Medical Terminology Exam 2 Study Guide
Medical Terminology Exam 2 Study Guide HSCI131
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This 24 page Study Guide was uploaded by Olivia Lee on Friday March 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HSCI131 at Purdue University taught by Lisa M. Hilliard in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 174 views.
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HSCI 131 Exam 2 Study Guide Chapters 6-9 CHAPTER 6 2. aerophagia 3. anastomosis swallowing air 4. an/o surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another 5. anorexia anus 6. appendectomy without appetite 7. appendicitis excision of the appendix 8. appendic/o inflammation of the appendix append/o appendix 9. 10. ascites appendix 11. bariatric surgery abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, most commonly the result of chronic liver disease 12. bilirubin group of procedures that treat morbid obesity, a condition that arises from severe accumulation of excess weight as fatty tissue, and the resultant health problems 13. bolus orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of erythrocytes that is taken up by liver cells to form blurb and eventually excreted in the feces 14. borborygmus mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed 15. buccal rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine 16. bucc/o pertaining to the cheek 17. cachexia cheek 18. cheeks physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass and is commonly associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome and cancer 19. cheil/o bucca 20. cheiloplasty lip 21. chilelith surgical repair of a defective lip cholangi/o gallstone 22. 23. cholangiole bile vessel 24. chol/e small terminal portion of the bile duct 25. cholecystectomy bile, gall 26. cholecyst/o removal of the gallbladder 27. choledoch/o gallbladder 28. choledochoplasty bile duct 29. cholelithiasis surgical repair of the bile duct 30. cirrhosis abnormal condition of gallstones 31. colic scarring and dysfunction of the liver caused by chronic liver disease 32. col/o spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain 33. colon/o colon 34. colonoscopy colon 35. colostomy visual examination of the colon 36. computed tomography creation of an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall 37. Coordinated, rhythmic imaging technique achieved by rotating an muscle contractions XR emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles 38. Crohn disease peristalsis 39. dentist form of inflammatory bowel disease, usually of the ileum but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract; also called regional enteritis 40. dent/o specialist who treats disorders of teeth 41. dia- teeth 42. diaphragmatic hernia through, across 43. diarrhea is a congenital disorder 44. diverticula discharge or flow of fluid fecal matter through the bowel 45. diverticulitis small, blister like pockets 46. diverticulosis inflamed, small, blister like pockets 47. DJI small, blister like pockets develop in the inner lining of the large intestine and may balloon through the intestinal wall 48. duoden/o duodenum: 10injejunum: 8ftileum: 12ft 49. duodenoscopy duodenum 50. dysentery visual examination of the duodenum 51. dyspepsia inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites and results in bloody diarrhea 52. dysphagia difficult or painful digestion; also called indigestion 53 -emesis inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called . aphagia 54 endoscopic vomit . 55 enter/o combines endoscopy and US to examine and . obtain images of the digestive tract and the surrounding tissues and organs 56 enteropathy intestine . 57 eructation disease of the intestine . 58 esophag/o producing gas from the stomach, usually with . a characteristic sound; also called belching 59 esophagoscope esophagus . 60 exocrine instrument for examining the esophagus . 61 extracorporeal gland that secretes its products through . shock-wave excretory ducts to the surface of an organ or lithotripsy tissue or into a vessel 62 fecalith use of shock waves as a noninvasive method to break up stones in the gallbladder or . biliary ducts 63 flatus fecal concretion . 64 Gallbladder gas in the GI tract; expelling air from a body . orifice, especially the anus 65 gastralgia Sac likeInferior surface of liverStores . bileRelease bile through common bile duct into duodenumCystic duct merges with hepatic duct, forming common bile duct 66 gastric pain in the stomach; also called stomachache adenocarcinoma . 67 gastr/o cancerous glandular tumor . 68 gastroenterology stomach . 69 gastroesophageal concerned with digestive disease . reflux disease 70 gastrointestinal GERDback flow of gastric contents into the . endoscopy esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus 71 gingivectomy visual examination of the GI tract using . flexible fiberoptic instrument with a magnifying lens and a light source (endoscope) to identify abnormalities, including bleeding, ulcerations, and tumors 72 gingiv/o excision of diseased gingival tissue . 73 glossectomy gums . 74 gloss/o tongue . 75 halitosis foul-smelling breath . 