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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jaleesa Holmes on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 310 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Jacqueline C. Shin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Learning in Psychlogy at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
Learning Study Guide Necessary Vocab Words Central Nervous System CNS many of the events responsible for learning and memory take place 0 CNS is made up of the brain and spinal cord Peripheral Nervous System PNS consists of nerve fibers that carry information from sensory receptors into the CNS and then carry instructions from the CNS back out to the muscle and organs Neurons building blocks of the nervous system 0 Act as sensory receptors 0 Act as motor fibers 0 Centralized in the brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI changes in magnetic fields generate images internal structures Diffusion Tensor Imaging DTI measures the diffusion of water in brain tissue permitting bundles of axons throughout the brain the White matter Will be imaged 0 Axon transmit information to other neurons Neuropsvchologv the branch of psychology that deals With relation between bran functions ajnd behavior 0 Examines the functioning of patients With specific types of brain damage Habituation decrease in the strength or occurrence of a behavior after repeated exposure to the stimulus that produces the behavior Perceptual Learning a learning in which repeated experiences With a set of stimuli makes those stimuli easier to distinguish Priming prior exposure to a stimuli can lead to a sense of familiarity the next time that stimuli is observed 0 Even When it does not lead to a sense of familiarity it can affects the response to the stimuli Classical gPavlovianz conditioning an animal learns that one stimuli predicts an upcoming important event Episodic Memorv memory for a specific autobiographical event 0 EX Your graduation ceremony Semantic Memory memories for facts and general knowledge about the world 0 EX personal information your name or favorite food Consolidation Period a time window during which new memories are vulnerable and easily lost Medial Temporal Lobes the inner or medial surfaces of the temporal lobes with contains the hippocampus 0 Hippocampus important for learning new information about facts Anterograde Amnesia a severe loss of the ability to form new episodic and semantic memories 0 EX Henry Molaison HM HM was having constant seizures Doctors decided to remove his medial temporal lobe bilaterally Skill Memory similar to memory for events and facts but also possess some unique qualities 0 Cannot always be verbalized 0 Memory may be acquired and retrieved without conscious awareness Implicit Learning learning that occurs without the learner s awareness of improvements in performance Serial Reaction Time Task an experimental task that requires individuals to press keys in specific sequences on the basis of cues provided by a computer 0 Used to study implicit learning Parkinson s Disease a disorder resulting from disruptions in the normal functioning of the basal ganglia and progressive deterioration of motor control and perceptual motor skills learning Shortterm Memorv a temporary memory that is maintained through active rehearsal Working Memory the active maintenance and manipulation of shortterm memory Phonological Loop an auditory memory maintained by internal subvocal speech rehearsal Visuospatial Sketchpad the component of Baddeley s model of working memory that hold visual and spatial images for manipulation Executive Function the manipulation of working memory though the updating of stored information to facilitate goals planning task switching stimuli selection and response inhibition PreFrontal Cortex the most anterior fast forward section of the frontal lobes 0 Critical for working memory and executive control Wisconsin Card Sorting Test a neuropsychological test of quotsetshiftingquot 0 The ability to display exibility in the face of changing schedules of reinforcement Parts of the brain Frontal Lobe the front of the head 0 Motor Parietal Lobe at the top of the head 0 Somatosensory Temporal Lobe at the side of the head 0 Audition Occipital Lobe at the back of the head 0 Vision Cerebellum contributes to coordination of movement and important for learning that involves physical actions 0 Sitting behind and slightly below the cerebral cortex 0 Cerebral Cortex tissue covering the top and sides of the brain in most vertebrates Brainstem a collection of structures connecting the brain to the spinal cord 0 At the base of the brain 0 Plays a key role in regulation of automatic functions Ex Breathing regulation of body temperature Sensory Pathways Sensory information enters the brain through the thalamus gtgt cortical regions process particular sensory stimuli Ex Primary auditory cortex for sound A1 temporal Primary somatosensory cortex sensations from the skin and internal organs S1 Parietal Primary visual cortex for sight V1 occipital Collectively called primary sensory cortices Transmit output to surrounding cortical regions for further processing Motor Control Pathways Processes sensory inputs EX Primary motor cortex generates coordinated movements M1 frontal Brainstem sends instructions down the spinal cord to activate motor fibers Other important inputs comes from the basal ganglia cerebellum O Basal ganglia a group of structures important for planning and producing skill movements Creates high level plan actions
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