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Psychology Study Guide

by: Roselyn Stoyer

Psychology Study Guide PSYC 101

Roselyn Stoyer
GPA 3.3

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Preparing for the next test. Just a look into the study guide
introduction to psychology
Study Guide
Psychology Study Guide; Preparation for next exam
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Roselyn Stoyer on Friday March 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 101 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Levine in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychlogy at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 03/04/16
Psychology 101 Study Guide Ch. 3. Sensation and Perception* ESP: parapsychology; paranormal psychology         100s of studies: No good evidence          No replication (or scientists tricked) Jumping to conclusions Our brain wants to jump to conclusions which is a sense of adaptiveness Perception is BIASED, beyond just what you attend to Experience/expectations/schemas Perception  Bottom up processing                      sensation, input side  Also known as data­driven processing Perception begins with the stimulus itself. Processing is carried out in one  direction from the retina to the visual cortex, with each successive stage in the  visual pathway carrying out ever more complex analysis of the input. Top down processing            brain, creates vision  Refers to the use of contextual information in pattern recognition For example, understanding difficult handwriting is easier when reading  complete sentences than when reading single and isolated words. This is because  the meaning of the surrounding words provide a context to aid understanding  Organization, depth, constancies, illusions Your brain is doing a lot of below awareness: “filling in” PERCEPTION IS BIASED Depth perception Binocular cues­ two eyes Binocular cues help you judge how far things are due to the fact that you  have 2 eyes. Retinal disparity: you have two eyes, and what hits your eyes is different      The different perspectives of each separate eye  Monocular cues­ one eye   Depth perception in one eye **BRAIN TRICKS YOU; YOU SEE WHAT YOU EXPECT AND KNOW “Selective” attention and not encoding everything Biased perception and interpretation Ex.) Escaped panda; people say they saw it because their eyes and brain sees and think  what they want Biased memories: memory construction 


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