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Study guide anthro

by: Sarah White

Study guide anthro ANTH 130 - 005

Sarah White
Cultural Anthropology
De Ann Pendry

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Cultural Anthropology
De Ann Pendry
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah White on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 130 - 005 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by De Ann Pendry in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 09/10/15
PendryReinke ANTH 130 ANTH 130 Exam I Review Questions It is the students39 responsibility to keep up with course materials and to study thoroughly for the exam Anthropology 1 De ne the sub elds of anthropology and give one example of the type of research each might do Linguistic studies the way a culture or where people start based on language Biological studies the changed in the body overtime includes some primates ie homonin Archaeological study of cultural materials and items in quotfeaturesquot study of peoples trash Cultural studies the way cultures interact with one another and how they work within themselves 3 What is applied anthropology What type of research might an applied anthropologist do Applied Anthropology is the application of data perspective theory and methods used to identifyassessolve social problems They could run program analysis political analysis researchers trainers for companies etc Culture brokers etc 4 Describe some of the dif culties and dilemmas Rabinow Small and Pendry encountered during research Ra binow wrote Re ections on Fieldwork in Morocco he ran into dif culties of not having good informants and not being able to connect to the people as well at rst because of language issues he also could not become close with anyone in particular because the revolution was a touchy subject and is had only been 12 years prior Small wrote Voyages and she as well needed to learn the language but also she had to keep herJewish heritage a secret because no one would talk to her if they knew She also had to become a of a family to ultimately be accepted because she was too highup in ranking for people to talk to her Pendry did research on single mothers in the USA she was looking into the African American culture set and there she found a lot of personal safety problems of people not wanting her to go to certain areas because of her race She also had a tough time nding people to t her categories she ran into an issue of age where one lady did not want to her to talk to the people in her housing complex because Pendry could not connect with her since Pendry was so much younger etc 5 What are some main anthropological methods quotField workquot Quantitative Research 30 vs Qualitative Research 70 Le Participant Observation Interviews Informal Conversations SemiStructured Interviews Structured Interviews for systematic data Survey random samples and variables involved Open ended questions vs Close ended questions 6 What is qualitative data What is quantitative data Qualitative data is something you do not express in numbers but with language and description ie favorite color or measurements such as tall vs small medium vs large etc Quantitative data is something that you can put a number to and divide generally deals with numbers and you can quantify ie length ex 3 feet height ex 56 inches weight ex 140 lbs etc 7 What methods might give you qualitative data Quantitative You can gather Qualitative data from conducting interviews with open ended questions and from participant observation Quantitative data can be gathered by using closed ended questions and surveys etc 8 Review your dream research project and the feedback from your TA WE have to be able to rewrite our projects so try to cut it down to a size that you can easily write in the allotted time for the exam AKA big picture hit major parts Culture 2 What is a subculture The idea that there are cultures within a culture generally based on region ethnicity language class religion and age ie hiphop Amish ItalianAmerican etc 3 Key terms to know de ne and apply ethnocentrism cultural relativism cultural rights and human rights Ethnocentrism to view one s own culture as best and try to judge others based on your own standards judging as a protestant Christian that women in Islam are oppressed because they HAVE to wear head coverings Cultural relativism a position that the values and ideas of cultures are not all the same and deserve respect not making moral judgement but suspending your own to see what the culture is to its people Cultural rights the doctrine that certain rights are vested not in the individuals but in the groups as a whole speaking about religiousethnic minorities and indigenous societies Human rights the doctrine that invokes a realm ofjusticemorality beyond and superior to particular countries cultures and religions this includes the rights to speak freely think of our Bill of Rights Zapotec FilmClip 1 What is a mayordomo What do they do Why They throw lavish parties as praise to God either asking or thanking for health wealth and life Mayordomo means person in charge of a group project in Zapotec this is generally one or two families dependent on the party It is tradition to the Zapotec culture again to praise God and remind themselves of their culture This follows tradition of redistribution to combat against the changing society 2 How did migration affect religious practices seen in the lm Due to migration there are fewer and fewer people to participate in practices and this means children are being exposed to other cultures and things over time have changed in the base of the Zapotec society From a community that would help one another to now a larger gap in the economics of the society Not everyone speaks the Zapotec language there has been a large shift to Spanish and Catholic religion comes to being part their original religious practices Religion PendryReinke ANTH 130 1 What is animism What is religion Animism is the belief in spiritual powers Religion is the beliefs and rituals concerned with supernatural beings forces and powers 3 De ne mana taboo liminality communitas collective effervescence shaman totems Think of an example of each of these using the case studies from class the texts or lm clips Mana Scared impersonal force existing in the universe in MelanesianPolynesian religions Liminality change in the position of society rite of passage ie Batmisva Barmisva Communitas Strong community spirit 4 What are rituals and rites of passages How are they different Think of an example of each from class Rituals are formal stylized repetitive and stereotyped They include liturgical orders and actions They are social acts and some participants are more committed than others Rites of passage can be individualized or collective It is when there is a change from one stage of life to another 5 What according to Kottak is the role or function of religion Religion is either to oppress or spark change It is a way to cope with adversity allows 6 How does religion operate as a form of social control or change Pages 194195 and 199200 in Kottak This idea that religion creates a common ground to either control or change control think Salem Witch trials change think Islamic Revolution in Iran 80 over Cathy Smalls Examples Who is Malia from Tonga informant for Cathy Who is Lio Jr what happens to him when he migrates What is Tapa Tapa making groups how has it changed Cloth used once as currency groups where jewish vs Catholics Shows how culture can be learned and shared without actual expedence What is Cathy39s subject position How did it change when she came back to the United States and Tongan39s start moving over Female White something else in religious single compared to the Tongan society she would be relatively low on the totem pole she ends up combating that because she becomes an elder daughter for Malia and Atu this raises Malia and Atu39s status in the village She became the informant for the Tongans she is the helper instead of being the helpie Tau39Olunga quotMoney dancequot eldest daughter dancing described on paged 150 in Cathy Smalls book Used as a fund raising event the move overseas has not changed that much Haka quotChallenge dancequot quotWar dancequot goes into a liminality of sorts many cultures have a Haka or form of it Extended response Roughly RESPOND TO THESE EVEN BULLPOINTS SHOULD GET YOU SOME POINTS 10pt 2 questions 4pt1 20pt1Dream Research 1 Discuss two examples that illustrate how Cathy Smalls subject position and how that effected the relationship with people during her eld work and how that effected the content and interpretation of her research 2 Supposed Lio jr went to college and is becoming an anthropologist he chooses the Tongan TonganAmericans explain what he would choose to investigate why he would choose it and one example of how his subject position is going to affect his research 3 Describe one example how life in Tonga has been effected by Tongans who have migrated out of Tonga 4 Dream Research Project


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