Study Guide One
Study Guide One History 370
Popular in History of the Caribbean
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to History 370 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. J. McCarthy in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see History of the Caribbean in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 09/10/15
Caribbean History Study Guide One Katie Albritton Study Soup Identi cation PreColombian Arawak The native peoples of the Caribbean Islands They were reported to be very friendly mostly naked and were very curious about the Spaniards Taim Another word the Spaniards used for the native peoples of the Caribbean It was apparently their word for friendly Ciib Peoples who moved into the lower Caribbean islands around 1200 CE from South America They were hostile enemies of the Arawak and reported cannibals Zemi Small or large clay statues of household gods used by the Arawak peoples Cacigue Cheif of a tribe or village of Arawak They were in charge of things such as marriages fishing and hunting Antilles The Greater Antilles include Cuba Jamaica Hispa ola and Puerto Rico The Lesser Antilles are divided into Leeward and Windward islands dotting the outer rim of the Caribbean Sea along the southeastern side Windwards Islands that faced into the wind Leewards Islands that are sheltered from the wind These islands are more hospitable to people Boreguin The Arawak word for the island we know as Puerto Rico Trade Winds The trade winds are the wind patterns in the tropics that blow from the northeast in the Northern Hemisphere and the southeast in the Southern Hemisphere European sailors were able to use them to colonize the New World Cassava Root plant that is poisonous unless it is prepared properly It is used to make bread in the Caribbean Spanish Ascendancy Ramon Pan A priest who accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to the Caribbean in 1493 He wrote Relacio n Acerca de las Antigiiedades d 105 Indios trying to describe the religion of the natives Nicolas de Ovando Was made governor of the Spanish settlement on Hispa ola in 1502 He brought 250 settlers with him and they raised cattle pigs and goats They also grew citrus fruits bananas and sugar Juan Ponce de L on He was sent to Puerto Rico as an explorer in 1509 His conquest of the island was harsh severely lowering the native population He established an encomienda and mostly used the island for farming and ranching Francisco Nu ez de Balboa The governor of Panama up until 1513 when he usurped the govemorship He left to sail to and explore Peru Audiencia A type of royal court in Spain and the Spanish colonies in the Americas and Caribbean Zamb0Racial term used in the Spanish colonies to describe someone of mixed Amerindian and African American descent Mestiz0A racial term used in the Spanish colonies to refer to someone of European and Amerindian descent of CreoleA racial term in the Spanish colonies describing a person of European and African American descent Hernan Cortez Spanish adelantado who conquered the Aztec empire in 1522 claiming Mexico for Spain He was the Viceroy of Mexico until around 1533 Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo A Spanish historian who took part in the Spanish colonization the Caribbean He wrote about his experiences and was put in charge of a fort in Santo Domingo Isabel of Castile The Queen of Spain whose marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon unified most of Spain She funded Columbus39s voyage seeking the Indes in 1492 and was adamant that the native Arawak peoples not become slaves Caravel A small fast ship built by the Spanish and the Portuguese in the 15th through the 17th centuries Enterprise of the Indes Columbus planned to sail west to get east to trade with Asia He was turned down by the royalty of England Portugal and France before Isabel of Castille funded his trip He sailed out in 1492 and landed in the Caribbean He claimed he had found China up to his death Santo Domingo The first Spanish colony in the Caribbean was set up on this island in 1496 The settlers quickly became frustrated with Columbus39s poor leadership arresting him in 1499 El D0rad0 The Gilded Man he was a legendary man of gold who was rumored to live in the jungles on the South American mainland The Spanish sought him out but never found him EncomiendaA Spanish system used to reward explorers with land and the people on it who would work the land as the person who now owned it saw fit Adelantado A Spanish explorer who would lead expeditions into uncharted and unexplored territory in the name of Spain Alexander VI Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1492 to his death in 1503 He decreed that all of the lands in the New World would be split evenly between the Portuguese and the Spaniards Amerigo Vespucci He accompanied Columbus on his third voyage to the