Art 10 Final Study Guide
Art 10 Final Study Guide Art 10
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This 17 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth P. on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Art 10 at University of California - Davis taught by Annabeth Rosen in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
Art 10 Final Harlem Renaissance, Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, cultural change, influx of African American artists into Harlem, New York Norman Lewis: HR artist, subtle commentary, used black and white metaphor, first major African American abstract expressionist Thorton Dial: used appropriated trash, was a selftaught artist, proved that artists didn’t have to be elite Romare Bearden: grew up in the South, moved to Harlem, family was deeply involved in the political upheaval, depicted the African American life Lowry Stokes Sims: curator of Museum of Arts and Design, exposed art to the public, specialist in modern and contemporary art and is known for her particular expertise in the work of African, Latino, Native and Asian American artists Thelma Golden: curator of the Studio Museum in Harlem, grew up in New York, was known for her support and championship of emerging artists, created commission programs, mostly worked with African American artists, worked at the Whitney, wanted to strengthen the museums global presence, wanted to see cultural change Robert Colescott: American figurative painter who worked with racial and sexual stereotypes, was satirical and conveyed bitter reflections on being African American, different take on Washington crossing the Delaware Kara Walker: worked with themes of race, gender, sexuality, violence and identity, teaches at Rutgers, from Stockton, panoramic freezes of cut, paper shilloutes, black figures against a white wall, master and slave, portrays anger, A Subtlety sugar is white but molasses is dark Carrie Mae Weems: black and white photography, installation with words, moved to SF from east coast, family, gender roles, racism, sexism, political systems, class, intimacies of daily life Chris Ofili: lots of protest, sexual historical references to create idiosyncratic, unique works to celebrate black culture and criticize society Holy Virgin Mary Jean Michel Basquiat: graffiti artist, Samo, pop art, materials and techniques with uninhibitted and precise intent, tension between opposing forces, expression and knowledge, control and spontanteity, savagery and wit, vanity and primvitsim, Race, culture, society Yves Klein: blue paint, Klein blue, used extra bodies to paint with, part of Neo Dada movement and performance art, French, “life itself is art”, liked the idea of monotone and minimalism, “ the sky is my art”, people were living brushes Joseph Beuys: “I love America and America loves me” German performance artist, locked himself in a room with coyote, humanism, social philosophy, scultpture could shape society and politics, thought humanity was trying to eliminate emotions, impossibility of explaining art Carolee Schneeman: female body is a place of treasures, brought feminism into the art world, empowerment, female sensuality, political and personal liberation, rise of feminism, the “goddess”, used to be a mirror of masculine desire, celebration of flesh as material, female body parts equated to intellect, birth passage, ecstasy, transformation, females no longer the model or subject but the art themselves, people reacted in shock, took place in galleries not theatres Gilbert and George: performance art duo, “singing sculpture”, regarded themselves as living sculptures, everything they did was art, never strayed from their identities Gutai: use their bodies as tools, relationship between body and time and space, central to Japan in reaction to ww2, post war Japanese reconstruction, freedom of expression, paintings became performances Rebecca Horn: drew with pencils attached to her limbs, experience the world differently, was a sculptor but got sick so she changed materials, wanted to change peoples relationship to the world and to space Linda Montano: tied herself to a man for a year, video work, boundary between art and life, life altering ceremonies, her work is critical in the development of video by, for and about women, is starkly autobiographical and concerned with the personal and spiritual transformation Zang Huang: New York performance artist and painter, let people write all over his face, people still in the lake, existential and social commentaries Paul McCarthy: twisted Disney characters, mess created by humans and interest in everyday activities, critical of hypocrisy, oppression and double standards, body as a paintbrush and canvas, fluids as paint, transgressive, violated societal norms, psycho sexual events to test emotional limits, Disney icons into nightmares, criticizes the mythic/great male artist role William Pope L: “Trinket” Big American flag, NYC, Broadway, money, fame, dreams vs. despair and desperation, “The great white way” crawled 22 miles of Broadway in a superman costume, racism still exists Kazuo Ohno: Butoh dancing: silent dance, departure from western style dance, pain through the body, white make up, slow hypercontrolled movements, extreme human condition, performed in intense environments likes caves or cemetaries, on all 4’s, animal like, most basic form Martin Puryear: exquisite craftsmen working with wood, very famous wood sculptor, “ladder for booker T Washington”, devotion to traditional craft, wanted to challenge the physical and poetic boundaries of his materials Judith Shea: clay, manequins all dressed the same, figurative sculptor, creates empty clothing forms that suggest figures are not there Mona Hatoum: separated from family in Lebanon war, emphasizing pain, a description of the body, as a commentary on politics and gender as she explores the dangers and confines of the domestic world, can also be interpreted through the concept of space Doris Salcedo: chairs, tables, tables stacked against each other with grass growing out of it, big crack on floor of museum, similar to Mona Hatoum Viola Frey: enormous ceramic figures, always in a battle, who’s in charge, focus on power, iconic business man or elderly woman, voice of authority, show male vulnerability David Hockney: “splash” took polaroids, made collages, important contributor to the pop art movement, wanted to explore the nature of gay love, uses synesthetic colors in response to music stimuli Phillip Guston: helped lead a transition from abstract expressionism to neo expressionism in favor of more cartoonish renderings of various personal symbols and objects, his work was figurative and representational Ed Ruscha: painter, photographer, printmaker, also part of the pop are movement, put words over different