Medieval Art History, Exam #1 - Study Guide
Medieval Art History, Exam #1 - Study Guide ART 483, Art History
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathryn Mason on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ART 483, Art History at Fort Hays State University taught by Erica Bittel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Medieval Art History in Art at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
March 2nd amp 4th 2016 Medieval Art History Study Guide Exam 1 The exam will cover Chapter 1 An Introduction to Medieval Art Chapter 2 The Early Christian Period and Chapter 3 The Early Byzantine Period in Medieval Art Exam Breakdown 20 multiple choice questions 2 points each 6 short answer questions 5 points each 6 image identification questions 5 points each 3 pts for title 2 pts for date Terms and Ideas Old Testament Jewish foundation of the Bible New Testament Teachings of Jesus central beliefs of Christianity Gospels Matthew Mark Luke and John Provide the life and teachings of Christ Epistles St Paul s letters to the newlyformed Christian communities Acts of the Apostles documents the establishment of Christianity Book of Revelation St John s description of the Apocalypse End of earthly time Vulgate Latin translation of the Bible by St Jerome T ituli Official Christian homes where members of the faith reenacted the last super Transubstantiation When the bread and wine miraculously become the esh and blood of Christ Tetrarchy Rule of four Edict of Milan Issued by Constantine allowed for religious toleration PaX Romana Period of relative peace under Constantine Catacombs Underground cemeteries Loculi Niches carved into the walls of the catacombs Cubicula Small chambers used for funerary rituals T raditio Legis Passing down of the Law Iconographer Master of sculpture of early representational Christian art artist who is familiar with the conventions of sacred texts and turned their themes into art Clerestory A story of windows upper part of window that allows light in Apse Semicircular space for clergy and the alter Triforium Covered the space formed by the sloping roofs of the aisles Triumphal Arch Signifies the triumph of Christ over death juncture between the apse and the nave wall BaldachinoCiborium Canopy over the alter Martyria Shrines dedicated to martyrs protect the relics Ambulatory Allows worshipers to walk around the alter but at the same time would protect the relics Christian Symbolism 0 Palm Leaf victory 0 Dove Holy Spirit 0 Anchor hope 0 Cross mast of J onah s ship anchor Egyptian ankh 0 Fish fishes of men baptism 0 Peacock immortality 0 Swan grace and purity connection between heaven and earth 0 Goose find good men good sense of smell 0 Pheniox resurrection of Jesus Christ rebirth Trophy Shine commemorating victory as a martyr Old St Peter s Basilica 4th century tradional basilica style added transept Transept A hall as wide and as tall as the nave projects beyond the side isles open to clergy and pilgrims T heotokos Mother of God Oratory Small chapel used for private worship Emperor Justinian I Ruled the Eastern Empire from 527 565 was known for his extensive territorial expansion and military success along with a new synthesis of Greco Roman and Christian Culture ruled from Constantinople built the third version of Hagia Sophia Nika Riot A period of civil unrest in 532 that resulted in the burning of several important religious and imperial buildings Nika means conquer Procopius Court historian wrote On the Buildings treatise to document J ustinian s architectural efforts Anthemius and Isidorus Architects of the Hagia Sophia Pendentives Concave triangular section of Masonry goes down to the piers pillars turns circle into square Tympanum Interior at wall Christ Pantrocrater Post Crucifixion Post Resurrection triumph over death Cupola Smaller dome set atop a central or a main dome extension of the dome NartheX Entrance Presbytery Sanctuarysacred space clergy only allowed NeoPlatonism Emphasized the hierarchal of the universe Gods angels saints emperors priests regular folks mosaic tiles are tilted to shine and give a spiritual feeling Icon Greek for image or painting and during the Medieval period this meant a religious image on a wooden panel used for prayer and devotion Iconoclasm Refers to the destruction of images or hostility toward Visual representations in general Iconoclastic Controversy Images were removed from Churches subsequently destroyed a civil war putting the empire against the Orthodox Church review theories from Ch 3 Images Know the Titles amp Dates of all Images 14 Spoils from the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem relief in the passageway of the Arch of Titus ca 81 CE marble Spoils from Jerusalem brought to Rome Roman empowerment 15 Arch of Constantine 312315 CE Rome Italy 0 Taking elements and making them his own and in his own image Constantine 17 Missorium 0f Theodosius found in Estremadura Spain 388 Diameter 29 18in 74cm silver Academy of History Madrid 0 Hierarchic scale is present 21 The Good Shepherd from the Mausoleum 0f Galla Placidia ca 430 Ravenna Italy 0 Halo 0 Staff in the shape of a cross 0 Purple mantel 25 Teacher and Pupils Orant and Woman and Child Cubiculum of the Veiled Lady Catacomb of Priscilla 3rd century Rome wall painting in a lunette O From the catacombs pagan and Christian obviously praying 210 Sarcophagus ofjunius Bassus ca 359 marble Vatican O Christ handing down the law to Peter and Paul Christ is ruler over heaven and earth 217 Interior Church of Santa Costanza c 350 Rome 218 Vintaging Putti Church of Santa Costanza Mosaic in ring vault ca 350 Rome 0000 Pagan Bacchus Christian Wineblood of Christ Santa Costanza and her father were Christians Santa Costanza s husbands were pagan 225 The Crucifixion and the Suicide of Judas 420430 from Rome 0139 Southern Gaul ivory 227 Rebellion Against Moses from the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore 432440 mosaic Rome 228 Infancy of Christ from the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore 432440 mosaic Rome 33 Emperor Justinian and His Attendants from the Church of San Vitale 548 mosaic Ravenna Italy 34 Church of Hagia Sophia 532537 Constantinople modernday Istanbul 0 Interior View know artist and date 316 Holy Woman at the Tomb from the Church of Sant Apollinaire Nuovo before 526 mosaic on upper nave Ravenna Italy O condensed View 317 Sanctuary of the Church of San Vitale 548 Ravenna Italy 318 Empress Theodora and her Attendants from the Church of San Vitale 548 mosaic Ravenna Italy 319 The Transfiguration from the Church of Sant Apollinaire in Classe 549 apse mosaic Ravenna Italy O Symbolic depiction of the Transfiguration where Christ sheds his human form and transforms into Holy Christ Byzantine elements 322 The Sacrifice of Isaac from the Beth Alpha Synagogue ca 518 Galilee Israel 323 St Michael early 6th century ivory diptych right panel 0 Know 3 elements Byzantine 3 elements Greek 325 Portrait of the Author at Work with an Assistant and Inspiration from Materia Medica Constantinople 512 15X13in 381X33cm Osterreichischen Nationalbibliothek Vienna 326 Rebecca at the Well from the Vienna Genesis 6th century purple vellum 139 5 A 1 Mr Vii 328 Cruci xion and Holy Women at the Tomb from the Rabbula Gospels ca 586 vellum 329 The Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels icon 6th century encaustic painting
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