INTRO LING THOUGHT
INTRO LING THOUGHT Ling 200
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kurtis Spencer I on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Ling 200 at University of Washington taught by Laura McGarrity in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Intro to Linguistics in Linguistics at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
LING 200 McGarrity LING 200 Midterm Study Guide Introduction linguistics descriptive vs prescriptive rules linguistic competence vs performance design features discreteness arbitrariness cultural transmission displacement interchangeability productivity examples of animal comm systems Phonetics acoustic phonetics articulatory phonetics transcription International Phonetic Alphabet IPA articulatory description consonants voicing place of articulation bilabial labiodental inter dental alveolar alveo palatal velar glottal manner of articulation stop fricative affricate nasal liquid lateral vs retro ex ap glide vocal folds glottis velum larynx pharynx oral cavity nasal cavity vowels height high mid low backness front central back tenseness tense lax roundedness rounded unrounded diphthong vs monophthong phonetic sound symbolism Phonology contrastive vs noncontrastive minimal pair phoneme allophone basic vs restricted contrastive distribution complementary distribution natural class writing a phonological rule aspiration phonotactic constraints borrowing accent Morphology morpheme mental lexicon allomorph y affix prefix suffix infix circumfix root stem content vs function morpheme free vs bound morpheme derivational vs in ectional morpheme morphological word formation processes affixation reduplication alternation suppletion compound blend clipping acronym eponym conversion morphological analysis LING 200 McGarrity smtax ungrammaticality mental grammar ambiguity lexical vs structural lexical category noun verb adj adV prep det aux constituent phrase phrasal category phrase structure rules phrase structure trees head sentence recursion conjunctioncoordination tests for constituency substitution deletion movement LING 200 Autumn 2008 McGarrity LING 200 nal Exam Study Guide for second half of course Thursday Dec 11 830am in KANE 220 Semantics lexical semantics compositional semantics referentreference sense prototype hyponymhypernym synonym antonym complementary gradable reverse converse lexical decomposition evidence for semantic features Principle of Compositionality anomaly metaphor idiom Language acguisition theories of language acquisition innateness imitation reinforcement active construction of grammar overgeneralization Universal Grammar critical period feral or neglected children Genie Isabelle stages of acquisition crying cooing vocal play babbling CV monosyllables canonical variegated one word two word telegraphic function morphemes holophrases Neurolinguistics corpus callosum contralateral control lateralization left hemisphere V right hemisphere tasks analytical V holistic processing aphasia Broca s aphasia vs Wernicke s aphasia Split brain Aphasia and ASL modalit speech production slips of the tongueproduction errors What they provide evidence for types of production errors metathesis anticipation perseveration addition deletion blend sub stitution shifts speech perception lack of invariance problem categorical perception McGurk effect Sign Language myths misconceptions iconicity visual manual modality parameters handshape location movement palm orientation use of facial expressions Sociolinguistics language variation dialect facts misconceptions dialect continuum idiolect mutual unintelligibility accent ways dialects vary factors that contribute to variation regional dialects US North Midland South West isogloss dialect leveling speech stylesregisters jargon slang style shifting standard vs nonstandard LING 200 Autumn 2008 McGarrity overt vs covert prestige hypercorrection African American English AAE William Labov s NYC r study method results conclusion gender variation Language contact and change language contact adstratum superstratum sub stratum borrowing lexical vs structural loanword calque pidgin creole bioprogram language change diachronic vs synchronic History of English periods Old Middle Modern sound change conditioned vs unconditioned morphological change proportional analogy semantic change extensions reductions elevations degradations Computational linguistics speech synthesis text to speech automatic speech recognition machine translation corpus linguistics Natural Language Processing NLP practical applications SapirWhorf hypothesis linguistic determinism vs linguistic relatiVity eVidence for against
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