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Ansc 211 Final Study Guide

by: randomchic12

Ansc 211 Final Study Guide 211

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Study guide for all of the material covered in the class throughout the quarter since the final is cumulative. The final itself isn't that long but anything discussed in class is fair game for the ...
Intro to equine
Dr. Laura Gentry
Study Guide
Animal Science, equine, final, exam, Study Guide, Horse, history, horse history, horse industry, status of horse industry, terminology, horse terminology, horse activities, equine activities, classes, breeds, horse breeds, color, markings, horse colors, h
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This 17 page Study Guide was uploaded by randomchic12 on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 211 at Louisiana Tech University taught by Dr. Laura Gentry in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 114 views.


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Date Created: 03/01/16
Ansc 211 Exam 1: History of the Horse Study 1. What kingdom isthe horse in? Animalia 19.early horse type that had alarge head/ears, steppe 2. what phylum isthe horse in? chordata stiffmane, strong compact body; long/narrow hooves; quick and agile; best 3. what subphylum isthe horse in? vertebrata represented by Przewalski'shorse 4. what classisthe horse in? mammalia 20.early horse type that had alighter build than plateau 5. what order isthe horse in? perissodactyla Forest or steppes; smaller, refined head, long 6. what family isthe horse in? equidae slender legs; medium sized hooves; thought to give rise to many light/pony breeds 7. What isthe classification ofthe true horse equus 21.early horse type that had acoarse head, tundra (genusand species)? caballus wide/long back, sturdy legs; thick fur & long 8. What isthe classification ofthe equus asinus mane/tail; roamed NE Europe; closet donkey/ass(genusand species)? relative= native poniesofSiberia 9. What doesPerissodactylamean? strange odd 22. early influencesofthese people are the first scythians toed recorded geldings(castrated male horse); 10.What are the 3 familiesofthe equidae, wealth measured in horses perissodactyla? tapiridae, 23.early influencesofthese people are the first chinese rhinocerotidae use ofhorse-drawn chariots; light cavalry- refined use ofriding with saddle; used horses 11.adapt the behavior ofanimalsto fit the domestication needsofpeople; tamed or gentled for use in great numbersby 3rd century; considered by man complete horsemen by 7th century 12.earliest ancestor ofthe present day horse, eohippus 24.early influencesofthese people are they roman existed for more than four centuries; infantry army about the size ofadog/fox, had 4 front to cavalry toes& 3 hind toes, browser, Eocene epic 25.early influencesofthistime period are horses middle ages 13.larger than eohippus, 3 front and hind mesohippus toes, teeth more evolved, Oligocene used for battle/hunting, eventually adapted Epoch new roles, particularly in agriculture 14.beginning ofgrazing horse oftoday, merychippus 26.early influencesofthistime period are horses renaissance assumed amore prominent role in gregariousand lived in herds, complicated transporting goodsand people grinding teeth similar to present day horses, 2 toes(second toe shrank and no 27.time (not ayear or time period) during which colonization longer reached ground & main toe horseshauled goods, pulled cabs& carriages, and thickened and hardened for swift travel plowed fields, and were an essential part of settlement on dry ground), Miocene Epoch the economy 15.first true monodactyl (one-toed animal), pliohippus 28.location where horse powered masstransit, urban teeth and limbsmost similar to present hauling ofcargo from railroads, steamships, america horses, 1 toe (hoove, evolved from middle canal boat (draft), fire protection, and toe), Pliocene epoch pleasure wagon thrived oftoday, true grazers, Pleistocene equus 29. an act passed by congressin 1862 that led to morrill land Epoch the establishment ofstate agricultural grant act 17.During the Ice Age, the horse became north america colleges extinct in which continent? 