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UT / Sociology / ANTH 130 / What is applied anthropology? what type of research might an applied a

What is applied anthropology? what type of research might an applied a

What is applied anthropology? what type of research might an applied a

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School: University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Department: Sociology
Course: Cultural Anthropology
Professor: De pendry
Term: Spring 2016
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Cost: 50
Name: Study Guide for ANTHRO
Description: Pendry/Reinke ANTH 130 ANTH 130 Exam I Review Questions This does not encompass all materials which may be tested on the exam
Uploaded: 09/10/2015
5 Pages 59 Views 4 Unlocks
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Pendry/Reinke


What is applied anthropology? what type of research might an applied anthropologist do?



ANTH 130

ANTH 130 Exam I Review Questions

This does not encompass all materials which may be tested on the  exam. It is the students’ responsibility

to keep up with course materials and to study thoroughly for the  exam.

Anthropology:

1. Define the sub-fields of anthropology and give one example of the type of  research each might

do.  

Linguistic: studies the way a culture or where people start based on language

Biological: studies the changed in the body overtime (includes some primates i.e.  homonin)

Archaeological: study of cultural materials and items in “features” (study of peoples  trash)


What methods might give you qualitative data? quantitative?



 Cultural: studies the way cultures interact with one another and how they work  within themselves

3. What is applied anthropology? What type of research might an applied  anthropologist do? Applied Anthropology is the application of data, perspective,  theory and methods used to identify/asses/solve social problems. They could run  program analysis, political analysis, researchers, trainers (for companies, etc.),  Culture brokers, etc.  

4. Describe some of the difficulties and dilemmas Rabinow, Small, and Pendry  encountered during

research. Rabinow wrote Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco he ran into difficulties  of not having good informants, and not being able to connect to the people as well  at first because of language issues, he also could not become close with anyone in  particular because the revolution was a touchy subject and is had only been 12  years prior.  


What is a mayordomo? what do they do?



Don't forget about the age old question of What is the abdominal bone called?

Small wrote Voyages and she as well needed to learn the language but also she had to keep her Jewish heritage a secret because no one would talk to her if they knew.  She also had to become a of a family to ultimately be accepted because she was  too high-up in ranking for people to talk to her

Pendry did research on single mothers in the USA, she was looking into the African  American culture set, and there she found a lot of personal safety problems of  people not wanting her to go to certain areas because of her race. She also had a

tough time finding people to fit her categories, she ran into an issue of age where  one lady did not want to her to talk to the people in her housing complex because  Pendry could not connect with her since Pendry was so much younger, etc.  

5. What are some main anthropological methods? “Field work” Quantitative  Research (30%) vs Qualitative Research (70%) i.e. Participant Observation,  Interviews: Informal Conversations, Semi-Structured Interviews, Structured  

Interviews (for systematic data), Survey (random samples and variables involved),  Open ended questions vs Close ended questions  

6. What is qualitative data? What is quantitative data? Qualitative data is something you do not express in numbers, but with language and description; i.e. favorite  color, or measurements such as tall vs small, medium vs large etc.  

Quantitative data is something that you can put a number to and divide; generally  deals with numbers and you can quantify; i.e. length (ex: 3 feet), height (ex: 56  inches), weight (ex: 140 lbs), etc.  Don't forget about the age old question of How federal court gets jurisdiction?

7. What methods might give you qualitative data? Quantitative? You can gather  Qualitative data from conducting interviews with open ended questions and from  participant observation. Quantitative data can be gathered by using closed ended  questions, and surveys etc.  

8. Review your dream research project and the feedback from your TA. WE have to be able to rewrite our projects so try to cut it down to a size that  you can easily write in the allotted time for the exam. AKA big picture hit  major parts.

Culture:

2. What is a sub-culture? The idea that there are cultures within a culture, generally  based on region, ethnicity, language, class, religion, and age, i.e. hip-hop, Amish,  Italian-American, etc. Don't forget about the age old question of Why do we need to justify things?

3. Key terms to know, define, and apply: ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, cultural  rights, and

human rights. Ethnocentrism: to view one’s own culture as best and try to judge  others based on your own standards; judging as a protestant Christian that women  in Islam are oppressed because they HAVE to wear head coverings.  