backgrounds, from Oklahoma, moved to LA, similar to David Hockney Joan Brown: American figure painter, part of the Bay Area Figurative movement, combined bright color, cartoonish drawings and personal symbolism, later worked with Egyptian and Hindu influences and made sculptures Alice Neel: didn’t get recognized until late in her life, painted realism, often depicted friends, family, lovers, poets and strangers, her paintings are noted for their expressionistic use of line and color as well as emotional intensity, is called one of the greatest portrait artists of the 20 century Dana Schutz: well known for “faceeater”, American artist who lives and works in Brooklyn, known for her humourous and gestural paintings that take on specific subjects or narrative situations, (people who eat themselves, imaginary births, public and private performances) Jenny Saville: large scale depictions of nude women, works in Oxford, England, does traditional figure paintings, high caliber brush strokes and patches of oil, flesh colored tones Lisa Yuskavage: accentuates woman’s figure in erotic way, historical techniques, paradoxical canvases, has shaped her own cartoonish version of the female naked body, fictional subjects and landscapes Mickalene Thomas: best known for her elaborate paintings composed of rhinestones, acrylic and enamel, introduces a new and complex version of what it is to be female, strays from traditional definitions of beauty Lucien Frued: British, usually with his dog, a description of the body, as a commentary on politics,  and on gender and difference as she explores the dangers and confines of the domestic world. Her work can also be interpreted through the concept of space as her sculpture and installation work depend on the viewer to inhabit the surrounding space to complete the effect Wangechi Mutu: from Brooklyn does lots of collages, one of the most important contemporary African American artists, At the center of it she often places a performing or posed figure and uses this as a means to focus the eye and to unlock dialogue about perception in both personal and political realms. She's primarily interested in how identity pivots around a kind of social contract that can only be broken through personal and political reinvention and a rewriting of the codes that have been used to represent us. Her work proposes the need for a multipleconsciousness and an awareness of identity as performance to be able to remake the rules that bind our imagination. Alex Katz: His paintings are defined by their flatness of colour and form, their economy of line, and their cool but seductive emotional detachment Joyce Pensato: big, brash, bold canvases of Batman, Bart Simpson and other popcultural totems, which have become instantly recognizable, actually are not simply the byproduct of some advanced style fad. In fact, her current and fourth solo at New York’s Petzel Gallery, open until March 28, features the caricature motifs she’s been working in since as long as she can remember (as well a surrealist Popculture series of photographs she’s just beginning to explore). Though Pensato has been drawing her whole lifetime, her tale is one of a personal journey of selfexpression and finding her own unbeaten path — Julian Schnabel: broken up ceramics used in paintings Nam Jun Paik: TV’s, media, video art, combine expressive capacity and conceptual power with the new technological possibilites and with moving images, treats film and media as flexible and dynamic multitextual art forms Bill Viola: video art, water, fire, intense transcendental experiences, video artist, “The Dreamers” , artistic expression depends upon electronic, sound, and image technology in New Media. His  works focus on the ideas behind fundamental human experiences such as birth, death and aspects of consciousness.  Henrique Oliviera: plywood, uses recycled materials, heritage, environment, engineering feats that give his works a life like quality, they emerge from the walls of the gallery, takes discarded wood and gives it life again Jessica Stockholder: kitchen stuff, Her works "challenge boundaries, blurring the distinction among painting, sculpture and environment, and even breaching gallery walls by extending beyond windows and doors".  Tara Donovan: ceiling fixtures, works with every day objects, sitespecific installation art that utilizes everyday materials whose form is in keeping with generative art. Rachel Whiteread: ghosthouse, filled a house with concrete and took out the walls, produces sculptures, which typically take the form ofcasts. She was the first woman to win the annual Turner Prize in 1993.  Chiharu Shiota: ropes, knots, piano, Mostly renown for her vast, roomspanning webs of threads or hoses, she links abstract networks with concrete everyday objects such as keys, windows, dresses, shoes, boats and suitcases. Besides installation works, she frequently collaborates with   choreographers and composers such as Toshio Hosokawa, Sasha Waltz and Stefan Goldmann for opera, concert and dance projects . Cy Twombly: abstract expressionist, known for distinctive approach to painting that is inspired by ancient history and geography, Greek and Roman mythology and poetry Katarina Grosse: employs electrifying sprayed acrylic colors to create largescale sculptural environments and smaller landscape, interested in the shifts of scale between 'imagining big' while being small in relationship to one's surroundings, explores the dynamic interplay between observing the world and simply being in it Elizabeth Murray: big cartoonish cut outs, evoking human characteristics, personalities, or pure  feeling through an interaction of nonurative shapes, colour and lines. She is particularly noted for her shaped canvaspaintings. Mary Heilman: furniture, usually covered in patterns, paintings attached to each othefinds inspiration in the saturated colors of TV cartoons such as "The Simpsons." Her compositions are often hybrid spatial environments that juxtapose two and threedimensional renderings in a single frame Mary Weatherford: LED lights, neon light streaks through her work, her paintings are about mortality, Mary Weatherford turns to the Californian landscape as her muse, translating its bright and moody colors, tangled vegetation, and weathered coastline licked by the changing sea into expressively painted abstract and representational compositions. These scenes serve as vehicles for her explorations of form, space, and color, and as triggers for transcendental experiences and emotions. She works with paint on canvas, occasionally incorporating neon tubing, starfish, and shells into her compositions. Fiona Rey: beautiful work, British, added small animals and flowers, was inspired by nature and the enviornment
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