18.early horse type that washeavy, large, and forest forest browsers; large hooves, dense coats, long featherson fetlocks; not built for speed but power; closet relative= draft horse Ansc 211 Exam 1: Status of Horse Industry Study online 1. T/F: there are alot lesshorses, asses, and mulesthan cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, etc true 2. T/F: horsesand cattle do not have the same classification from Kingdom to Family true 3. countrieswith the largest population ofhorsesin mid 2000s china and mexico 4. countrieswith the largest population ofdonkeys/mules/hinniesin mid 2000s china and mexico 5. term for donkey (equusafricanusasinus) ass 6. male donkey jack 7. female donkey jenny or jennet 8. crossbetween amare and amale donkey (sterile) mule 9. crossbetween astallion and afemale donkey (sterile) hinny Ansc 211 Exam 1: Terminology & Equine Activities Study 1. mature female horse, usually over the age of3 mare 21.the development ofthe horse'sphysical and dressage 2. mature male horse, usually over the age of2-3 stallion mental condition aimed at improving its natural gaitsand perfect understanding with 3. castrated male horse ofany age gelding itsrider; amethod in which, through body 4. young horse still nursing, usually lessthan 6 foal movementsand without using hands, feet, or legs, arider can guide atrained horse monthsold through natural maneuvers 5. young horse weaned from itsmother, lessthan weanling 1 year old event in the western horse show where western the horse isjudged on true and comfortable pleasure 6. young horse between the age of1-2 yearling gaits, alert but calm disposition and a 7. young female horse filly pleasure ride 8. young intact male, sometimesused to colt event in the western horse show where western describe ahorse in general the pattern involving changing gaitsat riding 9. group ofhorses herd specific pointsisexecuted 10.ahorse'sway ofmoving itslegsduring gait event in the western horse show where trail the horsesability to cope with avariety of progression (the way ahorse moves- walk, obstaclesfound on atrail ride are tested trot, gallop, run) event in the western horse show where a reining 11.left side ofthe horse near side horse demonstratesathletic ability and 12.right side ofthe horse off side responsivenessneeded to be asuperior who trimsand shoeshorses farrier working stock horse 14. 26.testshorse'sreining ability and cow sense working type ofactivity involving horsesthat hasto do recreation with pleasure riding and trail riding (local, cow horse regional, and national associations) 27.comesfrom an actual ranch to separate a cutting 15.type ofactivity involving horsesthat has horse specific cow from the herd competitionswhere avariety ofequine classes shows 28.atype ofactivity that'spublic in which the rodeo are found more exciting featuresofaroundup are 16. presented such bareback bronc riding, in horse showsagroup ofcompetitors class competing under the same criteriaand rules saddle bronc riding, bull riding, bull dodging against one another (steer wrestling), calfroping, and timed events 17.adivision in the English horse show where hunter 29. horsesare judged against certain requirements atype ofequestrian event consisting ofspeed gymkhana needed by fox-hunting animals; horsesshould and timed games; gamesfor horsesand riders be built to carry arider comfortably and which demandsconcentration, timing, polo handily acrosscountry and teamwork ofthe rider and the stamina 18.adivision in the horse show that isopen to any jumper and handinessofthe horse horse ofany breed, size or gender; the activity involving horseswhere foxesare fox hunting objective isto clear obstaclescleanly; style hunted from horseback with the use ofdogs and grace are irrelevant activity involving horsesthat'sdesigned to therapeutic 19.adivision in the horse show where gaited saddle- offer benefitsofriding to people with riding horsesperform at variousgaits horse disabilities; also called equine assisted 20.adivision in the horse show where horsespull harness therapy or adaptive riding; beneficial for a light vehiclesand display aflashy, high- wide variety ofcognitive, physical, and actioned pace similar to gaited horses emotional conditions Ansc 211 Exam 2: Class & Breeds Study 1. group ofhorsesselected for their common breed 18.light horse breed that wasbred in the U.S. Missouri fox ancestry and common characteristics (Missouri) to be suitable to the conditions trotter ofthe Ozark Hillsregion because ahorse 2. offspring will almost alwayspossessthe breeding that could be ridden for long periodsover characteristicsasparents true rough terrain wasneeded 3. organizationsthat track horsesbreeding true breeding 19.light horse breed that wasnamed after a Morgan or with acommon ancestry registry music teacher in Vermont and tracesback 4. how ishorse height measured? hands to one stallion: Justin Morgan 5. what isone hand (horse measurement) equal 4 inches 20.light