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Introduction to Journalism Midterm Review

by: Emma Lea

Introduction to Journalism Midterm Review 53-1011

Marketplace > Columbia College Chicago > Journalism and Mass Communications > 53-1011 > Introduction to Journalism Midterm Review
Emma Lea


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About this Document

In this review, we will review everything we have learned so far. This includes direct quotes, a journalist's first obligation, AP Style and more! Happy studying!
Intro to Journalism
Curtis Lawerence
Study Guide
introduction to journalism, journalism, midterm, review, direct quotes, AP style
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emma Lea on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 53-1011 at Columbia College Chicago taught by Curtis Lawerence in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see Intro to Journalism in Journalism and Mass Communications at Columbia College Chicago.


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Date Created: 03/02/16
Introduction to Journalism Midterm Study Guide What is Journalism? Journalism is the spread of news ­ The First Amendment states to protect “the freedom of speech” which is what journalism  falls under ­ Just because we have that power, doesn’t mean we abuse it Principals of Journalism: ­ First obligation is to the truth ­ It’s first loyalty is to citizens ­ Discipline of verification ­ Maintain independence (ie, no bias) ­ Must be independent  ­ Forum for public critic and compromise ­ Strives to be interesting and relevant ­ News must be kept comprehensive and proportional ­ Journalists must be allowed to practice as they choose ­ Citizens have rights to the news AP Style:  Numbers: ­ 1­9 are spelled out (one, two, etc) and 10+ are written out ­ Ages are ALWAYS numerals (Ryan Adams is 18) or stylized as Ryan Adams is 18­ years­old (DASHSES are needed) ­ Percentages are spelled out (27 percent of people responded)  Months:  ­ ABBREVIETED, NO MATTER WHAT (capitalize first letter, end with period) o Aug. o Sep. o Oct. o Nov. o Dec. o Jan. o Feb.  ­ NEVER ABBREVIETE, SPELL OUT (capitalize first letter) o March o April o May o June o July ­ The one exception to this rule is if you are talking about a month in the past tense, for  example: “Ryan Adams, last October ran his fastest mile,” always spell out  Addresses:  ­ With exact numerals to an address, abbreviate Avenue, Street, etc with a period and with  NSEW before the street name  ­ Example: 875 N. Jones St ­ If there are no specific numerals, spell out the street name ­ Example: Jones Street  Spelling: ­ Use common, English spelling according to the stylebook ­ Example: color/colour, attorney/attourney  ­ ALWAYS CHECK, ALWAYS CHECK FOR CORRECT SPELLING The Missouri Group Book: Attribution ­ Always use past tense “said” when attributing quotes ­ Example: “My hamsters are named Biscuit and Gus Gus,” Mya Green said ­ Identify the pronoun before “said” when it’s just the pronoun on it’s own ­ If you are attaching a title and or age, put the “said” before the identification ­ Example: “My hamsters are named Biscuit and Gus Gus,” said Mya Green, 19, a student  at Columbia College Chicago Types of Lead (a simple, clear statement consisting of the first paragraph or two of news story)  ­ Hard Lead: hard hitting, all the important information first ­ Soft Lead: using the idea of story to grab the readers attention ­ Delayed­Identification Lead: If the person is not relevant to the story, leave name out of  the lead ­ Immediate Identification Lead: one of the most important facts is the “who”  ­ Summary Lead: several important elements to give a general idea of the story ­ You Lead: gives the reader a reason to care ­ Multiple Element Lead: many themes in to work more information into a paragraph Inverted Pyramid: a writing structure that puts the important details in the first paragraph of a  story ­ The Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How Key Elements to A Story ­ Proximity (distance, closeness)  ­ Prominence (how relevant/who is involved) ­ Novelty (out of the ordinary) ­ Impact (the affect of the story/large or small) ­ Conflict (who/what will have emotions) ­ Timeliness (when/talk ability) ­ Emotion (how does it reader feel) What are faultlines? Faultlines are different angles to change the story ­ Examples: o Race o Gender o Sexuality o Generation o Geography o Religion o Disability/Ability ­ Make sure they are correct ­ Helps journalists remain objective ­ Gives you a better story in the end  Interviewing checklist? An interviewing checklist is something a journalist should have to make  sure that they complete every interview ­ Example: o Always record/write everything with permission o Get correct spelling either during or after interview o Always fact check your sources ­ When you write a story, you should have a primary source and a secondary source o Primary: The person who is being interviewed o Secondary: a database with numbers and figures ­ What are direct and indirect quotes? o Direct: exact words that the interviewee states o Indirect: when your paraphrase your quotes ­ Use of a multiple quote: o “I like to eat bananas and oranges every morning,” Mary Edwards said, “It fills  me up until lunch.”  o Always place the attribution before the second quote ­ Quotes with vulgarity? o Depending on the editor, use only if it is necessary to the story


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