Physical Geography Study Guide
Physical Geography Study Guide GEOG 101 001
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GEOG 101 001
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Julia Parenti on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 101 001 at Towson University taught by Dr. Ken Barnes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Physical Geography in Geography at Towson University.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
Physical Geography Study Guide: Questions and Answers What are the 5 themes of Geography? Location Region HumanEnvironment Relationships Place What are Earth’s 4 spheres? Movement Atmosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere List 5 kinds of natural hazards: Lithosphere Floods Earthquakes Tsunamis Wildfires Define Induction: Tropical Storms Involves reasoning from the specific to the general. Using a specific set of observations to Define Deduction: make inferences about a population Involves reasoning from the general to explain specific phenomena, processes or behaviors. List the 5 steps of the scientific method: Requires confirmation. Hypothesis Observation Analysis Procedure True/False: Systems can be open or closed. Conclusion What happens to matter & energy in systems? True With respect to materials, is the Earth an open or It is converted. closed system? What about in respect to energy? Materials: closed Is the International Date Line straight or squiggly? Energy: open How are environmental systems powered? Define Negative Feedback: Solar or Geothermal Energy Define Positive Feedback: Forces that resist changes to systems Define System Equilibrium: Forces that promote changes to systems True/False: Resilience is the ability of a system to recover from or resist change. Inputs are matched by Outputs Define Equifinality: True What are the 4 types of Scientific Models? Two means can create the same end Conceptual: describe general relationships about general components of systems. Graphic: compiles data in a pattern that readily conveys meaning such as a map. Meridian Circles form NS or EW lines? Physical: mini version of a system Numerical: consists of one or more math Parallels form NS or EW lines? equations that describe behaviour of a system. NS True/False: Meridian Circles are Great Circles. EW What is the border between day & night called? Define Latitude: True Circle of Illumination/Terminator True/False: When stating a location, the point of Latitude is stated first, before the point of Distance from the Equator (N/S) Longitude. True Define Longitude: Define Mean Solar Day: Distance from the Prime Meridian (E/W) The time interval between two successive What is it called when the sun is at its highest passages of the noon sun over a local meridian point in the sky? True/False: The earth travels at approximately 20º of longitude per hour. Solar Noon How many time zones are there? False. 15º. 24 What is the name of the temperature at which the air becomes saturated? Very Squiggly to accommodate land masses, countries, cultures etc. True/False: Foreign particles must be present in the air for condensation to occur. What happens when an air parcel expands? What happens when an air parcel compresses? Define Cartography: What is a scale? Mapmaking Define Topographic Map: Measures map distance to true distance What is the indirect observation of the earth via systems that detect and measure electromagnetic Combination of 2D/3D map energy? Remote Sensing Define GIS: True/False: The sun radiates short wave energy. Marriage of computer graphics, mapping and What kind of energy does the earth emit? database management systems True Define Transmission: Long Wave Energy Define Scattering: Pass energy, unaltered through atmosphere or Define Refraction: water What are the longest types of waves? Change direction of light movements What date is the Perihelion? Change in speed and direction of light What date is Aphelion? Gamma Rayrd January 3 Which sphere is closest to the Earth’s surface? th July 4 True/False: Weather happens in the stratosphere. Troposphere What is the amount of solar radiation striking the earth’s surface called? False. It happens in the troposphere True/False: Evaporation removes heat from local Insolation environments Define Conduction: True Define Convection: Molecule to molecule transfer Define Advection: Energy transferred by vertical movement Energy transferred by horizontal movement Cools Dew Point Warms True
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