horse breed that'sconsidered the Mustang to? "wild" horse ofNorth America(Great 6. classification ofhorsesthat are divided by light, draft, Plains) & istough, adaptable, clever: trail riding use; dependson weight/height; height pony measured in hands 21. light horse breed that excelsat racing American 7. classification ofhorsesthat refersto the hotblood, short distances; bred for all-around work; quarter horse overall temperament warmblood, considered most versatile breed in world coldblood 22.light horse breed that originated from Peruvian paso 8. classification ofhorses; only Arabiansare hotblood horsesintroduced to South Americaby the Spaniards; hasanatural preference for considered true "___"; TB considered thisbc directly descended from Arab blood lateral gait & horse'sforelegsare out to the 9. classification ofhorsesthat include heavy, coldblood side asit moves solid, strong horseswith calm 23.light horse breed that'sused for harness American racing; isthe foundation sire-messenger Standardbred temperament= draft (English TB); used to upgrade trotters& 10.classification ofhorsesthat are amixture warmblood pacers between hot and cold bloodsin blood type & temperament; "sport horses"; horse with 24.light horse breed that wasdeveloped by saddlebred some eastern blood (Arab); some say all light early 19th century settlersin Southern horses; 3 phase eventing StatesofNorth America; formerly known asthe "Kentucky Saddler" 11.classification ofhorsesthat refersto body cob type and are sturdy, placid horsesstanding 25.light horse breed that isan exceptionally Tennessee 14.2-15.2 H comfortable riding horse; hasaflat-foot walking horse walk, running walk & canter are inherited 12.classification ofhorsesthat refersto body hack 26. type and are enjoyable, good riding or light horse breed that'sthe world's thoroughbred harnesshorses supreme race horse; sensitive breed (easily excited); Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian & breed that is12-17 handshigh; 900-1400 light Godolphin Arabian- foundation sires lbs. 14. 27.light horse breed that wasoriginally bred Cleveland bay light horse breed that hasarefined head and arabian to produce afine coach horse; renowned dished profile (dished face); hasone less for itsactive pace & great stamina; vertebrate than any other breed descendsfrom horsesbred in NE England 15.light horse breed that originated in spain & Andalusian since medieval times Portugal; used for dressage, cattle work, lusitano 28.light horse breed that wasspecifically Danish mounted bull fighting developed for use in competitive sports warmblood 16. light horse breed that'salso acolor breed appaloosa such asdressage or show jumping because itsspotted (leopard, frost, marble, 29.light horse breed that are highly successful dutch snowflake, etc.); prized by the NezPerce' Indians; vertically stripped hooves, leisure & competition horsesofthe warmblood Netherlands; considered quality horse shorter/thinner mane & tail; mottled skin with avery good temperament (muzzle & genital regions) 30.light horse breed that'sone ofEurope's friesian 17.light horse breed that'sbest suited for lipizzaner oldest horses; very noble so ideal for dressage & pleasure driving/riding; has ceremonial occasions Spanish bloodlinesofAustria 31.light horse breed that'sagerman warmblood hanoverian 40.draft horse breed that'sknown asthe "Gentle belgian developed from TB's& Trakehners; noted for Giant" due to kind nature & willingnessto strength work 32.light horse breed that'sone ofthe oldest of holstein 41.draft horse breed that originated from clydesdale german warmbloods; originally prized as Scotland; very docile, elegant & exceptionally tough, active carriage horses sound 33.light horse breed that'sGermany'sheaviest oldenburg 42.draft horse breed that originated in La percheron type ofwarmblood; Count Anton Gunther Perche; known for great strength & courage Von Oldenburg played aleading role in its (war, carriage, & field horse) development 43.draft horse breed that descendsfrom the shire 34. light horse breed that'sthe closet Trakehner medieval warhorse known asthe "Great warmblood in appearance to TB; organized horse" & isEngland'smost magnificent heavy breeding started in 1732 in Prussia horse; roman nose & docile expression 35. Akhal-teke 44.draft horse breed that isBritain'soldest heavy Suffolk breed; all trace back to asingle stallion- punch "crisp'shorse ofUfford" 45. horse breed that'slessthan 14.2 hands; pony between 500-900 lbs.; temperament is dependent on the breed & individual; uses include riding & driving 46.pony