76 hematemesis vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach . or esophagus 77 hemorrhoidectomy surgical removal of the hemorrhoids . 78 hemorrhoids enlarged veins in the mucous membrane of the . anal canal 79 hepatitis panel panel of blood tests that identifies the specific . virus- hep A, hep B, or hep C- that is causing hepatitis by testing serum using antibodies to each of these antigens 80 hepat/o liver . 81 hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver . 82 hernia protrusion of any organ, tissue, or structure . through the wall of the cavity in which it is contained 83 hernioplasty surgical repair of the hernia . 84 herniorrhaphy suture of abdominal wall . 85 hiatal hernia lower part of esophagus and the top of the . stomach slides through an opening in the diaphragm into the thorax 86 hiatus opening . 87 hyperemesis excessive vomiting . 88 -iasis abnormal condition (produced by something . specified) 89 ile/o ileum . 90 ileorectal surgical connection of the ileum and rectum . after total colectomy, as is sometimes performed in the treatment of ulcerative colitis 91 ileostomy creation of an opening between the ileum and . the abdominal wall 92 infectious hepatitis hepatitis A . 93 inguinal hernia develops in the groin . 94 Interior lining of stomach rugae . 95 intestinal surgical connection of two portions of the . intestines; also called enteroenterostomy 96 intussusceptions intestinal telescoping . 97 irritable bowel syndrome symptom complex marked by abdominal pain . and altered bowel function for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon 98 jejun/o jejunum . 99 jejunorrhaphy suture of the jejunum . 100. labial pertaining to the lips, particularly the lips of the mouth 101. labi/o lip 102. Large intestine sections cecum: 2-3 inchesascending colonhepatic flexuretransverse colonsplenic flexuredescending colonsigmoid colonrectumanus 103. lingual pertaining to the tongue 104. lingu/o tongue 105. lithotripsy procedure for crushing a stone and eliminating its fragments surgically or using ultrasonic shock waves 106. Liver 3-4lbRUQ and LUQProduces bileGlucoseStorage of vitaminesDestroys toxinsDestroys erythrocytesSyntesizes proteins that circulate in the blood 107. liver function tests group of tests that evaluate liver injury, liver function, and conditions commonly associated with the biliary tract 108. lower gastrointestinal radiographic images of the rectum and colon series following administration of barium into the rectum; also called lower GI series or barium enema 109. magnetic resonance MRI is used to visualize the biliary and cholangiopancreatograph pancreatic ducts and gallbladder in a y noninvasive manner 110. malabsorption syndrome symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through the intestinal villi into the blood or lymph 111. mastication` mechanical breakdown of food 112. mechanical obstruction occurs when the intestinal contents are prevented from moving forward due to an obstacle or barrier that blocks the lumen 113 -megaly enlargement . 114 melena passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of . blood altered by intestinal juices 115 Microscopic, villi . fingerlike projections 116 morbid obesity BMI of 40 or greater (100lbs over ideal weight) . 117 mouth oral cavity . 118 nasogastric insertion of a nasogastric tube through the nose into the . intubation stomach to relieve gastric distention by removing gas, food, or gastric secretions; instill medication, food, or fluids; obtain a specimen for laboratory analysis 119 nonmechanical occurs when peristalsis is impaired and the intestinal contents . obstruction cannot be propelled through the bowel 120 obesity excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal . and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight 121 obstipation extreme constipation . 122 odont/o teeth . 123 oral pertaining to the mouth . 124 oral radiographic images taken of the gallbladder after . cholecystography administration of a contrast material containing iodine, usually in the form of a tablet 125 oral leukoplakia formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of . the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation 126 -orexia appetite . 127 or/o mouth . 128 orth straight . 129 orthodontist dentist who specializes in correcting and preventing . irregularities of abnormally positioned or aligned teeth 130 Pancreas Inferior to the stomachPerforms endocrine and exocrine . functionsProduces enzymes that pass through pancreatic duct, and duodenum from hepatic duct 131 pancreat/o pancreas . 132 pancreatolysis destruction of the pancreas . 133 -pepsia digestion . 134 perforation hole in the wall lining . 135 peri- around . 136 perianal pertaining to the area around the anus . 137 periodentitis inflammation around a tooth . 138 peristalsis progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in . hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract 139 -phagia swallowing, eating . 140 pharyng/o pharynx . 141 pharyngotonsillitis inflammation of the pharynx and tonsils . 142 polypectomy excision of a polyp . 143 postprandial after a meal . 144 -prandial meal . 145 proct/o anus, rectum . 