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Notes for Quiz 1

by: Edward Avakian

Notes for Quiz 1 Soc Sci 164c

Edward Avakian
GPA 3.62

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Lectures 1-5 that will be on Quiz 1
Prison Gangs
Al Valdez
Study Guide
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This 13 page Study Guide was uploaded by Edward Avakian on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc Sci 164c at University of California - Irvine taught by Al Valdez in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 335 views. For similar materials see Prison Gangs in Social Sciences at University of California - Irvine.


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Date Created: 03/02/16
Prison Gangs 164C – Lecture 1 ­Mexican Mafia is a transnational gang ­Our country is 5% of the worlds population but has most of the drugs ­Pelican Bay (Oregon) is a maximum level 4 prison and is a symbol of administrative  segregation (22 hours of lock down) ­Shank: prison made knife ­Kester: males hiding weaponry and contraband in their rectum ­Prisons have been around for a long time in the U.S. and worldwide ­Juvenile prisons include kids under 18, in California they are considered to be  rehabilitative ­Prison life is not good ­Life of a gang member is both good and bad ­Good: protected, apart of a group ­Bad: labeled, tattoos, death by other gangs ­California has 36 state prisons ­Most Sureño’s are Mexican ­Most bloods and cribs are black ­Most skinheads are white ­Most northern Mexicans are considered Northenõs ­You DON’T have to join a prison gang ­No privacy in county jails, everyone together ­Guards work 24 hours 7 days a week ­U.S puts more people in custody per capita than any country in the world ­Cell phones are the #1 contraband found in California prisons  ­There are major security issues in California ­Gassing: phiculmater and urine used to spray it on ones face (gang members to guards,  or other gang members) ­Kite: hidden messages, rolled up papers ­Overcrowding is a problem – a lot of gangs ­Spit hood: blocks spitting from prisoners ­Pruno: home made prison wine ­Prison life is not easy especially in other countries ­The longer in prison the more tattoos you tend to get ­Russian prison tattoos explain their gangster hood on their body, it is not like regular  tattoos to say what gang you are from, it is just your resume, your story for Russian  members. ­Stars on shoulders for Russians makes them “leaders” ­Russia claimed that they had 100% literacy, that everyone’s smart ­Most Russian gang members are smart, with MD degrees at times ­Sureno: southerner, blue ­Northeno: northerner, red ­For Mexicans in California its cut by North and South ­Prison tattoos: part of the prison culture, have a specific meaning, important to the  person who wears it, unique picture language for all types. Prison Gangs 2 nd lecture 01/07/2016 ▯ Pruno ▯ Kites  Secret messages written on small pieces of paper  Efficient method of communication ▯ SHU  Security housing unit ▯ CDC  California department of corrections  Separates by gang affiliation, not by race ▯ Cellphone number one contraband ▯ Drugs easy to get in prison ▯ ▯ Review  City/County jail o County jail = released = probation o You can spend a maximum of one year in county jail o Fined up to $5,000  State prison o State prison = released = parole o Fined up to $10,000  Federal prison o Easier than state prison  Probation county jail misd and low felony o If you’re released from county jail, you have a probation officer  Parole state prisons, felonies  There is also Federal probation and parole  Do not assume they don’t have something that will hurt you ▯ ▯ A Clear & Present Danger  Mexican Mafia + Aryan Brotherhood (EME + AB) = allies in prison  Black Guerilla Family (BGF) (most political gang in prison; want to overthrow US government) + Nuestra Familia (NF) (Northern Mexicans in our state)  Gang members and affiliates threaten, terrorize, and commit a multitude of offenses against departmental staff, peace officers, and other offenders  **Prison gangs are less than 10% of population and account for 90% of prison violence ▯ ▯ Prison gangs vs disruptive groups  For CDC = gang forms in prison = prison gang  Disruptive = any gang ▯ No insult ever goes unanswered in a gang culture ▯ ▯ Welcome, carnal/carnales ▯ Mexican Mafia = mariposa (butterfly) ▯ ▯ La señora = formal title for women ▯ ▯ Drugs, money, power ▯ ▯ Wolfgang’s theory  A small percentage of the population accounts for a disproportional amount of the time..  