Notes for Quiz 2
Notes for Quiz 2 Soc Sci 164c
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This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Edward Avakian on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc Sci 164c at University of California - Irvine taught by Al Valdez in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 115 views. For similar materials see Prison Gangs in Social Sciences at University of California - Irvine.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
SocSci 164c 6 lecture th 01/26/2016 ▯ Fabian worked for Homeboy Industries ▯ ▯ Listen to Fabian’s story Fabian Montes Born in El Paso, Texas, grew up in LA 6 brothers all involved in gangs immigrants that grew up in Mexico worked in violence, trauma and healing Joined a gang when he was 12 (he’s 43); started getting out when he was 26 He wanted to do bad things, sell drugs, meet girls, etc. Gang members don’t join the gang just because they want to Came from a dysfunctional family; very abusive father (heroine addict) Goals when he joined a gang: o Go to prison o Die Got arrested at age 11; friends stole a car, he didn’t know how to drive but he took it; picked up another friend; took turns driving to East LA Put on probation (probation from age 12-18) Didn’t get sentenced to juvenile prison; kept getting placed on probation His breakfast when going to high school was a line of cocaine He would usually sleep in the back; ditch classes except for PE He’s a poet also o “Poetry’s Heart’s Work” o His whole life story in a poem o Thought it was gong to be a love story; ended up being life story He’s the second oldest brother out of 6 Works in violence, trauma, and healing Prison = modern-day slavery st 1 few prison gangs were created in the 40s = AB, BGF, EME, NF all about protection and power correctional officers don’t control the prisons People in prisons want to change, if given the opportunity Gangs are a symptom of something else; we look at gangs as the problem, not the symptom Lack of education, poverty, racism, no opportunity, hopelessness = problems that generates the symptom which is gangs Used to work at Homeboy Industries o Created by Father Boyle o Dedicated his life to change gang members’ lives o Started as a job developer; tell gang members to be on time, respect, work and to tell jobs to hire the gang members o Job training to know how to work Most gang members are kids who are traumatized or abused; grow up in age but not mentally Courtesy flush = flush the toilet because it stinks in prison; they bring that home with them and still have the mentality to keep flushing Give gang members hope and opportunity = try to help them change Most gang members are imprisoned because of drugs, not violence 1 time gang members went to the White House was Eazy-E nd 2 time was due to Homeboy Industries Being a gang member is an addiction that if you want to stop, it’s hard to stop He almost got his mother killed, he got shot and got stabbed at a young age but that still didn’t make him change He changed because he got tired of being tired of being tired of being tired of being tired o Tired of carrying a gun, being harassed by police, tired of dressing a certain way, tired of living that lifestyle Power without love equals abuse If you treat someone with respect, they will respond You have to be open-minded when dealing with gang members; can’t judge people by the way they look You can’t judge a person unless you walk a mile in their shoes You can change with hope and you can change with help Without love, you can’t transform your life ▯ ▯ SocSci 164c 7 lecture (eLecture) 01/26/2016 ▯ Risk assessments Level of service inventory-revised (LSI-R) Includes but not limited to o Criminal history o Financial history o Companions o Alcohol/drug issues The more involvement you have in these four categories, the less likelihood you’re going to have a chance at getting probation and a greater risk at going to jail Recidivism – reoffending You want to have a low LSI score; if you have a lower score, that means you have a lower chance of reoffending If you have a higher LSI score, you have a greater chance to reoffend and be mandated in custody 41+ LSI score is 80% chance of recidivism 0-13 LSI score is 10% chance of recidivism ▯ Intermediate sanctions ▯ Less intense punishments Fine, restitution, day fine, community service, day attendance center ▯ Next level Probation ▯ ▯ Low level = fine, intermediate = probation, above probation is intensive probation, where you report to your officer weekly, next is house arrest, then electronic monitoring ▯ ▯ House arrest = stay in home ▯ ▯ Electronic monitoring = 100 feet away from home ▯ ▯ Split sentence = jail weekends only (jail certain hours of the day) ▯ ▯ Jail = usually county jail; 1 year or less ▯ ▯ People who should go to state prison sometimes go to county jail to serve their sentence of 2 years or more due to overcrowding ▯ ▯ State prison sentence is the worst ▯ ▯ Know this order for the quiz: Levels of punishment o Lowest level = fine o Next highest = community service o Next = probation o Above that = house arrest o Next = split sentence o Next = county jail o Last = state prison (most intrusive) ▯ ▯ Prison = highest level of punishment you can get in our state ▯ ▯ Fine = lowest level of punishment ▯ ▯ Anything less than jail and prison is considered an intermediate sanction ▯ ▯ Intermediate sanctions are used to help decrease jail and prison populations ▯ ▯ Intermediate sanctions are also known as alternative sentencing ▯ ▯ Processing of offenders in corrections has become a risk management strategy ▯ ▯ Risk management determines the level of punishment ▯ ▯ Restitution order = pay back person or court ▯ ▯ Shock probation = boot camp programs; not enough programs to really help people ▯ ▯ A lot of the baby boomers are reaching into their 60s With age, comes problems ▯ ▯ Alex Bennett video = inmate; Kentucky state penitentiary Embodied a typical convict Spent 33 years behind bars for armed robbery, kidnapping, and murder He wanted privacy and killed his cellmate Took a knife and stabbed his cellmate 3-4 times till he was dead and butchered him He has nothing to lose This is the reason why prisons have rules Alex is what we call a “lifer” Killing his cellmate didn’t do anything to his sentence except he got placed him back to where he wanted in a single man cell From the outsiders, it would appear that Alex was calm and cool, but Alex was winding up to do an assault ▯ ▯ Review SHU = Security Housing Unit 23 hours / day, very little human contact Psychologically can change an inmate Prison gangs can have a direct influence of street gangs SHU = pretty close to solitary confinement Juvenile SHU’s have been outlawed as of January 2016 ▯ ▯ Standard of Human Decency = prisoners have some rights; came about in the 1900s ▯ ▯ Standard of Human Decency is influenced by court decisions ▯ ▯ Standard of human decency has to do with how you physically treat an inmate ▯ ▯ Courts over see the prison rules ▯ ▯ Three mitigating factors decrease LSI score: The individual’s first offense Nice solid family/child responsibilities Education level ▯ ▯ Custody abuse video She kicked shoe out of the door and resulted in two cops physically beating the crap out of her (a teenager) ▯ ▯ Custodial abuse happens and the way you measure it is by the standard of human decency ▯ ▯ If the DA’s office were to look at this case in the video and declare abuse, the cops would be charged with a crime ▯ ▯ War on Drugs About one quarter of all US inmates are non-violent drug abusers and users Even with alternative sentencing/intermediate sanctions, the War on Drugs has put a lot of people in jail Ecstasy video: o Fox undercover report: people who take ecstasy think there is no harm o Natasha taken 40 times in last 6 months o When you take ecstasy, you get really hot o Most popular places to find it are at raves and clubs o Drug enhances the light o The hug drug/love drug = ecstasy o Builds up empathy o Universal sign for ecstasy = butterfly o Sell for $20-$50 a pill o Biggest US bust = 700 pounds worth 30 million dollars o Most ecstasy is manufactured in Belgium or Netherlands o There is no research that ecstasy forms brain damage E = Ecstasy Universal symbol for ecstasy = butterfly = same symbol for Mexican Mafia = mariposa (Spanish for butterfly) Universal symbol for ecstasy and the Mexican Mafia = butterfly Ecstasy acts like a hallucinogen and a central nervous system stimulant Wearing the Vick’s vaporub masks and/or being close to speakers gives users sensation Tactile sensations are increased E is called the hug drug; feels good; feels better than the normal hug Grinding of the teeth = wear pacifiers; called buckcism Majority of E is manufactured outside of the United States Trick question on quiz: Santa Barbara case = chemical grad students were manufacturing E at their house at a rate of making $100k a day; $700k a week ▯ ▯ Population change US puts more people away in jail than any country in the world Rate of incarceration in selected countries o USA then Russia, Canada, France, Australia, and Japan We spend more than $60 billion dollars a year putting people in jail, and we still have a problem Guns may be the problem = weapon of choice on the street United States is #1 in the world for deaths caused by gun violence US leads the world in firearm exportation US leads the world in gun ownership Countries with strictest gun laws have the most gun violence According to the FBI, guns are involved in over 92% of all gang related deaths ▯ ▯ California prison gangs There are four major prison gangs in the state and three smaller ones This means they are a total of 7 recognized prison gangs in California ▯ ▯ 4 major Aryan Brotherhood / AB Black Guerrilla Family / BGF Mexican Mafia / EME Nuestra Familia / NF ▯ ▯ 3 smaller