breed that'sthe oldest ofBritain's exmoor mountain breed; one ofoldest breedsin the light horse breed that'sanational emblem of world; very strong & hardy Turkmenistan; characterized by a"metallic 47.pony breed that'sthe smallest ofbritish Shetland sheen" or "glow" native breeds; one ofthe strongest in the pony world, in relation to itssize; strong-willed, 36. Marwari but intelligent 48.pony breed that'sthe larger version ofthe welsh cob western mountain pony; tough, sound, pony spirited & courageous 49.pony breed from Ireland that'sconsidered connemara the best performance pony in the world 50. fjord light horse breed that hasearsturned in and pointed in/up 37.light horse breed that isthe indigenousbreed Marwari ofIndiainitially used for cavalry; descendant ofnative Indian ponieswith Arabian horses 38.light horse breed that wasthe war steed of mongolian GenghisKhan'sarmy ashe conquered the Asian continent; pony sized and pony shaped pony breed from Norway; both mane & tail but still ahorse have black hairsin the center & silver on the breed that are considered "cold draft outside bloods"; 14.2-17.2 hands; 1400+ lbs.; temperament ismuch calmer/easy going; usesinclude farming, driving, NYPD Ansc 211 Exam 2: Color and Markings Study 1. Genetically, what color are all horses? black or2.diluted horse color ofdark bay or seal brown; dun red body issooty yellow to yellow-red; dorsal strip 2. horse color: ifthe white gene isexpressed as1 pink 13.double diluted horse color ofbay; body isoff- perlino dominant and 1 recessive (Ww), what color will the white white or pearl color skin and hair be? 14.double diluted horse color ofchestnut; body is cremello 3. T/F: two dominant white (WW) colored genesare true off-white or cream lethal (die before born) color breed that'sadilution ofbay; body buckskin 4. horse color where the body istrue black & NO brown black isyellowish or gold; don't have dorsal stripe; at the muzzle or flanks- ever; mane & tail are black; mane & tail are black relatively rare; most ofthese colored horsesare really color breed that'sadilution ofchestnut; palomino registered as"day bay or brown" body islight to dark golden 5. horse color where red isessentially the base color; chestnu17.How much white doesahorse have to have in 2+ inches body isdark or brownish red; mane & tail are dark or sorrel order to be considered apaint? brownish red; may be flaxen 18. tobiano 6. horse color that'samodification ofblack; body is brown brown or black with light hairson flank, muzzle, seal eyes, tipsofearswith hintsofred hair and can be brown light or dark seal brown; mane & tail are black 7. horse color that'samodification ofblack; body can bay range from tan through red to reddish brown; dark (black) points; can be dark __, blood __, light __; mane & tail are black 8. horse color that'samixture ofwhite with any grey colored hairs; dappled; fleabitten (spots/specks); born solid, dark color, & get white with age paint horse that usually hashead markingslike asolid colored horse; regular & distinct 9. horse color that'sauniform mixture ofwhite hairs roan with other solid color; blue __, red __, bay __ markings-- round or oval patterns 19. overo color where the horse haspink skin under the white color; eye color can be brown, hazel, or blue; vary rare; look for pink skin 11. grulla paint horse that will often have abald face; tail isoften 1 color; white doesnot crossthe back; white is"splotchy" or irregular 20. tovero diluted horse color ofblack or seal brown; body is smoky or mouse-colored; black pointsusually a dorsal stripe (each hair smoky or mouse-colored; not paint horse with dark pigment around ears& amixture ofblack & white hairs); mane & tail are mouth; spotson chest and/or flank; one or black more blue eyes 21. star 25. bald horse head marking that isawhite mark on the horse head marking that isavery wide blaze forehead covering most offace & down over nostrils 22. stripe horse head marking that isnarrow white marks down the face 23. snip horse head marking that isamark between the nostrils 24. blaze horse head marking that isabroad white marks down the face, extended over the nose Ansc 211 Exam 2: Age, Weight, and Height in Horses Study online 1. 2 1/2 years When dothe 1st pair (central) 20. amount offeed What is the importance of determining permanent of incisors erupt in horses? needed, adequacy weight in horses? 2. 2; temporary and how many sets of teeth dohorses have offeeding program, potential health permanent and what are they? issues, optimal 3. 2 yearsold horse between 2-3 years old training and 4. 