New World in 1498 1499 He realized that this was a new continent not China as Columbus continued to claim America is named after him Plaza MayorA large plaza in Madrid Spain commissioned by Philip 111 It was not finished un 11619 Bartolome de las Casas A monk who advocated for the Arawak peoples to the Spanish He wrote Brief Account of the Devastation 0f the Indes 1542 detailing the horrors of what the Spanish had done to the natives Asient0Document granted by the Spanish government allowing for people to sell other people as slaves to the Spanish colonies It lasted from 1543 to 1834 Galleon A large sailing ship used mainly by Spain from the 15th to the 17th century Juan d39Esquivel He conquered Jamaica in 1509 cruelly using mastiff dogs against the native peoples The island was mostly used for ranching as it had no precious metals Most of the settlers left it to go to the colonies on the mainland namely Mexico No European Arrival Piet Heyn Dutch admiral and privateer during the Eighty Years War with Spain He is regarded as a hero for seizing the entire Spanish otilla from Cuba in 1628 taking all of the silver from it Earl of Carlisle He was given St Kitts as a proprietary colony in 1624 He then went to Barbados in 1627 finding that the island had become uninhabited due to slave raids Barbados quickly became an af uent sugar colony Henry Avery An English pirate who operated in the 169039s he is known as one of the only pirates to retire with his loot without being arrested He operated in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and was known as Long Ben by his crew Jack Rackham An English pirate operating in Cuba and the Bahamas in the 18th century he was known as Calico Jack Corsairs A privateer or pirate operating along the Mediterranean on the 16th through 18th centuries Francis Drake The first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe he defeated a Spanish eet along the coast of South America and became so feared by the Spaniards that they were loathe to hear his name Walter Raleigh An English gentleman who was given the right to explore Virginia by Queen Elizabeth The colony established there vanished after two years leading to the ongoing Roanoke mystery John Hawkins An English naval commander who was viceadmiral in the Royal Navy during the Spanish defeat in 1588 The death of him and Francis Drake led to a sharp decline in the prowess of the Royal Navy James I He was the king of England Scotland and Ireland essentially making him the first king of Great Britain He was such from 1603 to his death in 1625 Oliver Cromwell A cruel Protestant man who took over England and dismissed the Parliament in 1653 He had many of the Irish sent to the Barbados colony Western Design Many of the Caribbean colonies were built to look like the towns back in Europe The British in particular used the same architecture wore the same kinds of clothes and ate the same food Armand Richelieu A French Cardinal who lifted the Derogeance in 1628 allowing the French to engage in commerce without being judged by other French D ro ge ance A concept implemented by France wherein noble families would lose their noble status if they were found to be engaging in trade or manufacturing Lifted by Richelieu in 1628 Navigation Act A series of laws that restricted the usage of foreign ships to trade with the British colonies Began in 1651 and ended 200 years later Mercantilism The economic theory popular at this time in France and the Netherlands that commerce generates wealth and should be encouraged and protected by the government Prince Rupert Port Royal A city in Jamaica now Kingston that used to be a harbor favored by pirates It was struck by an earthquake in 1699 signaling to some that God was punishing the sinning pirates Matellotage A formal often contractual union between two adult men developed by the pirates of the 17th century Molasses Act A tax enacted in 1733 by the British Parliament on imports of molasses from nonBritish colonies This act had been insisted upon by many West Indes plantation owners J eanBaDtiste Colbert French finance minister who was very interested in building up the French navy in the 166039s and 167039s He wanted to have a canal built through Southern France but the project was too expensive King William39s War A war between England and France in their North American colonies lasting from 16881697 France came out victorious in the end stopping England from reaching Acadia War of J enkin39s Ear A war between Spain and England from 1739 to 1748 with the English trying to stop the Spanish asiento which would allow them to get involved in the African slave trade AngloDutch Wars Wars between the English and the Dutch between the 166039s and 1714 The English hired privateers to fight for them as their navy was too small to keep up the con icts for so long
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