146 proctologist physician who specializes in treating disorders of the colon, . rectum, and anus 147 pyloric stenosis stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of . the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine 148 pylor/o pylorus . 149 pyloromyotomy incision of the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus, . which is used to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis 150 pylorospasm involuntary contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, . as in pyloric stenosis 151 rect/o rectum . 152 rectocele herniation or protrusion of the rectum; also called proctocele . 153 regurgitation backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the . mouth from the stomach 154 Rough projections papillae4 types: sweet, sour, salty, bitter . on the surface of the tongue 155 Roux-en-Y gastric bariatric surgery that involves stapling the stomach to decrease . bypass its size and then shortening the jejunum and connecting it to the small stomach pouch, causing the base of the duodenum leading from the nonfunctioning portion of the stomach to form a Y configuration, which decreases the pathway of food through the intestine, thus reducing absorption of calories and fat 156 -rrhea discharge, flow . 157 serum bilirubin measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood . 158 serum hepatitis hepatitis B . 159 sial/o saliva, salivary gland . 160 sialography radiologic examination of the salivary glands and ducts . 161 sigmoid/o sigmoid colon . 162 sigmoidotomy incision of the sigmoid colon . 163 sphincter circular band of muscle fibers that constricts a passage or . closes a natural opening of the body 164 Sphincter at the ileocecal valve . terminal end of the small intestine 165 Sphincter just pyloric sphincter . before the duodenum 166 steatorrhea discharge of fat in fecal matter . 167 stomatitis inflammation of the mouth . 168 stomat/o mouth . 169 stool culture test to identify microorganisms or parasites present in feces . that are causing a GI infection 170 stool guaiac test that applies guaiac to a stool sample to detect the . presence of occult blood in the feces; also called Hemoccult 171 strangulated hernia when blood supply to hernia is cut off . 172 sub- under, below . 173 sublingual pertaining to the area under the tongue . 174 Swallowing deglutition . 175 Terminal portion of Lower esophageal (cardiac) sphincter . the esophagus 176 triglycerides organic compound, a true fat, that is made of one glycerol and . three fatty acids 177 ulcer circumscribed open sore on the skin or mucous membranes of . the bodyPeptic ulcer is most common 178 Ulcerative colitis chronic inflammatory disease of the colon . 179 ulcerative colitis chronic inflammatory disease of the colon, commonly begins . in the rectum 180 ultrasonography high frequency sound waves are directed at soft tissue and . reflected as echoes to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure; also called ultrasound, sonography, and echo 181 umbilical hernia protrusion of part of the intestine at the navel . 182 upper radiographic images of the esophagus, stomach, and small . gastrointestinal intestine following oral administration of barium; also called series barium swallow 183Upper portion of fundus . the stomach 184vertical banded bariatric surgery that involves vertical stapling of the upper . gastroplasty stomach near the esophagus to reduce it to a small such and insertion of a band that restricts food consumption and delays its passage from the puck, causing a feeling of fullness 185volvolus intestinal twisting . 186What is beneath dentin . tooth enamel? 187What is the pulp . innermost part of the tooth? Chapter 7 1.acidosis excessive acidity of body fluids 2.adenoidectomy excision of the adenoids 3.adnoid/o adenoids 4.aerosol therapy lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medication in mist form directly to the lungs or air passageways 5.alveolar pertaining to the alveoli 6.alveol/o alveolus 7.anosmia without [the sense of] smell 8.anthrac/o coal, coal dust 9.anthracosis abnormal condition of coal dust in the lungs (black lung disease) 10antral lavage washing or irrigating of the paranasal sinuses to remove . mucopurulent material in an immunosuppressed patient or one with known sinusitis that has failed medical management 11apnea not breathing . 12arterial blood gas test that measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in . arterial blood 13asphyxia condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen . 14atelectasis incomplete expansion of the lung . 15atel/o incomplete, imperfect . 16 brady- slow . 17 bradypnea slow breathing . 18 bronchiectasis dilation of the bronchi . 19 bronchi/o bronchus . 20 bronchiolitis inflammation of the bronchioles . 21 bronchiol/o bronchiole . 22 bronch/o bronchus . 23 bronchoscope instrument for examining the bronchus or bronchi . 24 bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted . through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor 25 -capnia carbon dioxide . 