3 1/2 years When dothe 2nd pair (intermediates) of competing permanent incisors erupt in horses? 21. angle ofincidence refers tothe angle at which the upper 5. 4 1/2 years When dothe last pair (corners) of and lower incisors meet permanent incisors erupt in horses? 22. ascupsdisappear when dodental stars start toappear in 6. 4-5 years; At what age & where docanine teeth horses? between incisors appear? 23. baby or milk teeth what are temporary teeth also and molars referred toas? 7. 4-12 years what is the "prime" age for horses? 24. broad and flat what is the shape of surface teeth in 8. 4 inches What is 1 hand equal to? horses when they're around 3-5 years old? 9. 8 days, 8 weeks, 8 At what ages in horses dotemporary months incisors tend toerupt in pairs at (3)? 25. cups deep indentures in the center of the surfaces of young, permanent teeth 10.11 years At what age does smooth mouth 26. generally appear in horses? dental stars marks on the incisor teeth appearing first as narrow, yellow lines in front of 11.15 years At what age in horses does Galvayne's the central enamel ring, then as dark Groove extend halfway down the tooth? circles near the center of the tooth in 12.20 years At what age in horses does Galvayne's advanced aged Groove extend all the way down the 27. foal Which type of horse (adult or foal) is tooth? the following formula used tocalculate 13. 24 how many deciduous (temporary) teeth the weight of:[HG -25.1/0.007] does a horse have? 28. foal young, unweaned horse;generally, 14. 24 years what is the average lifespan of horses? one's date of birth is January 1st 15.25 years At what age in horses is Galvayne's 29. galvayne'sgroove Groove halfway gone from the tooth? 16.30 years At what age in horses does Galvayne's Groove disappear from the tooth? 17. 42 how many adult (permanent) teeth does a horse have? 18.160-180 degrees what is the angle of incidence in young horses? Which type of horse (adult or foal) is the a vertical depression which appears at following formula used tocalculate the the gum line on the surface of the weight of: upper corner incisor at 9-10 years of [HG x HG x L/330]? age 30. hands What is the measurement for height in horses? 31. height and weight What are influenced by age, breed, type, sex, and nutrition? 32. inches What are heart girth and length measured in (mm, cm, m, in, ft, yards, miles, etc.)? 33. 44. lessthan a what is the angle of incidence in older horses true T/F:Heart girth alone can be used toestimate right angle (when the incisors slant forward & outward)? body weight 34.monkey 45.weanling young horse 6 months-1 year old mouth 46.wear and How doteeth shape of horses greatly change? age 47.yearling horse between 1-2 years old underbite 35. occurrence of What are the four key changes in teeth that permanent can be used toestimate the age of horses? teeth, disappearance ofcups, angle ofincidence, shape surface ofteeth 36.on level How (procedure) are horses measured? ground from highest point ofwithersto the ground 37.oval What is the shape of surface teeth in horses when they're around 6-9 years old? 38.parrot mouth overbite 39.round What is the shape of surface teeth in horses when they're around 10-15 years? 40.smooth refers toa horse that has nocups present in mouth the permanent teeth 41.teeth what is the best way todetermine a horse's age? 42.temporary horse's set of teeth that are more refined neck where the crown and root meet at the gum line;whiter in color;more rounded & shorter 43. truck scale, What can be used/How tocalculate the weight weight tape, of a horse? formulausing heart girth and body length Ansc 211 Exam 2: Illness & First Aid Study 1. Good body condition 1-9 16.T/F: Absence ofgut soundsare more critical true useswhat kind of than excessive sounds scoring system? 17.Where at in horsesdo you check the gums, inside 2. What doesa1 on the dead or emancipated mucosal color ofmucusmembranes? lips of vulva, good body condition nostrils, scoring system mean? conjunctiva 3. what doesa9 on the obese 18.What color should the mucusmembranes pink good body condition be instead ofred or white? scoring system mean? 19.testsskin pliability by pinching the skin and dehydration 4. What are 2 scenarios late gestation;grass bellies timing how long it takesfor the skin to that may make it return to itsnormal position. Longer than 1 harder to correctly second means..... determine body condition? 