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HDFS 120 Study Guide For Exam 1

by: Hannah Wright

HDFS 120 Study Guide For Exam 1 HDFS 120

Hannah Wright

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These notes cover all of the material for Exam 1.
Intro to Family Studies
Hughes, Robert
Study Guide
HDFS 120, HDFS, Human Development and Family Studies, Intro to Family Studies, Family Studies
50 ?




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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Wright on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HDFS 120 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by Hughes, Robert in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see Intro to Family Studies in Human Development at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

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Date Created: 03/03/16
Monday, January 25, 2016 HDFS 120 lectures for exam 1 marriage: the emotional and legal commitment of 2 people to share emotional and physical intimacy, various… -U.S. is behind in terms of cohabitation -most people who cohabit have less than a high school degree -age at first marriage is increasing because of cohabitation -family: a family of two or more persons living together/ committed and related by blood, marriage, or adoption, share intimacy, resources, decision making responsibilities, and values -mens marriage status declined -never married increased -widowed declined -divorced increased -stay at home moms=25% -stay at home dads=2 or 3% -Urie Bronfenbrenner is a famous person in family studies -human development was “the science of strange behavior of children ins strange situations with strange adults for the briefest possible periods of time” -Bronfenbrenner -Bronfenbrenner taught us that in order to understand children we had to put the whole society ecologically together: social ecological model -exosystems: indirect social environments that influence the micro & meso social conditions -mesosystem: relationship between micro social environments -microsystem: immediate social environments micorsystems: school… Frederic Le Play (the overlooked scientist) -patriarchal 1 Monday, January 25, 2016 -stem -unstable (“frail shrub”) Ernest W. Burgess (founder of family studies) 1926 -known as “grandpa Ernie” -kept all old teaching records Family Systems Theory: - gives us guidelines for understanding and predicting what will happen - helps focus and set boundaries - guides application -capture the relationships or interactions between people -need to identify the “dynamic properties” of the family. we call this “systems” -measures individual characteristics cohesion: degree of togetherness & separateness in the family between family members Flexibility: the amount of change that occurs in leadership, role relationships and relationship rules Communication: the grease that smoothes the frictions between partners and family members Challenges in families -fostering gender equality -connecting relationships to health -teaching parents skills to foster social and emotional well-being -reducing relationship conflict -understanding the unique strengths of families that vary by ethnicity and sexual orientation -dealing with military family stress -another kind of family stress is poverty 2 Monday, January 25, 2016 -solving problems of family violence Family Science Research Methodology basic research methods: -sampling -collecting data -analyzing data WEIRD Family Science-the sampling problem = -Western -Educated -Industrialized -Rich -Democratic -………….families Representative Sample: a group of participants (as sample) that are generally the same as the population of interest -common factors that may influence whether or not a sample is representative -age, sex, gender, education, employment, ethnicity, social class -special and/or important characteristics of samples -timing of family or marital event -how long since divorced? -how long married? -how old are children? -how long remarried? -Vulnerability or Risk-factors -number of family transitions -gave birth during adolescence 3 Monday, January 25, 2016 -parents are deceased -lived in foster care Critical Period: data collected before and after a significant event -pre and post marriage, divorce, remarriage, new parent…. -data collected during a particular age for children Self-report data collection: -survey (quantitative) -theoretical scales (quantitative) -Interview (qualitative) Experimental Data Collection -Ethnography (qualitative) Observation & Monitoring Data Collection -video & audiotaping (quantitative & qualitative) -portable monitors of verbal and/or physiological data (quantitative & qualitative) Experiments -testing the effectiveness of prevention or clinical interventions (quantitative) Surveys -sociological approach -often focused on large samples of people/families to get general trends, info -multiple questions (most closed-ended) -collect via print, telephone, and/or online Advantages-quick, useful to unobservable info Disadvantages- research bias in answer selection (ex: ethnicity), social desirability, one- question measures can be unreliable Theoretical Scales -psychological method 4 Monday, January 25, 2016 Interviews -psychology, sociology & anthropology -open-ended Experiential Data Collection—Ethnography -might ask questions -rich way to collect data Observational Methods -moms would carry around tape recorders from when they get home until the kids go to bed -census is taken every 10 years -Howard University-one of the premier historically black universities in the country Exam 1 Review: -on first 3 chapters in the book -Ernest Burgess: founder of family science -Frederick LePlay: french industrialist who studied families around Europe -In family systems theory…balanced means flexibility and cohesion are about the same…not to chaotic not too rigid -interviews are qualitative (open-ended data gathering), surveys are quantitative -Enmeshed, chaotic families (unbalanced/extreme on cohesion and low on flexibility) would most likely respond to stressful events with poor problem-solving abilities, all together, and in unpredictable ways -one of Harriett Pipes McAdoo’s major contributions to family science is that she broaden the study of families to include more racially, ethnically diverse families into our studies -introduced the concepts of “family ethnicity” -“weird” stands for…western, educated, industrialized, rich, democratic…families 5 Monday, January 25, 2016 -demographic trends indicate that more americans are living in 2-parents families with their own biological children False -There is a growing number of father-headed, single-parent households in the U.S. True -In exploring the strengths of ethnic/racially diverse families, the authors identify unique strengths among all types of families True -The “social ecological model” is important to understanding families b/c it requires us to think about the context in which families are embedded and ways in which other forces/ factors may influence families -helps us think about the close and distant factors that shape families -remind us that historical events and time shape families -contribute to solving one of the major grand challenges in family science 6


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