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KSU - PSY 11762 - Summer 2015 - Week Two Notes - Class Notes

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KSU - PSY 11762 - Summer 2015 - Week Two Notes - Class Notes

School: Kent State University
Department: Engineering
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Robin Joynes
Term: Summer 2015
Tags:
Name: Week Two Notes
Description: These are notes for the second week of the semester. They are composed from listening to Updegraff's lecture, and my perspective of viewing his power point.
Uploaded: 09/11/2015
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background image Psych 11762­002 John A. Updegraff  Week Two Notes Research Methods (Chapter 2 Continued) Major types of research designs  ­Observational methods:  Case study Used by Sigman Freud  A single person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles Oldest research design Used to study something rare that has happened to somebody (ex: participant  loosing a part of a brain due to an injury) This type of study usually is not representative of everybody (age, gender,  ethnicity)
Survey
 Asks people to report their behaviors and opinions, as well as asks what do people do? (ex: how often do you exercise)   Strengths of survey method:
It’s easy to do
It’s a good way to measure attitudes and opinions 
Its OK at measuring peoples behavior   Limitations of survey method:
It’s not good at identifying the causes of people’s behavior
What people say and do can be different 
People are often less than honest in surveys 
Random Sampling – Important Issue To Consider 
background image A group of people that fairly represents a population because each member of the  population has an equal chance of inclusion  How random truly is it when you  look at who’s filling out these surveys?  Naturalistic observation  Records peoples actual behaviors in their natural environment  Goal of this observation is to observe what people do, record their behaviors, and  try to be as unobtrusive as possible  ­Experimental Method Researchers making participants do something that they would not normally do Random assignment: Two conditions
1. Experimental condition ex: violent game 
2. Control condition ex: non­violent game 
Key aspects: Two different groups: those groups differ only in how much of that  independent variable is there (ex: violent video games vs. non­violent video  games)  Strengths of experimental method
Random assignment ensures that participants in each group are essentially 
identical in terms of age, gender, attitudes, or anything else  Controlling the environment ensures that the only difference between the two  groups is the independent variable  Definitions  Positive Correlation: if one variable goes up because the other is going up ­Correlation does not prove causation. Ex: aggression due to violent video games   even if violent video games lead to being aggressive, or if being aggressive 
background image leads to playing violent video games, there can also be a third party that leads to  the person either being aggressive, and/or playing violent video games   Negative Correlation: if one variable goes down because the other goes down (ex: higher the age, the less hair a person has on their head)   No Correlation: no relationship between two variables   Independent variable: The ‘cause’   Dependent Variable: The ‘effect’  Neuroscience Chapter 4 ­Neuroscience 1­Key Terms Neuron Afferent v. Efferent Nerves Hormone Neurotransmitter  Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System Sympathetic Nervous System Parasympathetic Nervous System Parts Of A Neuron: ­Dendrites  ­Cell Body ­Axon Synapse Functions Of 5 Key Neurotransmitters:  ­Dopamine  ­Serotonin ­Norepinephrine ­Acetylcholine ­GABA 

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School: Kent State University
Department: Engineering
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Robin Joynes
Term: Summer 2015
Tags:
Name: Week Two Notes
Description: These are notes for the second week of the semester. They are composed from listening to Updegraff's lecture, and my perspective of viewing his power point.
Uploaded: 09/11/2015
12 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
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