophrenia -heightened perceptions -hallucinations -inappropriate affect -delusions -negative symptoms of schizophrenia -flat affect: not showing much on the face -poverty of speech -withdrawal from social situations -loss of volition -characteristics that are lacking -psychomotor symptoms of schizophrenia -awkward movements -repeated grimaces -odd gestures -three stages of schizophrenia -prodromal -active -residual -difference between type 1 and type 2 schizophrenia -type 1: more positive symptoms -type 2: more negative symptoms -biological perspectives of schizophrenia -genetic likelihood -dopamine hypothesis -potential issues for this account? -atypical antipsychotics use the D1 and serotonin receptors -negative symptoms more related to abnormal brain structures -brain structure -viruses before birth -cognitive behavioral perspectives of schizophrenia -behavioral: operant conditioning and reinforcement -cognitive: symptoms furthered by faulty interpretation and misunderstanding of symptoms -sociocultural perspective of schizophrenia -social labeling -multicultural factors -psychosocial environments of developing versus developed countries -family dysfunctioning -milieu therapy -a social climate that promotes and provide them with responsibility, promotes productive activity and self-respect -what was a taken economy? -patients are rewarded only when they behave in socially acceptable ways -how effective are typical antipsychotic drugs? -65% -problems: sometimes produce movement problems: tardive dyskinesia -why are newer antipsychotics called atypical? -they target different biological operations -don't use dopamine -side effects? -risk of agranulocytosis -weight gain, dizziness, elevations in blood sugar -cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia -goal is to change how individuals view and react to hallucinatory experiences -accept their streams of problematic thoughts -goals of family therapy for schizophrenia -address emotional and stress-related issues, create more realistic expectations and provide psychoeducation about the disorder -social therapy -practical advice, problem solving, decision making, social skills training, medication management, employment counseling, financial assistance and housing Dissociative Identity Disorder -symptoms of dissociation -depersonalization -things seem unreal or hazy -often disconnected from thoughts and emotions -pertains to the self -derealization -things appear to be dull or lacking depth -pertains to environment -psychogenic amnesia -inability to recall seemingly unforgettable information -not due to any external source (everything appears fine) -structure of the mind (Freud) -id -basic needs (eat, drink, sex, aggression) -ego -in between the other two, regulates the Id -reluctant to lash out to avoid negative consequences -superego -maintaining the appropriate track; the "Good and Narrow" -uses guilt as punishment to avoid doing them again -symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder -two or more distinct personality states -psychogenic amnesia for seemingly unforgettable autobiographical events -prevalence rates -US: between 1 and 12% -Europe: between 0.4 and 4.7% -more accurate rates are unknown due to methodology of the studies -history: where were the earliest DID cases -Germany & USA (1791- same year, unknown to one another) -typically thought of as hysteria to begin with -memory -when an identity is switched, are the others noticed/aware of that? -three types -one way: one identity is somewhat aware of the other, but the other does not know -two way: individual only remembers what each identity knows -mutual awareness: identities are aware of one another -can retrieve memories from another identity, but is difficult -phenomenology -amnesia -depersonalization -derealization -identity confusion/alteration -somatic complaints -typically centered around the gut -headaches -conversion symptoms (sudden blindness/deafness) -auditory hallucinations Personality Disorders -categorical vs. dimensional Personality -a set of uniquely expressed characteristics that influence our behaviors, emotions, thoughts and interactions -flexible and allows to learn and adapt to new environments Three Groups of Personality Disorders -odd (suspicion withdrawal isolation) -paranoid personality disorder -deep distrust/suspicion of others, cold and distant -schizoid personality disorder -persistent avoidance of social relationships -prefer to be alone and seem flat, cold and humorless -schizotypal personality disorder -extreme discomfort in close relationships -odd/magical ways of thinking -behavioral eccentricities -dramatic -antisocial personality disorder -psychopaths/sociopaths; common violation of others rights -repeatedly deceptive with lack of remorse/empathy -borderline personality disorder -unstable mood and self-image -highly impulsive and risk seeker -histrionic personality disorder -excessive need for approval and praise -center of attention -extremely emotional -vain, self-centered and demanding -narcissistic personality disorder -arrogant, -need much admiration -lack of empathy -exaggerate their achievements and diminish others' -anxious (fear, lack of adequacy) -avoidant personality disorder -uncomfortable and inhibited in social situations -extremely sensitive to negative evaluation -fear of being shamed or ridiculed in intimate relationships -dependent personality disorder -difficulty with separation -pervasive, excessive need to be taken care of and often described as clingy or obedient -obsessive-compulsive personality disorder -preoccupied with order, perfection and control and lose all flexibility and openness -set unreasonably high standards for themselves or others -rigid and stubborn
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