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Notes for Quiz 2

by: Edward Avakian

Notes for Quiz 2 Soc Sci 164c

Edward Avakian
GPA 3.62

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Lectures 6-8 that will be on Quiz 2
Prison Gangs
Al Valdez
Study Guide
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This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Edward Avakian on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc Sci 164c at University of California - Irvine taught by Al Valdez in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 115 views. For similar materials see Prison Gangs in Social Sciences at University of California - Irvine.


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Date Created: 03/02/16
SocSci 164c 6 lecture th 01/26/2016 ▯ Fabian worked for Homeboy Industries ▯ ▯ Listen to Fabian’s story  Fabian Montes  Born in El Paso, Texas, grew up in LA  6 brothers all involved in gangs  immigrants that grew up in Mexico  worked in violence, trauma and healing  Joined a gang when he was 12 (he’s 43); started getting out when he was 26  He wanted to do bad things, sell drugs, meet girls, etc.  Gang members don’t join the gang just because they want to  Came from a dysfunctional family; very abusive father (heroine addict)  Goals when he joined a gang: o Go to prison o Die  Got arrested at age 11; friends stole a car, he didn’t know how to drive but he took it; picked up another friend; took turns driving to East LA  Put on probation (probation from age 12-18)  Didn’t get sentenced to juvenile prison; kept getting placed on probation  His breakfast when going to high school was a line of cocaine  He would usually sleep in the back; ditch classes except for PE  He’s a poet also o “Poetry’s Heart’s Work” o His whole life story in a poem o Thought it was gong to be a love story; ended up being life story  He’s the second oldest brother out of 6  Works in violence, trauma, and healing  Prison = modern-day slavery st  1 few prison gangs were created in the 40s = AB, BGF, EME, NF  all about protection and power  correctional officers don’t control the prisons  People in prisons want to change, if given the opportunity  Gangs are a symptom of something else; we look at gangs as the problem, not the symptom  Lack of education, poverty, racism, no opportunity, hopelessness = problems that generates the symptom which is gangs  Used to work at Homeboy Industries o Created by Father Boyle o Dedicated his life to change gang members’ lives o Started as a job developer; tell gang members to be on time, respect, work and to tell jobs to hire the gang members o Job training to know how to work  Most gang members are kids who are traumatized or abused; grow up in age but not mentally  Courtesy flush = flush the toilet because it stinks in prison; they bring that home with them and still have the mentality to keep flushing  Give gang members hope and opportunity = try to help them change  Most gang members are imprisoned because of drugs, not violence  1 time gang members went to the White House was Eazy-E nd  2 time was due to Homeboy Industries  Being a gang member is an addiction that if you want to stop, it’s hard to stop  He almost got his mother killed, he got shot and got stabbed at a young age but that still didn’t make him change  He changed because he got tired of being tired of being tired of being tired of being tired o Tired of carrying a gun, being harassed by police, tired of dressing a certain way, tired of living that lifestyle  Power without love equals abuse  If you treat someone with respect, they will respond  You have to be open-minded when dealing with gang members; can’t judge people by the way they look  You can’t judge a person unless you walk a mile in their shoes  You can change with hope and you can change with help  Without love, you can’t transform your life ▯ ▯ SocSci 164c 7 lecture (eLecture) 01/26/2016 ▯ Risk assessments  Level of service inventory-revised (LSI-R)  Includes but not limited to o Criminal history o Financial history o Companions o Alcohol/drug issues  The more involvement you have in these four categories, the less likelihood you’re going to have a chance at getting probation and a greater risk at going to jail  Recidivism – reoffending  You want to have a low LSI score; if you have a lower score, that means you have a lower chance of reoffending  If you have a higher LSI score, you have a greater chance to reoffend and be mandated in custody  41+ LSI score is 80% chance of recidivism  0-13 LSI score is 10% chance of recidivism ▯ Intermediate sanctions ▯ Less intense punishments  Fine, restitution, day fine, community service, day attendance center ▯ Next level  Probation ▯ ▯ Low level = fine, intermediate = probation, above probation is intensive probation, where you report to your officer weekly, next is house arrest, then electronic monitoring ▯ ▯ House arrest = stay in home ▯ ▯ Electronic monitoring = 100 feet away from home ▯ ▯ Split sentence = jail weekends only (jail certain hours of the day) ▯ ▯ Jail = usually