History of Motion Pictures Mid-Term Review
History of Motion Pictures Mid-Term Review Film 2700
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jian Clarke on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Film 2700 at Georgia State University taught by Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF MOTION PICTURES in Film at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
History of Motion Pictures Midterm Review I. PreHistory and Invention of the Cinema a. The Magic Lantern and Spiritualism i. The shows were meant to be what originally? ii. Who used magic lanterns to trick viewers into thinking spirits of the dead were in the room? iii. EtienneGaspard Robert staged what in huge theater spaces? b. Photography and Color i. What were Daguerreotypes’? ii. Louis Daguerre takes first photograph of what? iii. The first flexible roll of photographic film was introduced by who and when? iv. The first transparent film roll was made in when? v. What happened in 1861 that pertains to color photos? c. Motion studies i. Who was Muybridge and what did he do that was important? ii. Who was Marey and what did he do that was important? d. A trick of the eye i. What is phi phenomenon and beta movement? e. Thomas Edison vs Lumiere Brothers i. Describe both and state what each did. II. The Birth of Narrative Cinema: Trick films and Early Editing Experiments a. Editing and Narrative i. What is editing? ii. Describe what “the language of cinema” is. b. Editing to tell a story i. Know the difference between crosscutting, inserts, and continuity editing ii. Know who George Melies and Edwin S. Porter is and what they did III. Early Exhibition and Modernity/Silent Comedy a. The Nickelodeon i. What was Nickelodeon? ii. When did they appear? b. Watching a movie i. The audience was extremely what and consisted of what group of people? ii. What was really crowded and smelly because they were constantly sold out? iii. Films tended cater who? iv. Were silent films really silent? c. Modernity and Silent Comedy i. What is the definition of Modernity? ii. Baudelaire describes Modernity as what? iii. List the circumstances of modernity. iv. Without Modernity, would there be motion pictures today? v. The influence of vaudeville on style, tone, and even racial caricature is due to the population of who? vi. Slapstick was considered what? vii. True or false: racial cariculture is a big part of silent comedy d. Buster Keaton vs Charlie Chaplin i. Compare and contrast the two actors. IV. Griffith and Melodrama, Race, and Representation in Early Hollywood a. D.W. Griffith i. Who was D.W. Griffith? b. The Birth of a Nation and Controversy i. What was the film offensive? ii. What novel based on the film was wildly successful? iii. Who directed the film and then made another film to apologize? What was the name of that second film? iv. What organization boycotted and protested against the movie? c. Major Film Directors in the 1920s i. Who know Erich Von Stroheim, Cecil B. DeMille, and Oscar Micheaux are. V. Soviet Montage a. The Kuleshov Effect i. What was the Kuleshov effect? b. Sergei Eisenstein i. Who was he and what did he do regarding film? c. Montage Theory i. Definition Montage theory. ii. What does it create? iii. What two aspects were important to Eisenstein regarding montage? iv. Editing was a thought of what kind of act? d. Dziga Vertov i. What did he believe about cinema? ii. What were his two ideals? Be able to describe them both. e. Vsevelod Pudovkin i. Know the two films he directed. VI. Hollywood in Transition: The Coming of Sound a. The Perfection of Silent Film i. What happened in the mid 1920s? ii. What replaced intertitles? What’s a film that’s an example of this? b. The Film Strip i. What was missing in film that regarded noise? ii. Must sound be recorded separately or combined? c. The Phonograph and Early Attempts at Recorded Sound i. Who invented the phonograph? d. Early Attempts at Recorded Sound i. What were two devices used to record sound? ii. Eugene Lauste invented what? Was it successful? e. Competing Systems as Technology Advances i. Soundondisc was called what and produced by who? Give an example. ii. Soundonfilm was called what and produced by who? Give an example. f. The Jazz Singer (1927) i. It was the first what? ii. Who was the star of the film? iii. What was the significance of the film? g. Consequences of Sound Production in Filmmaking i. List and describe the problems of Sound Production in filmmaking. h. Challenges to the Implementation of Film Sound i. List these challenges of film sound VII. The Hollywood Studio System Pt 1 a. Edison and the MPPC i. What does Edison charges theaters for? b. Carl Laemmle i. Did he join the MPPC or created his own company? c. Universal Pictures: Hollywood’s first studio i. Who founded Universal Studios? When was it founded? ii. Describe the structure of the company in the 20s. iii. Why was Hollywood perfect for filming? d. Standard Production i. What was the difference between an “A” and “B” feature? e. The Studio System: The Big Five i. List and describe the Big Five as well as any other important details about it. VIII. The Hollywood Studio System Pt 2 a. The Little Three i. List and describe the Little Three. b. Block Booking and Programming i. What is the definition of block booking? ii. What did blocks ensure? iii. When did serials occur? c. Hollywood Style i. What was this style called? What was its goal? d. Busby Berkeley i. Who did he work for? ii. What is he known for? iii. In the 30s and 40s, what was he considered? e. The Production Code i. What did this do for the studios? ii. Who was in charge of the Production Code Administration? iii. What was restricted in films? f. Individual Stylists and Major Directors i. List these individual stylists and major directors and describe them. IX. Postwar Hollywood and The 1950s a. Hollywood and WW2 i. During the war, Hollywood collaborated with who? ii. Record profits and attendance happened in Hollywood because of what event? iii. By 1946, what percentage of the U.S. population attended a movie once a week? b. Postwar Hollywood i. After the war, what happened to the economy? Why did this happened? ii. William Wyler’s The Best Years of Our Lives tried to do what? c. The Paramount Decision i. What happened in 1938? What then happened in ten years after that? d. Hollywood in the 50s i. What rose in the 50s? ii. The Baby Boom caused what? When did it occur? iii. When was television made? iv. What were responses to TV? e. 50’s Dramas i. Who was the key filmmaker? ii. What were dramas in the 50s described as? X. Race and Representation in the Studio Era a. The Studio System and Race i. What did Hollywood not promote to white audiences? What were their roles mostly consist of? b. Race Films i. List some movies that had an allblack cast. c. The Collapse of the Production Code i. What happened in the “Miracle Decision”? ii. Who were the two directors who challenged the production code and what were their films that did this?
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