5. What are the 6 areas ribs, behind shoulders, along neck, used to determine along withers, tailhead, crease down body condition? back 6. What are the signsof hair coat, hoof growth, eyes, health in horses? manure/urine, body weight 7. What do you temperature, heart rate, respiration check/look for to rate, gut sounds, mucosal color, skin recognize illnessin pliability, appetite/weight loss, horses? depression, nasal discharge, coughing, swelling, behavior 8. What isthe normal 99-101 F rectal temperature of horses? 9. How do you press fingers against artery and determine the pulse multiply 15 seconds x 4 toget beats in horses? per minute 10. heart rate= 28-40 mature beats/min 11.heart rate= 80-120 newborn beats/min 12.heart rate= 60-80 foal beats/min 13.heart rate= 40-60 yearling beats/min 14.What isthe average 8-16 respiration rate for horses(in termsof respirations/minute)? 15.How many gut 1-3 soundsdo you want to hear (in termsof sounds/minute) in horses? Ansc 211 Exam 3: Nutrition Study 1. the science ofhow the body uses nutrition 20.microorganismsthat break down fiber into VFA's nutrientsin feedsto sustain life and useable organic acids for productive purposes 21.young and/or working horsesneed more of___ NSC 2. any chemical substance in the diet nutrient and lessof___? fiber that supportsor maintainslife 22.classofnutrient that'scomposed oflong chains protein processes ofamino acids 3. What are the six classesofnutrients? water, 23.classofnutrient that'smade up ofC, H, O2, N, protein carbohydrate, fat, and S vitamins, minerals, protein 24.T/F: most people over feed protein to their true horses 4. anutrient that'srequired in the diet essential nutrient 25. 5. Which classofnutrient isthe most expensive protein What doesnutrition influence in growth, financially and metabolically? animals? reproduction, 26.What determinesthe horse'srequirementsfor age and lactation, carcass traits, general protein? activity health level 6. What islikely to suffer first from reproduction 27.functionsofthisclassofnutrient include: basic protein improper nutrition? structural unit, componentsoflean tissue, used for energy, and in the metabolism it functionsin 7. most abundant/cheapest nutrient water enzymes, protein hormones, and immune 8. sourcesofthisnutrient include: water system drinking, feedstuffs, metabolic 28.classofnutrient that providesmore energy than lipids processes carbohydratesor proteinson an equal weight 9. Approximately how much water can 10-12 gallons basis; estersoffatty acidsand glycerol; supplies horsesdrink aday? essential fatty acids 10.higher amountsofthisnutrient are water 29.How much more energy do lipidsprovide than 2.25x consumed during hard work/exercise carbohydratesor protein? and/or hot weather conditions 30.classofnutrient whose functionsinclude: lipids 11.classofnutrient that transports water energy supply; providesheat, insulation, nutrients/compounds protection; providesessential fatty acids; 12.classofnutrient that regulatesbody water necessary for the absorption ofthe fat-soluble vitamins temperature 31.thisisdigested more slowly than CHO or fat 13.classofnutrient that isasolvent for water protein, addsshine to the coat, small amounts solid components ofthisin the diet are important 14.classofnutrient that lubricatesand water 32.classofnutrient that are organic compounds; vitamins cushionsjoints needed in small amountsfor growth & 15.classofnutrient that includessugars, carbohydrates maintenance ofanimals; necessary for starch (easily digestible = NSC), metabolic reactionsin cell (coenzymesor cellulose (structural, so less prosthetic groups), cannot be synthesized digestible) within the body in sufficient amounts 16.What doesNSC stand for? non-structural carb 33.what are the two typesofvitamins? fat 17.classofnutrient that isstored as carbohydrates soluble, glycogen in animals water soluble 18.NSCssuch asthese are readily utilized sugars and starches 34.type ofvitamin that regulatesbody functions fat & provide much ofthe horse'sdietary energy such asvision, blood clotting, and tissue soluble 19. maintenance; growth ofbone development; Where are NSCsmainly digested & small intestine includesvitaminsA, D, E, K absorbed? 