county jail; 1 year or less ▯ ▯ People who should go to state prison sometimes go to county jail to serve their sentence of 2 years or more due to overcrowding ▯ ▯ State prison sentence is the worst ▯ ▯ Know this order for the quiz:  Levels of punishment o Lowest level = fine o Next highest = community service o Next = probation o Above that = house arrest o Next = split sentence o Next = county jail o Last = state prison (most intrusive) ▯ ▯ Prison = highest level of punishment you can get in our state ▯ ▯ Fine = lowest level of punishment ▯ ▯ Anything less than jail and prison is considered an intermediate sanction ▯ ▯ Intermediate sanctions are used to help decrease jail and prison populations ▯ ▯ Intermediate sanctions are also known as alternative sentencing ▯ ▯ Processing of offenders in corrections has become a risk management strategy ▯ ▯ Risk management determines the level of punishment ▯ ▯ Restitution order = pay back person or court ▯ ▯ Shock probation = boot camp programs; not enough programs to really help people ▯ ▯ A lot of the baby boomers are reaching into their 60s  With age, comes problems ▯ ▯ Alex Bennett video = inmate; Kentucky state penitentiary  Embodied a typical convict  Spent 33 years behind bars for armed robbery, kidnapping, and murder  He wanted privacy and killed his cellmate  Took a knife and stabbed his cellmate 3-4 times till he was dead and butchered him  He has nothing to lose  This is the reason why prisons have rules  Alex is what we call a “lifer”  Killing his cellmate didn’t do anything to his sentence except he got placed him back to where he wanted in a single man cell  From the outsiders, it would appear that Alex was calm and cool, but Alex was winding up to do an assault ▯ ▯ Review  SHU = Security Housing Unit  23 hours / day, very little human contact  Psychologically can change an inmate  Prison gangs can have a direct influence of street gangs  SHU = pretty close to solitary confinement  Juvenile SHU’s have been outlawed as of January 2016 ▯ ▯ Standard of Human Decency = prisoners have some rights; came about in the 1900s ▯ ▯ Standard of Human Decency is influenced by court decisions ▯ ▯ Standard of human decency has to do with how you physically treat an inmate ▯ ▯ Courts over see the prison rules ▯ ▯ Three mitigating factors decrease LSI score:  The individual’s first offense  Nice solid family/child responsibilities  Education level ▯ ▯ Custody abuse video  She kicked shoe out of the door and resulted in two cops physically beating the crap out of her (a teenager) ▯ ▯ Custodial abuse happens and the way you measure it is by the standard of human decency ▯ ▯ If the DA’s office were to look at this case in the video and declare abuse, the cops would be charged with a crime ▯ ▯ War on Drugs  About one quarter of all US inmates are non-violent drug abusers and users  Even with alternative sentencing/intermediate sanctions, the War on Drugs has put a lot of people in jail  Ecstasy video: o Fox undercover report: people who take ecstasy think there is no harm o Natasha taken 40 times in last 6 months o When you take ecstasy, you get really hot o Most popular places to find it are at raves and clubs o Drug enhances the light o The hug drug/love drug = ecstasy o Builds up empathy o Universal sign for ecstasy = butterfly o Sell for $20-$50 a pill o Biggest US bust = 700 pounds worth 30 million dollars o Most ecstasy is manufactured in Belgium or Netherlands o There is no research that ecstasy forms brain damage  E = Ecstasy  Universal symbol for ecstasy = butterfly = same symbol for Mexican Mafia = mariposa (Spanish for butterfly)  Universal symbol for ecstasy and the Mexican Mafia = butterfly  Ecstasy acts like a hallucinogen and a central nervous system stimulant  Wearing the Vick’s vaporub masks and/or being close to speakers gives users sensation  Tactile sensations are increased  E is called the hug drug; feels good; feels better than the normal hug  Grinding of the teeth = wear pacifiers; called buckcism  Majority of E is manufactured outside of the United States  Trick question on quiz: Santa Barbara case = chemical grad students were manufacturing E at their house at a rate of making $100k a day; $700k a week ▯ ▯ Population change  US puts more people away in jail than any country in the world  Rate of incarceration in selected countries o USA then Russia, Canada, France, Australia, and Japan  We spend more than $60 billion dollars a year putting people in jail, and we still have a problem  Guns may be the problem = weapon of choice on the street  United States is #1 in the world for deaths caused by gun violence  US leads the world in firearm exportation  US leads the world in gun ownership  Countries with strictest gun laws have the most gun violence  According to the FBI, guns are involved in over 92% of all gang related deaths ▯ ▯ California prison gangs  There are four major prison gangs in the state and three smaller ones  This means they are a total of 7 recognized prison gangs in California ▯ ▯ 4 major  Aryan Brotherhood / AB  Black Guerrilla