Northern Structure / NS or NR o Recognized prison gang Texas Syndicate / TS o Texas Syndicate was formed in Texas, not in California o Huge gang in Texas corrections system Nazi Low Rider / NLR ▯ ▯ Mexican Mafia (EME) Nicknames = butterfly/mariposa, the tip, Los Famosos (the Famous Ones), EME, la cliqa (the clique) Symbols = black hand, 13, eagle with snake, tattoo = two bars with three dots above it (Mayan and Aztec symbol for 13); each bar represents 5, each dot represents 1 Leadership structure = horizontal Alliances = AB, NLR Street gang associations = Sureño Color = blue, black California’s first prison gang formed by 13 different Hispanic inmates from East LA You have to be asked to join Model was the Italian Mafia; they controlled the dock areas in NY A stolen pair of shoes and the death of a Mexican Mafia inmate member solidified the rivalries between the Norteños and Sureños To rise to power, you learn to create fear and respect based on fear; personal ruthlessness The activities Boxer was involved in, he became a leader Mexican Mafia does not have vertical leadership EME aligns with the AB; the alliance is fragile Mexican Mafia will work with Nazi Low Riders Sureños = referring to all Mexican street gang members from Bakersfield south Norteños = referring to all Mexican street gang members from Bakersfield north You have to kill an average of three people to become a Mexican Mafia member Art Romo o only Mexican Mafia member who didn’t have to kill anybody because of his tremendous dope connections o Also known as the first Mexican Mafia member to legally admit the existence of the prison gang Informal ranks o Carnal de palabra (leader) = shot caller o Carnal = regular member / brother o Camarada = Sureños in prison and out of prison who are trusted workers for Eme; street gang member Hoop = another term for keister stashing Aztec = western Word for Mexica (Meshica) Boxer Enriquez = our guest lecturer Atzlan = mystical city where there were 7 tribes; myth of how Mexico started; a hummingbird led them Nobody knows where Atzlan is; there are no undocumented immigrants ▯ Aryan Brotherhood (AB) Nicknames = Symbols = Leadership structure = Alliances = EME, NLR Street gang associations = NLR, PENI Color = White, red, black ▯ Black Guerrilla Family (BGF) Nicknames = Symbols = Leadership structure = Alliances = NF Street gang associations = Color = ▯ Nuestra Familia (NF) Nicknames = NF, Ene Symbols = 14, two bars with four dots (Mayan number for 14), sombrero/dagger Leadership structure = vertical; formal titles and ranks (general, captain, etc.) Alliances = BGF Street gang associations = Norteño Color = red Formed after the theft of a pair of shoes Started the shoe wars ▯ ▯ Review Abuse in prison happens There are drugs in prison, according to prisoners drugs are easier to get in the prison than on the streets Prison abuse can be physical, psychological, and emotional Ecstasy video, female driving, effects of the drug is like meth and LSD combined Users can wear masks with vix vapor rub Inhibitions go away Known as the hug drug Butterfly universal symbol of those who sell it Uses the Sureños as soldiers ▯ ▯ SocSci 164c 8 lecture th 02/02/2016 ▯ We have Sureño migration north, but no Norteño migration south ▯ ▯ Norteños do migrate to the east, but not the south ▯ ▯ If you give someone the “stink eye,” and they give it back, that is a nonverbal sign that something might go down ▯ ▯ Communication is key ▯ ▯ Devin Hawk = guy who got a lot of information about EME from a member ▯ ▯ Mongols vs EME Mongols are an OMG (outlaw motorcycle gang) Conflict between Mongols and EME 90% of all 18 streeters who joined Mongols left to stop the war between Mongols and EME Mexican Mafia (EME) is a transnational gang Arrest of peter “Sana” Ojeda (Sana means frog) Jacket: Top Rocker (Who they are), club patch, bottom rocker (let’s you know where they’re from) ▯ ▯ House cleaning – term used to punish offending street gang members that are associated ▯ ▯ Hard candy – death sentence ▯ ▯ Rules that prison gangs abide by = do not kill children ▯ ▯ LA Eme is present in Orange County ▯ ▯ La señora = formal title for ladies who help out with stuff who are married ▯ ▯ Inmates can go “pro per” They can represent themselves legally in a criminal case Act as your own lawyer You can subpoena anyone ▯ ▯ Eme controls 60,000 plus sureño in So Cal ▯ ▯ Review Stay in the car – you’re in good grace Tax free – not paying Eme tax Green light gang Lowell Street ▯ ▯ Communicate in jail and prisons with mail ▯ History and Rise of La Eme Created in 1956 Nickname of la eme: La cliqa (the clique) ▯ ▯ Review Power for Eme comes from use of violence and ruthlessness Major mid level distributor and dealer of drugs in so cal Art Romo – only Eme member who did not have to kill to get in; used dope connection to get in Plata o Plomo – “silver or lead” ▯ ▯ ▯
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