ENG 107 Midterm Study Guide
ENG 107 Midterm Study Guide ENG 107-001
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Maddi Caudill on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENG 107-001 at University of Kentucky taught by Michael W. Carter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 106 views.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
Midterm Study Guide • Chapters 2-9 • Recognize what a image is ---> appealing to the senses of a person • Difference between abstractions and generalizations in creating an image • Difference between a thought and an image • Generalizations would be "its cold in February" opposed to "it was 22 degrees below zero in 1963" (concrete detail) • Appeal to our head and our heart, our mind and our emotion g oD f o e l u •R ---> not going to be anymore speciﬁc than that • Difference between showing and telling • Identify bold face terms in book Consist of 2 parts: 1. 2 questions that you respond to in a few sentences (page or less) • Titles of chapters 2-5 • Ask to describe how these things help develop a piece of creative work • Items are compared 1. 35 terms/words/phrases • Asked to deﬁne, describe, or give example ________________________________________________________________ Desire/Yearning • Image • Voice • Action t h g u o h•T • Telling (interpret) • Conﬂict ________________________________________________________________________ Image • Concrete details • Figurative language Voice • Persona (narrator) • Irony • Characters voice • Pov/person Character • Desire action • Image conﬂict • Discovery/decision Setting • World of story • Camera (lens/eye) • Mood/symbol • Action ________________________________________________________________ 5 Major Tropes • Metonymy: in which one thing is represented by another thing in association with it, as in all the crowns of Europe (where crowns stands for kings) • Synecdoche: in which a part for the whole, as in all hands on deck (where deck stands for men) • Personiﬁcation: in which human characteristics are bestowed on anything nonhuman, as in the breathing city of gentle breeze • Metaphor: a comparison as in the woman is a rose ----> presents us with a comparison that also conveys an abstraction or a judgment • Simile: a comparison as in the woman is like a rose ________________________________________________________________ • Difference between Story/plot • How Beginnings are made/ effective • Scene/summary • Backstory/ﬂashback • Text/subtext Subtext ---> necessary result and cost of civilization -- if everyone went around saying what they meant all the time, there would be fewer friends and a lot more pain- but it offers a glorious opportunity for art • Trying to mean more than you say • What remains unstated Text ---> what is directly stated Backstory ---> new term that started out in ﬁlm meaning prequel but has come to refer to any information about the past - whatever has occurred before the plot begins is necessary to make the story coherent • Information can be revealed in dialogue, or in characters thoughts, or in the narrative itself Flashback ---> when the narrative actually travels back from its current action to depict the past in scenes • Also a borrowed term from ﬁlm Summary ---> covers a relatively long period of time in relatively short compass • Useful device to give info, ﬁll in characters background, let us understand a motive, alter pace, create a transition, leap moments or years Scene ---> deals at length with a relatively short period of time Story ---> everything the reader needs to know to make coherent sense of the plot Plot ---> particular portion of the story the author chooses to present- the "present tense" of the narrative ________________________________________________________________________ Image: when a writer uses language to stimulate our five senses- touch, taste, smell, sight, and sound. Voice: an authors individual writing style or point of view. There is both an authors voice and a characters voice. Character: people created by the author that are a part of the story. Static Character: is one that does not undergo inner changes or undergoes a little change. Round Character: a complex personality. Like real people, he/she has depth in his feelings and passions. Characterization: a literary device that is used step by step in literature to highlight and explain the details about a character in a story. Flat Character: a type of character in fiction that does not change too much from the start of the narrative to its end. Flat characters are often said not to have any emotional depths. External Conflict: struggle that takes place between the main character and some outside forces. Therefore, it is outside the body of the protagonist. Usually, it occurs when the protagonist struggles against the antagonist, a character that opposes the protagonist in the main body of the story. Other types of external conflicts could also arise due to some other factors such as the forces of nature, and society in which the protagonist lives. Soliloquy: a popular literary device often used in drama to reveal the innermost thoughts of a character. It is a great technique used to convey the progress of action of the play by means of expressing a character’s thoughts about a certain character or past, present or upcoming event while talking to himself without acknowledging the presence of any other person. Archetype: In literature, an archetype is a typical character, an action or a situation that seems to represent such universal patterns of human nature. Protagonist: is the central character or leading figure in poetry, narrative, novel or any other story. A protagonist is sometimes called a “hero” by the audience or readers. Setting: environment in which a story takes place Interpretation: an explanation of the authors meaning Knowledge : what the author knows without having to try (ex. How they feel) Abstract Details: ideas and concepts but no physical referent Concrete Details: refers to objects that are available to the senses Diction: combination of vocabulary, the words chosen, and syntax, the order in which they are used), can impart particularly to a poem or prose, just as tone and pitch and timbre make up a particular voice Persona: a mask adopted by the author, which may be a public manifestation of the authors self, or a distorted or partial version of that self, or a fictional, historical, or mythological character. Verbal irony: the device by which we say one thing but mean another Dramatic irony: the mainly theatrical device by which the audience has crucial information the characters do not Cosmic irony: our perception of the human condition, in which our efforts are thwarted, often by our best intentions
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