Exam 1 Study Guide/ Practice Test
Exam 1 Study Guide/ Practice Test POLI 1090 - 006
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POLI 1090 - 006
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Crystal Boutwell on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to POLI 1090 - 006 at Auburn University taught by Regina M. Moorer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 714 views. For similar materials see American Government in Multicultural World in Political Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
American Government in a multicultural world Exam 1 Study Guide Compiled by Crystal Boutwell 1 A Chapter One An autocracy exists when a The government is controlled by a single individual b The government is controlled by a small but powerful group of people c The constitution of a government is followed strictly d The government is controlled by one dominant religious group e Citizens play a significant part in government by electing key public officials 2 Government can best be defined as the a Institutions and procedures by which a territory and its people are ruled b Set of political principles and values that guide political life c Legalized theft of citizens property d Invisible hand that turns private interest into public goods e Shared set of values beliefs and attitudes that people have about policies To the ancient Greeks citizenship meant a Voting b Holding office c Military service d Patriotism e Political engagement The belief that citizens can in uence what government does is called a Political efficacy b Political saliency c Popular sovereignty d Autocracy e Oligarchy What is the principal difference between an autocracy and an oligarchy a The responsiveness to public opinion 9906 The number of people in charge The level of wealth of the rulers International diplomatic recognition The strength of the military The willingness to be restrained by the power of social institutions but not political or legal institutions is a hallmark of a n regime a b c d C a b c d e Totalitarian Authoritarian Democratic Oligarchic Monarchic A government that is formally limited by laws and rules is called Democratic Constitutional Oligarchic Authoritarian Totalitarian 8 Direct democracy is best defined as a A state of continual revolution b The system of government run by one person c A system that allows citizens to vote directly for laws and policies d The competition between interest groups for governmental power e A system that allows citizens to elect representatives who play a significant role in governmental decision making 9 described politics as who gets what when and how a James Madison b Abraham Lincoln c Franklin Roosevelt d Harold Lasswell e John Locke 10 The struggle of competing interest groups for governmental in uence is called a 9909 Pluralism Direct action politics Direct democracy Oligarchy Grassroots mobilization B Chapter Two 1 Shay s Rebellion was an attempt to a Prevent the state of Massachusetts from foreclosing on the lands of debtridden farmers b Invade New England by royalists from Canada c Overthrow the federal government under the Articles of Confederation d Bring a Georgian slave revolt to Virginia e Force the British government to rescind the Tea Act 2 During the Philadelphia Convention the New Jersey Plan was supported by a Less populous states b Slaveholding states c Free states d Urban states e Southern states 3 The Virginia plan of the Philadelphia convention proposed a system of representation in the national legislature that was based upon a Equal representation between the states b The concept of universal suffrage c The population of each state or the proportion of each state s revenue contribution or both d The geographical size of a state e The strength of each state s militia 4 The issue of representation which threatened to cause the Philadelphia Convention to fail was resolved by the a New Jersey plan b Connecticut Compromise c Pennsylvania Compromise d Delaware Deal e Virginia plan 5 Which of the following is true about the Articles of Confederation a There were no federal courts b There was a supreme court at the federal level c There was an executive council of three people d Congress did not have the power to tax e Federal law superseded state law 6 Which of the following statements best describes the motivations of the Founders in writing the US Constitution The founders primary goal was to devise a system consistent with the dominant philosophical and moral principles of the day while also promoting commerce and protecting private property from radical state legislatures The founders primary goal was to devise a system that would lead to their own personal enrichment The founders primary goal was to devise a system of direct democracy that maximized popular sovereignty The founders primary goal was to devise a system that concentrated authority in one branch of government The founders primary goal was to devise a system that ended slavery 7 Bicameralism is a constitutional principle that means the division of a b National government into two branches The powers of the executive branch between two individual the president and the vice president The powers of the executive branch between two individuals the head of state and the head of government Congress into two chambers The federal court system into two levels the Supreme Court and the appellate courts 8 The system of shared powers divided between a central government and the states is called a 9900 The electoral college Federalism Statism Checks and balances The separation of powers 9 The supremacy clause a States that Congress is the most powerful branch of government Establishes that no branch of government is supreme over others Announces that the Constitution and all laws under it are superior to any state laws Announces that state laws are superior to any federal laws Declares that no European powers shall interfere in North America 10 The federalists believed that the most apparent source of tyranny was 9999 The king of Great Britain The popular majority The northern merchants George Washington The landowning elite C Chapter Three 1 Which term describes the sharing of powers between the national government and the state government a b c d e Which amendment to the Constitution stated that the powers not Home rule Separation of powers Federalism Checks and balances Unitary system delegated to the national government or prohibited to the states were reserved to the states a b c d e First amendment Fifth amendment Tenth amendment Fourteenth amendment Twentysixth amendment 3 A state government s authority to regulate the health safety and morals of its citizens is frequently referred to as a b c d e The reserved power The police power The expressed power The concurrent power The implied power 4 Which constitutional clause has been central in debates over gay and lesbian marriage because it requires that states normally honor the public acts and judicial decisions of other states a snap Privileges and immunities clause Necessary and proper clause Interstate commerce clause Preemption clause Full faith and credit clause 5 Many states have amended their constitutions to guarantee that large cities will have the authority to manage local affairs without interference from state government This power is called a snap Home rule Devolution Preemption States rights New federalism 6 The relationship between the states and the national government from 1789 to 1937 is known as a b c d e Unitary government New federalism Dual federalism Cooperative federalism Regulated federalism 7 In which case did the Supreme Court create the potential for increased national power by ruling that Congress could use the necessary and proper clause to interpret its delegated powers broadly a b c d e United States v Lopez Printz v United States Marbury v Madison McCulloch v Maryland Gibbons v Ogden 8 In 1937 the Supreme Court laid the groundwork for a stronger federal government by issuing a number of decisions that a b Dramatically narrowed the definition of the commerce clause Dramatically expanded the definition of the commerce clause Struck down the supremacy clause 1 Struck down the privileges and immunities clause Struck down the full faith and credit clause Answer Bank Chapter One A PWNFP PPP DOWWWZDD39JZD H P gt Chapter Two cooqcxmthrx OWUgtgtWOgtgt H P gt Chapter Three OOQGNUIBUJNr t wnngtmwnn NOTE Material in this practice exam can be found in We the People Tenth Core Edition
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