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UO / Educational Foundations / EDST 111 / How long did the Restrictive Period last?

How long did the Restrictive Period last?

How long did the Restrictive Period last?

Description

School: University of Oregon
Department: Educational Foundations
Course: Education and Social Change
Professor: Kahn l
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Immigration, citizenship, Bilingual, and Education
Cost: Free
Name: EDST 111, Week 6 Notes
Description: Immigration, Citizenship, and Bilingual Education
Uploaded: 03/04/2016
3 Pages 323 Views 0 Unlocks
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Immigration & Citizenship Bilingual Education

  • Bilingual education: instruction in 2+ languages
  • Strong bi ed:
  • bilingualism and biliteracy
  • maintenance of native language
  • additive
  • Weak:
  • monolingualism and limited bilingualism
  • assimilation, a partheid
  • often includes segregation
  • Permissive Period: 1700-1860
  • Bi ed was common
  • Ohio-1839 = passed the 1st law regarding bi ed en U.S. Required German / English instruction
  • Louisiana: French / English.
  • New Mexico: 1850 Spanish / English
  • Other territories followed but many places provided bi ed without passing laws
  • Restrictive Period: 1860s - 1960s
  • 1882 Act to Regulate Immigration
  • prohibited entry to any person that can't take care of themselves
  • Naturalization Act of 1906
  • made knowledge of English a requirement for naturalization
  • WW It WWII
  • fears of loyalty, esp. of German speakers
  • English only laws
  • By 1923, 34 states had English only Instruction rules
  • Johnson-Reed Act of 1924.
  • created Visas and Passports
  • No visas for Asians - "unassimilable"
  • created the idea of illegal aliens
  • some groups exempted:
  • Western Hemisphere Agreement (Canada and Mexico)
  • Colonial properties like Philippines and Puerto Rico
  • We still had a population of people who did not speak English as 1st language
  • Opportunistic Period 1960s-1980s.
  • launching of Sputnik
  • National Defense Education Act 1958
  • funding for math, science, foreign language
  • Civil Rights Act 1964
  • prohibits discrimination based on race, ethnicitya
  • Immigration Act 1965
  • abolished quota formula for visas

  • Coral Way Elementary
  • established in Miami for Cuban refugees
  • successful bilingual school
  • 1968 Title 7 of Elementary and Secondary Education Act: 1st bilingual + bicultural education program approved at fed level
  • offered funding to schools for teaching foreign languages.
  • did not force schools
  • provoked people to express language superiority
  • Supreme Court Case Law v. Nichols (1975)
  • found that there is no equality of opportunity provided when instruction is provided in a language which the students don't understand
  • Current Period (1980s-Now)
  • Cold War Ended, no more global competition.
  • Shift in Title 7 funds to English-only programs
  • Proposition 187 (1994) "Save Our State” in Cali
  • deny social services to undocumented children
  • modified in 227 to prohibit bilingual ed
  • Several states have passed English-only laws

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