26 Cheyne-Stokes repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the . respiration depth of respiration, first deeply then shallow then not at all 27 computed minimally invasive imaging that combines computer . tomography tomography scanning and angiography to produce images of pulmonary the pulmonary arteries angiography 28 coni/o dust . 29 coryza acute inflammation of the membranes of the nose, also called . head cold or upper respiratory infection 30 crackle abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by . exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture- filled alveoli; also called rale 31 croup common childhood condition involving inflammation of the . larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes lungs 32 cyan/o blue . 33 cyanosis abnormal condition of blueness . 34 deviated nasal displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils that causes . septum reduced airflow and sometimes nosebleed 35 dys- bad, painful, difficult . 36 dysphonia bad [impaired] voice [quality] . 37 dyspnea difficult breathing . 38 endotracheal procedure in which a plastic tube is inserted into the trachea to . intubation maintain an open airway 39 epiglottitis inflammation of the epiglottis . 40 epiglott/o epiglottis . 41 epistaxis nasal hemorrhage, also called nosebleed . 42 eu- good, normal . 43 eupnea normal breathing . 44 finger clubbing enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes . commonly associated with pulmonary disease 45 hemoptysis coughing up or spitting of blood . 46 hypercapnia excessive CO2 . 47 hypoxemia deficiency of O2 in blood . 48 hypoxia oxygen deficiency in body tissue, usually a sign of respiratory . impairment laryng/o larynx 49 . 50 laryngoplegia paralysis of the vocal cords and larynx . 51 laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign . bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities 52 lobectomy excision of a lobe . 53 lob/o lobe . 54 mantoux test Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a . positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen. 55 mediastinosc visual examination of the mediastinal structures, including the heart, . opy trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus and lymph nodes 56 nasal pertaining to the nose . 57 nas/o nose . 58 orth/o straight . 59 orthopnea breathing in a straight or upright position . 60 -osmia smell . 61 ox/i oxygen . 62 oximeter instrument used for measuring O2 . 63 oximetry noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin [Hb] . saturated with oxygen. [pulse oximetry] 64 ox/o oxygen . 65 pectoralgia pain in the chest, also called thoracalgia or throacodynia . 66 peritonsillar pertaining to the area around the ponsils . 67 pertussis acute, infections disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" . sound, also called whooping cough 68 petor/o chest . 69 pharyng/o pharynx . 70 pharyngoscop instrument for examining the pharynx . e 71 -phonia voice . 72 phren/o diaphragm . 73 phrenospasm involuntary contraction of the diaphragm . 74 pleurectomy excision of part of the pleura, usually the parietal pleura . 75 pleurisy inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing . pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing, also pleuritis 76 pleur/o pleura . 77 pleurocentesi surgical puncture of the pleural cavity . s -pnea breathing 78 . 79 pneumectomy excision of [all or part of] a lung . 80 pneum/o air, lung . 81 pneumoconio condition of dust in the lungs . sis 82 pneumonia condition of the lungs . 83 pneumon/o air, lung . 84. polysomnograph test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of y brain waves, electrical activity of muscles, eye movement, respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm, and sometimes direct observation of the person during sleep using a video camera. 85. postural method of positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs 86. -ptysis spitting 87. pulmonary accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, edema most commonly caused by heart failure 88. pulmonary blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of embolism undissolved matter such as blood clot, tissues, air bubbles and bacteria 89. pulmonary variety of tests used to evaluate respiratory function, the ability function tests of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas (PFTs) exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane. pulmon/o lung 90. 91. pulmonologist specialist in the study and treatment of lungs and respiratory diseases 92. pyothorax pus in the chest cavity, also called empyema 93. rhin/o nose 94. rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose 95. rhonchus abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway 96. sept/o septum 97. septoplasty surgical repair of the septum sinus/o sinus, cavity 98. 99. sinusotomy incision of any of the sinuses 100 spir/o breathe . 101 spirometer instrument for measuring breathing . 102 spirometry PFT that measures the breathing capacity of the lungs, including . the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air. 103 sputum culture microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the . lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias 104 steth/o chest . 105 stethoscope instrument used for examining the chest . 