common med surg diagnosis
common med surg diagnosis NUR 412
Popular in Nursing Care of Adults, Altered Health 2
Popular in Nursing and Health Sciences
This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caroline on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to NUR 412 at La Salle University taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 172 views. For similar materials see Nursing Care of Adults, Altered Health 2 in Nursing and Health Sciences at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 09/10/15
Common Diagnosis for Med Surg risk factors causes common signs and symptoms CHF Congestive Heart Failure 0 Risk Factors HTN M Abnormal heart valves Enlarged heart Diabetes Family hx of heart disease Smoking alcohol substance use Obesity Metabolic syndrome 0 Sleep apnea Causes 0 Other conditions have usually damaged or weakened the heart or the heart has become too stiff 0 Main pumping chambers do not fully re ll after beats Common SS o SOB dyspnea 0 00000000 0 Fatigue weakness 0 Swelling peripheral edema o Crackling in lungs 0 Persistent coughwheezing o Nocturia 0 Chest pain 0 Nausea o Abdominal swelling MI Myocardial Infarction Risk Factors HTN CAD Obesity Smoking substance use Metabolic syndrome Age older gender male Increased LDL ow HDL High triglycerides Diabetes Family hx Sedentary ifestye Stress 0 00000000000 0 Causes 0 One or more of coronary arteries becomes blocked Common SS 0 00000 0 Pressure Tightness of chest Feeling of indigestionburning SOB Fatigue Cold sweat Dizziness Acute Cardiac Syndrome Risk Factors 0 00000 0 Older age older than 45 for men and older than 55 for women HTN High blood cholesterol Smoking Sedentary lifestyle Type 2 diabetes Family history of chest pain heart disease or stroke 0 Causes 0 Usually caused by CAD Common SS O 0 000 0 Chest paintightness or fullness Pain or discomfort in one or both arms the jaw neck back or stomach SOB Feeling dizzy or lightheaded Nausea Sweating Arial Fibrilation Risk Factors 0 00000 000 0 Age Heart disease HTN Obesity Smoking substance use Chronic illness Thyroid problems sleep apnea metabolic syndrome Family history Diabetes CKD COPD Causes 0 An irregular and tachycardic rhythm o The two upper chambers experience chaotic electrical signals 0 Common SS 0 Chest pain Palpitations SOB Dizziness Syncope 0000 Multiple Myeloma Risk Factors 0 Age older 0 Gender male 0 Race africanamerican o Hx of MGUS Causes 0 Unknown cause 0 Abnormal plasma cells in bone marrow Common SS 0 Bone pain especially in your spine or chest Nausea Constipation Loss of appetite Ment al fogginess or confusion Fatigue Frequent infections Weight loss Weakness or numbness in your legs Excessive thirst OOOOOOOOO PE Pulmonary Embolism Risk Factors 0 Heart disease Cancer Prolonged immobility Surgery Smoking Obesity Supplemental estrogen 0 Pregnancy 0 Causes 0 Blood clot in the lungs Common SS 0 Chest pain 0 Cough OOOOOO SOB Leg pain Cammycod sweats Dizzy Cyanogs Irregularrapid HR OOOOOO Sepgs Risk Factors 0 Age very young or very old 0 Immunocompromised o Woundsinjuries o Surgeries o Invasive tubesprocedures Causes 0 Pneumonia o Abdominal infection 0 Kidney infection 0 Blood stream infection 0 Common 55 0 Temperature above 101 Increased HR above 90 Increase RR above 20 Decrease urine output Change in mental status Difficulty breathing Decreased platelet count Abdominal pain OOOOOOO COPD Risk Factors 0 Smoking 0 Asthmatics who smoke 0 Exposure at occupation to toxins 0 Age 0 Family hx Causes 0 Main cause is tobacco smoke o Lungs lose the elasticity causing them to not be able to in ate or de ate enough 0 Common 55 0 Chest pain 0 SOB o Wheezing 0 Persistent cough OOOO Pneumonia Decreased pulse ox always Cyanogs Decreased energy Sputum clear yellow green 0 Risk Factors 0 000000 0 Not being vaccinated Younger than 2 years old Older than 65 years old lmmunocompromised Smoking Being hospitalized Asthmatics COPD Bronchitis Emphysemia Ventilator Causes 0 O 0 Community acquired Hospital acquired Aspiration Common SS 0 000000 SOB Wheezingcrackles Productive cough Fever Sweating shaking chills Fatigue Chest pain upon breathing or coughing Lung Cancer 0 Risk Factors O 0000 0 Smoking Metastasized cancer Occupational exposure to toxins Second hand smoke Family history Exposure to aspestus Causes 0 0 Smoking is the major cause of lung cancer in America But does occur in people who have never smoked and people who have been exposed to long term second hand smoke Common SS O O 0 Blood tinged sputum SOB Chest pain 0000000 A new cough that just doesn t go away Hoarseness Fatigue Losing weight without trying Bone pain Headache Wheezing
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