In the general population 18%  Street gangs 10% ▯ ▯ Prisons  Salvaging redeemable offenders  What would be needed to redeem an offender?  State prisons are running at full capacity  What do/ can we do about it? ▯ ▯ Gang membership is a form of survival ▯ ▯ SocSci 164c 4 lecture th 01/14/2016 ▯ Review  4 major prison gangs o EME (Mexican Mafia ; Sureños)  Mexicans hate Blacks  AB + EME o AB (Aryan Brotherhood)  NLR  PENI Skins  Skinheads  Adopted “Doc Martin boots”  Boot parties = beating people up by kicking them with steel-toe boots  SHARPS (exception)  There is a type of skinhead called SHARPS = Skin Heads Against Racial Prejudice  Do not belong to Aryan Brotherhood  Anti-skinheads o BGF (Black Guerilla Family ; Bloods/crips) o NF (Nortenos)  BGF + NF ▯ Majority of street gangs in Southern California are Sureño ▯ ▯ Definition Prison gang – gang that forms in prison ▯ ▯ Definition Disruptive group – ▯ ▯ Aryan brotherhood is a prison gang (true) ▯ Mexican mafia is a prison gang ▯ ▯ Wolfgang’s Theory (social disruptive theory) – a very small percentage of the population accounts for a disproportionate amount of the crime  Same holds true for prison and street gangs  90% of all prison violence associated with prison gangs ▯ ▯ Three major movements in prison reform:  Punishment  Rehabilitation  Prevention ▯ ▯ The laws st  Hammurabi Code (1 code to codify law)  Code of Draco (Greeks) refers to the concept of public good  Focus on the rights of individuals in US, rights of the public in other countries ▯ ▯ Concept of Free Will  You are responsible for your own actions  You make a choice, there is a consequence ▯ ▯ Punishment for crimes is supposed to be a deterrent ▯ ▯ Two types of punishment  Capital punishment = death!  Corporal punishment = any physical pain except death o Can be in the form of torture  Often matched with crime  Liars’ tongues cut of  Thieves’ hands cut of ▯ ▯ Punishments  Ducking stool o Flogging o Canning, or as shown the Skull Crusher  Stocks  Pinchers o Put on legs to rip knees of or to break a bone o You are not born to inflict this type of pain to anyone; you have to be trained  The Grill o Hot embers and burn your butt  The sweatbox o Stick butt in there and burn you  The Bird Cage Prisoners were suspended until they confessed  The pillory ▯ ▯ Rules  Why is there a necessity of prison rules and practices? o To protect / punish inmates and to control the behaviors of those who work and guard them ▯ ▯ What about the mentally ill in prison?  If someone is not mentally capable, he cannot be prosecuted  Put him into an institution instead until he is capable of being prosecuted ▯ ▯ Is it legal to force a patient to take medicine for mental illness? ▯ ▯ Gang Rivalries  Rules help control behaviors to minimize violence ▯ ▯ There are no female prison gangs in the country ▯ ▯ 6 correctional officers are assaulted every day ▯ ▯ Honduras  Concept of the “standard of human decency” for in custody treatment  Federal government help change this standards, yet with the over sight there is still issues  1995 Honduran prison  WSX8 = Westside 18 street th ▯ ▯ American gangs do not use graffiti ▯ ▯ Concept of the “standard of human decency” for in custody treatment  State  Federal  International ▯ ▯ Inmates  Have certain rights  Prison have rules  Court oversees everything ▯ ▯ You will react the way you train ▯ ▯ SocSci 164c 5 lecture th 01/19/2016 ▯ Punishments in prison meant to be a deterrent but are often not  For example, death penalty in California  Punishment has to fit the standard of human decency  Cannot force mentally ill prisoners to take meds ▯ ▯ PRO Officer  Primary Response Officer  Kind of like swat officer ▯ ▯ Being under the influence does not excuse any crime committed  Consent is required, but consent cannot be given when under the influence ▯ ▯ Probation = out of county jail = usually for misdemeanor or very low level felonies ▯ ▯ Parole = prison = felony