Cultural relativism: a position that the values and ideas of cultures are not all the  same and deserve respect; not making moral judgement, but suspending your own  to see what the culture is to its people.

Cultural rights: the doctrine that certain rights are vested not in the individuals but  in the groups as a whole; speaking about religious/ethnic minorities and indigenous  societies. Don't forget about the age old question of What message actually gets put out to the public?

Human rights: the doctrine that invokes a realm of justice/morality beyond and  superior to particular countries, cultures, and religions; this includes the rights to  speak freely, think of our Bill of Rights

Zapotec Film/Clip:

1. What is a mayordomo? What do they do? Why? They throw lavish parties as  praise to God either asking or thanking for health, wealth, and life. Mayordomo  means person in charge of a group project, in Zapotec this is generally one or two  families dependent on the party. It is tradition to the Zapotec culture again to praise God and remind themselves of their culture. This follows tradition of redistribution  to combat against the changing society.  

2. How did migration affect religious practices seen in the film? Due to migration  there are fewer and fewer people to participate in practices, and this means  children are being exposed to other cultures and things over time have changed in  the base of the Zapotec society. From a community that would help one another to  now a larger gap in the economics of the society. Not everyone speaks the Zapotec  language, there has been a large shift to Spanish, and Catholic religion comes to  being part their original religious practices.  Don't forget about the age old question of When did the first african arrive in america?

Religion

Pendry/Reinke

ANTH 130

1. What is animism? What is religion? Animism is the belief in spiritual powers.  Religion is the beliefs and rituals concerned with supernatural beings, forces and  powers

3. Define: mana, taboo, liminality, communitas, collective effervescence, shaman,  totems. Think of We also discuss several other topics like How do you escape american dream?

an example of each of these using the case studies from class (the texts or film  clips).

Mana: Scared impersonal force existing in the universe; in Melanesian/Polynesian  religions

Liminality: change in the position of society, rite of passage; i.e. Batmisva,  Barmisva,

 Communitas: Strong community spirit  

4. What are rituals and rites of passages? How are they different? Think of an  example of each

from class. Rituals are formal, stylized, repetitive, and stereotyped. They include  liturgical orders, and actions. They are social acts and some participants are more  committed than others.  

Rites of passage can be individualized or collective. It is when there is a change  from one stage of life to another.  

5. What, according to Kottak, is the role or function of religion? Religion is either to  oppress or spark change. It is a way to cope with adversity, allows

6. How does religion operate as a form of social control or change? Pages 194-195  and 199-200 in Kottak. This idea that religion creates a common ground to either  control or change; control think Salem Witch trials; change think Islamic Revolution  in Iran

80% over Cathy Smalls Examples,  

Who is Malia from Tonga informant for Cathy

Who is Lio Jr/ what happens to him when he migrates What is Tapa/ Tapa making groups (how has it changed)  Cloth used once as currency, groups where  

Jewish vs Catholics

Shows how culture can be learned and shared without actual  

experience

What is Cathy’s subject position? How did it change when she  came back to the United States, and Tongan’s start moving over.

Female, White, something else in religious, single: compared to the  Tongan society she would be relatively low on the totem pole she ends up  combating that because she becomes an elder daughter for Malia and Atu; this  raises Malia and Atu’s status in the village.  

She became the informant for the Tongans; she is the helper instead of being the helpie

Tau’Olunga

“Money dance” eldest daughter dancing, described on paged 150 in  Cathy Smalls book. Used as a fund raising event, the move overseas has not  changed that much  

Haka

“Challenge dance” “War dance” goes into a liminality of sorts, many  cultures have a Haka or form of it.

Extended response Roughly: RESPOND TO THESE  EVEN BULLPOINTS SHOULD GET YOU SOME POINTS  (10pt= 2 questions; 4pt=1; 20pt=1=Dream  Research)

1) Discuss two examples that illustrate how Cathy Smalls subject  position and how that effected the relationship with people  during her field work and how that effected the content and  interpretation of her research. (has four parts) 

2) Supposed Lio Jr went to college and is becoming an  anthropologist, he chooses the Tongan/ Tongan-Americans,  explain what he would choose to investigate, why he would  choose it, and one example of how his subject position is going to affect his research. (has five parts) 

3) Describe one example how life in Tonga has been effected by  Tongans who have migrated out of Tonga.

4) Dream Research Project

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