Poli Sci 4 - Midterm Study Guide
Poli Sci 4 - Midterm Study Guide PoliSci 4
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elena Stacy on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PoliSci 4 at University of California Berkeley taught by Mark Bevir in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 133 views. For similar materials see Introdoction to Political Theory in Political Science at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Political Theory – Midterm Study Guide Part 1: Ideology 1. Liberalism and conservatism are both ideologies of the ruling class. Discuss. Marx 2. Are ideologies a distinctive feature of the modern world as it has developed since the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries? Develop your answer, in part at least, through a discussion of both liberalism and conservatism. Origins of liberalism and conservatism o efore “modern world” vs. “modern world” o 18 and 19h century focus religion, aristocracy, Enlightenment, etc. Part 2: Liberalism 1. What are the main similarities and differences between classical and social liberalism? Which variety of liberalism do you find more compelling? Why? Positive liberties vs. negative liberties Individualism Classical economy vs. modern 2. Liberals typically hold that the individual is, in some way, prior to society. How would a liberal justify this view? Distinctive qualities Rationalism Atomism Human nature Part 3: Conservatism 1. Does a belief in the fallibility of human reason necessarily imply conservatism? Rationalism Paternalism Divine right Individual liberty 2. How might we justify conservatism to conservatives and to nonconservatives? Human imperfection Natural social order Market efficiency Christian values
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