and above  Formal = report at certain time; show proof that you’re actively enrolled in school or looking for a job; check in every week  Informal = do not report to the office; fill out a paper once a month and send to parole officer  When you are on parole, you lose all rights to privacy; parole officers do not need a search warrant  Sometimes you are required to wear an ankle bracelet to monitor you; make you pay for them ▯ ▯ Probation is administered by hundreds of separate agencies with a variety of multiple meanings  1.7% of the nation’s adults are on probation  African American and Hispanics comprise almost half of probationers ▯ ▯ *Money buys justice ▯ ▯ Revocation  Court can revoke probation and re-sentence  Court can consider mental competence and order a mental health examination  Bench warrant can be issued when offender cannot be found ▯ ▯ FTA  Failure to appear (did not show up to court; get a warrant out for you) ▯ FTP  Failure to pay (a ticket) ▯ ▯ Sense of smell is the strongest trigger ▯ ▯ Organization and role of the probation agency  Wide variety of systems: county, state  Role is viewed as a dichotomy o Societal protection o Counseling and rehabilitation o Supervising officers are left to their own devices… at best, a balancing act ▯ ▯ La señora = Spanish for Mrs. ▯ ▯ The decision to grant probation  The presentence investigation report evaluates the offender’s background  May recommend probation  Plan of supervision ▯ ▯ Probation is likely when the bulk of the evidence is that the offender:  Is basically pro-social and committed first crime  Good education – work histories  Married with dependents ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ SocSci 164c 3 lecture rd 01/16/2016 ▯ Lecture 3 ▯ ▯ -EME+AB ▯ -NF+BGF (Nuestra Family) ▯ -For prison gangs blood oath ▯ -Not time for street gangs ▯ -Street, prison, outlaw motorcycles gangs ▯ -If you want to leave a gang, you can by debriefing ▯ -Debriefing=say everything you know to the correctional officials ▯ -But you need to put into protective custody ▯ -Or else they will hit you (murder you) ▯ -If you’re a policeman and go to prison – you get put into PC ▯ -Open targets  1)Gang dropouts 2)Police officers 3)Child molester and rapists ▯ -By minimizing the activity with the gang can make you leave it ▯ -Its hard to leave a community gang, because if you bounce you are a threat ▯ -By killing a rapist or whatever, you become noticed by gangs and respected ▯ -Jura: police in gang slang ▯ -First violation felons make is truancy: wasting lives, feelings of failure ▯ -Mexican mafia used the Aztec method, kamikaze hits, Aztec warrior mentality ▯ -Research says, the countries that have the strictest gun laws, have the most gun violence ▯ -The threat of violence makes them more violent, because they’re scared/worried ▯ -2010, estimate of people in custody was low ▯ -In 2015, now 2.3 million (25% are non-violent drug users and abusers) in U.S. ▯ -The U.S puts more people in custody per capita than any other country in the world ▯ -Most Americans don’t care about crime until it affects them and family, that’s why this stuff perpetuates ▯ -There are no female prison gangs ▯ -Old School ▯ -From the 1800s to present corrections has made changes in operating ideologies ▯ -Punishment ▯ -Rehabilitation ▯ -Prevention ▯ -Because of money Prevention and Rehab go away, so prisons now based on punishment ▯ -Laws are codified (written) RULES with consequences, to control societies behaviors ▯ -Mones and Eolkways are unwritten laws, things we know we have to do ▯ -Back in the day you got fined, banished, tortured ▯ -Modern time you get solitary confinement (23 hours in the cell), misdemeanor, felony ▯ -Justice should be blind ▯ -The punishment should fit the crime ▯ -Redness of wrongs: Retaliation, blood feud, and vendetta ▯ -In tribal customs its an exchange of money, or of property ▯ -Atonement, Lex Salica (payment for wrongs) rank or social status plays a role, still in use in some Middle-Eastern countries ▯ -The Hammurabi Code was the FIRST comprehensive attempt at “codifying laws” ▯ -The Code of Draco: concept of public good more important than individual injury or vengeance ▯ ▯ ▯


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