ENVIRONMENTAL SCI ESRM 100
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sallie Lind PhD on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ESRM 100 at University of Washington taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/192023/esrm-100-university-of-washington in Environmental Science and Resource Management at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
ESRM100 Autumn 2006 Questions Chapter 13 1 According to a University of Arizona professor wastes disposed of in sanitary land lls are after 40 years A almost perfectly preserved B almost completely broken down and degraded C consumed by rodents and scavengers D in various stages of decomposition 2 The United States produces 11 billion tons of solid waste each year half 50 of which is produced by A overburden from strip mines B industry C municipalities D agriculture 3 include all forms of wastes that result from residential mining agricultural commercial and industrial activities whereas a special category of wastes called are discarded materials known to be harmful to human or other life forms A Trash municipal wastes B Hazardous and toxic wastes solid wastes C Rubbish polluting wastes D Solid wastes hazardous and toxic wastes 4 operate mostly as unregulated areas where anyone can dispose of waste by simply dropping it off A Sanitary land lls B Composting facilities C Open dumps D Waste repositories 5 Until recently many cities in the United States disposed of their municipal refuse industrial waste sewage and sewage sludge into A the ocean B farm lands C waste repositories D composting facilities 6 are unregulated areas where people dispose of wastes freely whereas are regulated areas where the wastes are compacted and covered to control pollution and vermin A Sanitary land lls waste repositories B Land farms open dumps C Open dumps sanitary land lls D Waste repositories land farms ESRMlOO Autumn 2006 Questions Chapter 13 7 After the Taiwanbased Formosa Plastics Corporation paid Cambodian officials a bribe the corporation was allowed to dump toxic incinerator waste near a small coastal Cambodian village This is an example of A Boistfort dumping B Land farming C Poor political judgment D Garbage imperialism 8 In technology municipal wastes are incinerated to produce or electricity A energy recovery fertilizers B energy recovery heat C aerobic digestion methane gas D aerobic digestion fertilizers 9 While mass burning of refuse avoids the expense of sorting through garbage for unbumable materials it often causes greater problems with A soil contamination and toxic residual ash B water pollution from ef uent and increased amount of energy needed to burn materials C air pollution and corrosion of equipment D human health and safety 10 is the reprocessing of discarded materials into new useful products A Reducing B Recycling C Reusing D Recreating 11 Many recycling programs cover their own expenses with materials sales and may even bring revenue to the community A True B False 12 The United States government often sells energy water and raw materials to industries below their real costs in order to create jobs and stimulate the economy This policy tends to favor A reduction of wastes produced over recycling B recycling over extraction of new raw materials C reduction of wastes produced over use of new raw materials D extraction of new raw materials over recycling ESRM100 Autumn 2006 Questions Chapter 13 13 The end product of composting is A yard wastes or pesticide wastes B sludge C nutrient rich soil amendment D animal bedding materials 14 involves the disassemny and recycling of obsolete products in order to recover valuable materials A Openloop recycling B Closedloop recycling C Demanufacturing D Source reduction 15 One of the greatest sources of unnecessary domestic waste is A excess packaging for marketing purposes B contamination of recyclable products C demolition of affordable housing by developers D demanufacturing of obsolete consumer products 16 Which of the following is a drawback of degradable plastics A Degradable plastics only partly decompose so small pieces of plastic still remain in our environment B Degradable plastics encourages recycling C Degradable plastics decompose too quickly since they can break apart while one is using the plastic product D It increases the use ofpaper products 17 comprise the largest proportion on a weight basis of municipal solid waste in the United States A Metals B Plastics C Yard trimmings D Paper and paperboard 18 The of 1976 is a comprehensive program that requires rigorous testing and management of toxic and hazardous substances A Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA B Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act CERCLA C Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act SARA D Toxic Release Inventory ESRM100 Autumn 2006 Questions Chapter 13 4 19 Of the municipal solid waste produced in the US the percent recycled has increased from a low of 56 percent in 1960 to percent in 2000 A 10 B 278 C 605 D 90 20 Sites that qualify for the National Priority List with nancing from the federal Superfund program for clean up are considered to be especially hazardous to human health and environmental quality because they are leaking or have the potential to leak A detergents B nitrates C mutagenic materials D All of the above 21 are large areas of contaminated properties that have been abandoned or are not being used to their potential because of real or suspected pollution A Dead zones B Industrial sites C Toxic waste dumps D Brown elds 22 Several processes are available to make hazardous materials less toxic The is the process of tying up or isolating substances so they are no longer capable of moving through the environment A physical treatment of hazardous wastes B incineration of hazardous wastes C chemical processing of hazardous wastes D bioremediation of hazardous wastes 23 Several processes are available to make hazardous materials less toxic The is the process of TRANSFORMING materials so they become nontoxic A physical treatment of hazardous wastes B incineration of hazardous wastes C sedimentary cycle D chemical processing of hazardous wastes 24 The best way to store many supertoxic materials is to place them in permanent retrievable storage facilities so they can be periodically inspected and retrieved if necessary A True B False ESRMlOO Autumn 2006 Questions Chapter 13 25 Secure land lls are designed to decrease odors vermin and litter whereas sanitary land lls are designed to prevent the contents from leaking or leaching into the surrounding environment A True B False 26 Most of the materials found in our waste stream have no value for recycling A True B False 27 A method to dispose of toxic wastes is to recycle them as A roo ng materials B as storage containers for nonfood items C asphalt or concrete ller for building highways D liners for open dumps 28 In the US some farmers produce all the fuel they need to run their farms by generating anaerobically from A carbon dioxide straw wastes B methane animal manure C phosphorus crop wastes D propane straw wastes 29 Many large cities in the less industrialized countries have who function as the main recyclers of waste streams deposited in open land lls A formal garbage collectors B scavengers C urban dwellers D wealthy landowners 30 Which of the following is an example of a site that has a high potential to be contaminated with toxic chemicals A Abandoned agricultural elds B Department stores C Fire stations D Bus repair barns
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