35.Which vitamin helpswith vision and deficiency ofthisvitamin can cause blindness? A 36.which vitamin helpswith blood clotting? K 37.which vitamin helpswith tissue maintenance? E 38.type ofvitamin that includesthe B complex vitamins& vitamin C; not stored in the body & must be replaced water each day soluble 39.classofnutrient that isobtained in sufficient amountsfrom high quality, leafy, green foragesplusplenty of vitamins sunshine 40.classofnutrient that are inorganic compounds; looked at asagroup rather than asindividual elements minerals 41.classofnutrient that are very important part ofbody'senzyme systems(Mg, Mn, Fe, Zn, P) minerals 42.classofnutrient that serve in mineral/vitamin inter-relationships(VitaE./Se; B12/ Co) minerals 43.classofnutrient that maintainsacid-base balance (Na, Cl, K) minerals 44.classofnutrient that isabalancing act between calcium and phosphorus minerals Ansc 211 Exam 3: The G.I. Tract & Nutrition Study 1. processby which the animal bringsthe prehension 20.eating offecesby horse usually due to severe coprophagy food into itsmouth by biting & grasping protein deficient diet 2. processofchewing food to mechanically mastication reduce the size offood particles 3. the mixing ofsalivawith food during salivation mastication 4. the passing offood to the stomach by deglutition peristaltic wavesofmuscle contraction 5. Where doesthe majority ofdigestion & small intestine absorption occur? 6. What are the 3 partsofthe small intestine? duodenum, jejunum, ileum 7. part ofthe small intestine where bile and duodenum pancreatic enzymesare secreted; major site ofchemical breakdown offood 8. Where doesthe majority ofdigestion duodenum occur? 9. longest part ofthe small intestine; main jejunum function isto absorb nutrientsinto the bloodstream 10.Where doesthe majority ofabsorption jejunum occur? 11.part ofthe small intestine where some ileum absorption occurs, but primarily it serves asthe connection to the large intestine 12.What are the 3 partsofthe large intestine? colon, caecum, rectum 13.function ofthisdigestive organ isto large intestine scavenge water, electrolytes, vitamins, minerals, & VFA's 14.What type ofdigestive system do horses non ruminant have? herbivore, hindgut fermenter 15. In horses, what actslikesarumen and is cecum involved with microbial digestion (fermentation)? 16.T/F: horse'sstomachsare smaller than true ruminantsso in contrast feeding ismore frequent 17. Never feed horsesmore than how many % .75 oftheir body weight at one time 18. the stomach ofhorsesfunctionsbest at 2/3 what capacity? 19.What are absorbed by horsesin their large VFAs intestine and used for energy? Ansc 211 Exam 3: Horse Behavior Study 1. What are the qualitiesofagood tempered obedient, 17.What do horseshave trouble judging visually? height, horse? intelligent, distance trainable, 18.T/F: horseshearing isvery good because they true courageous, can rotate their ears confident, calm 19.Can horseshear higher tonesthat we can't yes 2. hear? How can ahorse'stemperament be observe it, determined? ask, number'sskin isvery specialized and can cold, hot, detect.... hard, soft of previous owners, can some horsesdetect electric fencing? lip hairs handle it 22.Where are horsesmost sensitive spots mouth, 3. study ofbehavior ofanimalsin their natural ethology (touch)? feet, flanks, surroundingswith focuson innate behavior necks, 4. T/F: ethology helpsusto addressanimal true shoulders welfare issues 23.T/F: itsagood ideato use different grooming true 5. T/F: understanding animal behavior means true supplieson different areasofhorse'sbodies due to skin sensitivity safety 24. 6. Are livestock gregariousanimalsthat like to gregarious can stallionsdetect maresin estrusfrom far yes away due to agood sense ofsmell? live in herdsand socialize or do they prefer to be alone and antisocial? 25.T/F: itsagood ideato let horsessmell you and true 7. What kind hierarchy system do animals social surroundingsbefore attempting to train or have to where there isan alphaand the rest dominance use them so that they know itssafe follow? order 26.What isinvolved in obtaining food, mates, aggression, 8. Do livestock animalshave only one mate promiscuous secure place in the herd, and the "pecking social order" or "alpha" animal? structure (monogamous) or do they have multiple mates(promiscuous)? 27.Once dominance isestablished, what isdone subtle 9. Are livestock born in an advanced state and precocial to maintain that dominance? threats able to feed itselfalmost immediately 28.T/F: Social attachmentscan occur and true (precocial) or istheir development delayed become very strong and can be traumatic if (like puppiesor kittenswhen it takestwo separated so itsbest to keep attachments weeksto open their eyes)? from becoming too strong 10.are livestock able to adapt to different yes 29.type ofbehavior that involvescourtship, sexual conditions? mating, maternal behavior livestock have limited agility/docile yes 30.type ofbehavior that iscontrolled by sexual temperament? hormonesbut some islearned 12.How do horsescommunicate? visually, 31.Type ofbehavior that meansto give care or epimeletic auditory, attention