Family / BGF  Mexican Mafia / EME  Nuestra Familia / NF ▯ ▯ 3 smaller  Northern Structure / NS or NR o Recognized prison gang  Texas Syndicate / TS o Texas Syndicate was formed in Texas, not in California o Huge gang in Texas corrections system  Nazi Low Rider / NLR ▯ ▯ Mexican Mafia (EME)  Nicknames = butterfly/mariposa, the tip, Los Famosos (the Famous Ones), EME, la cliqa (the clique)  Symbols = black hand, 13, eagle with snake, tattoo = two bars with three dots above it (Mayan and Aztec symbol for 13); each bar represents 5, each dot represents 1  Leadership structure = horizontal  Alliances = AB, NLR  Street gang associations = Sureño  Color = blue, black  California’s first prison gang formed by 13 different Hispanic inmates from East LA  You have to be asked to join  Model was the Italian Mafia; they controlled the dock areas in NY  A stolen pair of shoes and the death of a Mexican Mafia inmate member solidified the rivalries between the Norteños and Sureños  To rise to power, you learn to create fear and respect based on fear; personal ruthlessness  The activities Boxer was involved in, he became a leader  Mexican Mafia does not have vertical leadership  EME aligns with the AB; the alliance is fragile  Mexican Mafia will work with Nazi Low Riders  Sureños = referring to all Mexican street gang members from Bakersfield south  Norteños = referring to all Mexican street gang members from Bakersfield north  You have to kill an average of three people to become a Mexican Mafia member  Art Romo o only Mexican Mafia member who didn’t have to kill anybody because of his tremendous dope connections o Also known as the first Mexican Mafia member to legally admit the existence of the prison gang  Informal ranks o Carnal de palabra (leader) = shot caller o Carnal = regular member / brother o Camarada = Sureños in prison and out of prison who are trusted workers for Eme; street gang member  Hoop = another term for keister stashing  Aztec = western Word for Mexica (Meshica)  Boxer Enriquez = our guest lecturer  Atzlan = mystical city where there were 7 tribes; myth of how Mexico started; a hummingbird led them  Nobody knows where Atzlan is; there are no undocumented immigrants ▯ Aryan Brotherhood (AB)  Nicknames =  Symbols =  Leadership structure =  Alliances = EME, NLR  Street gang associations = NLR, PENI  Color = White, red, black ▯ Black Guerrilla Family (BGF)  Nicknames =  Symbols =  Leadership structure =  Alliances = NF  Street gang associations =  Color = ▯ Nuestra Familia (NF)  Nicknames = NF, Ene  Symbols = 14, two bars with four dots (Mayan number for 14), sombrero/dagger  Leadership structure = vertical; formal titles and ranks (general, captain, etc.)  Alliances = BGF  Street gang associations = Norteño  Color = red  Formed after the theft of a pair of shoes  Started the shoe wars ▯ ▯ Review  Abuse in prison happens  There are drugs in prison, according to prisoners drugs are easier to get in the prison than on the streets  Prison abuse can be physical, psychological, and emotional  Ecstasy video, female driving, effects of the drug is like meth and LSD combined  Users can wear masks with vix vapor rub  Inhibitions go away  Known as the hug drug  Butterfly universal symbol of those who sell it  Uses the Sureños as soldiers ▯ ▯ SocSci 164c 8 lecture th 02/02/2016 ▯ We have Sureño migration north, but no Norteño migration south ▯ ▯ Norteños do migrate to the east, but not the south ▯ ▯ If you give someone the “stink eye,” and they give it back, that is a nonverbal sign that something might go down ▯ ▯ Communication is key ▯ ▯ Devin Hawk = guy who got a lot of information about EME from a member ▯ ▯ Mongols vs EME  Mongols are an OMG (outlaw motorcycle gang)  Conflict between Mongols and EME  90% of all 18 streeters who joined Mongols left to stop the war between Mongols and EME  Mexican Mafia (EME) is a transnational gang  Arrest of peter “Sana” Ojeda (Sana means frog)  Jacket: Top Rocker (Who they are), club patch, bottom rocker (let’s you know where they’re from) ▯ ▯ House cleaning – term used to punish offending street gang members that are associated ▯ ▯ Hard candy – death sentence ▯ ▯ Rules that prison gangs abide by = do not kill children ▯ ▯ LA Eme is present in Orange County ▯ ▯ La señora = formal title for ladies who help out with stuff who are married ▯ ▯ Inmates can go “pro per”  They can represent themselves legally in a criminal case  Act as your own lawyer  You can subpoena anyone ▯ ▯ Eme controls 60,000 plus sureño in So Cal ▯ ▯ Review  Stay in the car – you’re in good grace  Tax free – not paying Eme tax  Green light gang Lowell Street ▯ ▯ Communicate in jail and prisons with mail ▯ History and Rise of La Eme  Created in 1956  Nickname of la eme: La cliqa (the clique) ▯ ▯ Review  Power for Eme comes from use of violence and ruthlessness  Major mid level distributor and dealer of drugs in so cal  Art Romo – only Eme member who did not have to kill to get in; used dope connection to get in  Plata o Plomo – “silver or lead” ▯ ▯ ▯


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