Psychology Study Guide
Psychology Study Guide PSYC 101
Popular in introduction to psychology
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Roselyn Stoyer on Friday March 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 101 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Levine in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychlogy at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/04/16
Psychology 101 Study Guide Ch. 3. Sensation and Perception* ESP: parapsychology; paranormal psychology 100s of studies: No good evidence No replication (or scientists tricked) Jumping to conclusions Our brain wants to jump to conclusions which is a sense of adaptiveness Perception is BIASED, beyond just what you attend to Experience/expectations/schemas Perception Bottom up processing sensation, input side Also known as datadriven processing Perception begins with the stimulus itself. Processing is carried out in one direction from the retina to the visual cortex, with each successive stage in the visual pathway carrying out ever more complex analysis of the input. Top down processing brain, creates vision Refers to the use of contextual information in pattern recognition For example, understanding difficult handwriting is easier when reading complete sentences than when reading single and isolated words. This is because the meaning of the surrounding words provide a context to aid understanding Organization, depth, constancies, illusions Your brain is doing a lot of below awareness: “filling in” PERCEPTION IS BIASED Depth perception Binocular cues two eyes Binocular cues help you judge how far things are due to the fact that you have 2 eyes. Retinal disparity: you have two eyes, and what hits your eyes is different The different perspectives of each separate eye Monocular cues one eye Depth perception in one eye **BRAIN TRICKS YOU; YOU SEE WHAT YOU EXPECT AND KNOW “Selective” attention and not encoding everything Biased perception and interpretation Ex.) Escaped panda; people say they saw it because their eyes and brain sees and think what they want Biased memories: memory construction
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