touch, smell 32.Type ofbehavior that meansto signal for care et- 13.In horses, about how much istheir field of 220 degrees and attention epimeletic vision in each eye? 33.type ofbehavior that can be displayed in epimeletic 14.Where are horse'svisual blind spots? directly in several wayssuch asmutual grooming (nibble front and each other in different areaslike neck, back, behind withers, etc.); standing head to tail to swat fliesfor each other; huddle together during 15.Are horse'svision monocular (see out of monocular each eye independently) or binocular (both bad weather or danger eyesoverlap giving better depth perception 34.type ofbehavior that'sused by all age groups et- and field ofvision)? but most frequently observed when horses epimeletic 16.Since horseshave poor vision how do they raise and are separated from each other such asmares with foals& horseswith strong attachments increase their range ofvision? lower head 35. 56. rolling, standing, then grooming type ofvice in abnormal behavior that aggressive shaking isan example of includescharging, kicking, biting, bucking, which type ofbehavior striking 36.What are some waysthat contract muscles, use head, 57.type ofvice in abnormal behavior that flight horsesremove insectsand/or use tail, use includesrearing, balking, shying, halter responses flies? hindlegs/forelegs, rub on pulling, running away fixed object, scratch itself 58.type ofvice in abnormal behavior that stall with teeth includeskicking, wood chewing, cribbing, 37.How do horsesinspect their senses, movement weaving, stall walking, bolting feed, pawing, environment? tail rubbing, eating bedding/dirt 38.Ifnot allowed to investigate nervous, apprehensive how will ahorse act? 39.How often do horsesurinate? 4-6 hours 40.Where will horsesurinate? stall, trailer, same location 41.Why do some horsesprefer to ground becomes soft and urinate in the same location? doesn't splatter 42.How often do horsesdefecate? 2-3 hours 43.When doesdefecation in nervous horsesincrease? 44.Where do stallionsprefer to small area defecate? 45.Where do mares/geldings nopreference prefer to defecate? 46.When do horseslearn to copy young age other horses? 47.Ismimicry good, bad, or both both? 48.What typesofbehaviorscan playing, wind sucking, be learned from mimicry? chewing wood, becoming hard tocatch 49. What/who do horsesplay each other, objects in stall with? or pasture 50.How do horsesplay with each run, buck, toss head, chase other? 51.What kindsofobjectsdo sticks, balls, hanging objects horsesplay with whether they be in the stall or in the pasture 52.How do horsessleep? standing up 53.How long do horsesspend about 3 hours sleeping each day while standing up? 54.system oftendonsand stay apparatus ligamentsthat lock horse's legsand relax their musclesto not fall over while sleeping 55.How long do horsesspend 2 hours off and on each day lying down Ansc 211 Other Final Material: Health Management, Diseases, & Parasites Study 1. What are the 2 categoriesofdiseases? infectious, non 16.type ofother common disease that's botulism infectious also known as"shaker foal syndrome" 2. disease category that can be infectious 17.What organism causesbotulism clostridium contracted from other animalsor botulinum pathogensin the environment; 18. type ofother common disease where botulism includesparasitic, bacterial, and viral adult horsesexhibit paralysis, staggers, 3. disease category that are caused from non infectious etc environmental conditions, 19.type ofother common disease that's encephalomyelitis management, genes, or nutrition; known as"sleeping sickness" often not cured by medication 20.type ofother common disease that encephalomyelitis 4. What are 3 waysto control diseases? sanitize, isolate, causesfever, trouble seeing, staggering, clean and (WEE, EEE, VEE) 5. What are some waysto sanitize in keep flies away and 21.What doesEIA stand for? equine infectious order to control diseases? facilities clean, anemia disinfect, change 22.type ofother common disease that EIA and wash feed and water buckets causesswamp fever, viral disease, fever, frequently anemia, weight loss, and death; Cogginstest isused to detect whether 6. To control diseasesby sanitizing how daily or not the horse hasantibodiesfor it often should feed and water buckets (meansit had the disease at one point be changed out? in itslife) 7. To control diseasesby sanitizing at weekly 23.How isthe West Nile Viruscontracted? bitten by affected least how often should feed and mosquito water bucketsbe washed?


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