106 stridor high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by spasm . or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway 107 sudden infant completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently . death syndrome normal, healthy infant, usually less than age 12 months, also called crib death 108 sweat test measurement of the amount of salt [sodium chloride] in sweat . 109 tachy- rapid . 110 tachypnea rapid breathing . 111 thoracentesis surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity, also called . pleurocentesis or thoracocentesis 112 thorac/o chest . 113thoracopathy disease of the chest . 114throat culture test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci . 115-throax chest . 116tonsill/o tonsils . 117trache/o trachea . 118tracheoplasty surgical repair of the trachea . 119tracheostomy surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and . into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted. 120ventilation- nuclear test scan that evaluates both airflow [ventilation] and . perfusion [V-Q] blood flow [perfusion] in the lungs for evidence of a blood clot in scan the lungs, also called V-Q lung scan. 121wheeze whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation the results from . narrowing of the lumen of the respiration passageway Chapter 8 40electrocardiography procedure that graphically records the spread of electrical . excitation to different parts of the heart using small metal electrodes applied to the chest, arm and legs 41electrophysiology procedure used to determine the cause of life-threatening . study cardiac arrhythmias by mapping the heart's conduction system in a patient with arrhythmia 42embolectomy removal of an embolus . 43embolism condition in which a mass [commonly blood clot] becomes . lodged in a blood vessel, obstructing blood flow 44embol/o embolus . 45endarterectomy removal of fatty plaque from the interior of an occluded vessel . using a specifically designed catheter fitted with a cutting or grinding device 46endo- in, within . 47 extra- outside . 48 fibrillation abnormally rapid heart rate . 49 -gram record, writing . 50 -graph instrument for recording . 51 -graphy process of recording . 52 heart block interference with normal transmission of electric impulses from . the SA node to the Purkinje fibers 53 hemangi/o blood vessel . 54 Holter monitor test ECG taken with a small, portable recording system capable of . storing up to 48 hrs of ECG tracings, also called event monitor test 55 hyperlipidemia excessive amount of lipids in the blood . 56 hypertension elevated blood persistently higher than 140/90 mm Hg . 57 hypotension low pressure persistently lower than 90/60 mm Hg . 58 infarction localized tissue necrosis due to the cessation of blood supply . 59 ischemia local, temporary deficiency of blood supply to an organ or . tissue due to circulatory obstruction 60 laser ablation procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins . 61 lipid panel series of blood tests used to assess risk factors of ischemic . heart disease 62 magnetic resonance type of MRI scan that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to . angiography provide detailed images of blood vessel 63 magnetic resonance noninvasive technique that use radio waves and a strong imaging magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce highly . detailed, multi planar, cross-sectional views of soft tissues 64 mitral valve prolapse structural defect in which the mitral valve leaflets prolapse . into the left atrium during ventricular contraction [systole], resulting in incomplete closure and back flow of blood 65 multiple-gated nuclear procedure that uses radioactive tracers to detect how . acquisition scan well the heart walls move as they contract and calculates the ejection fraction rate amount of blood the ventricle can pump out in one contraction 66 my/o muscle . 67 nuclear perfusion test used in conduction with a stress test to detect the study presence of coronary artery disease that is causing partial . obstruction of the coronary arteries 68 open heart surgery surgical procedure performed on or within the exposed heart, . usually with the assistance of a heart-lung machine 69 palpitation sensation of an irregular heartbeat, commonly described as . pounding, racing, skipping a beat, or flutter 70 percutaneous angioplasty of the coronary arteries in which a balloon . transluminal catheter is inserted through the skin into the right femoral coronary angioplasty artery and threaded to the site of the stenosis to enlarge the lumen of the after and restore forward blood flow 71 peri- around . 72 phlebitis inflammation of a deep or superficial vein of the arms or legs . 73 phleb/o vein . 74 scler/o hardening, sclera . 75 sclerotherapy injection of a chemical irritant into a vein to produce . inflammation and fibrosis that destroys the lumen of the vein 76 sept/o septum . 77 single-photon MUGA scan of the heart in which the gamma camera moves in . emission computer a circle around the patient to create individual images as slices tomography of the heart 78 sphygm/o pulse . 79 sten/o narrowing, stricture . 80 -stenosis narrowing, stricture . 81 stent placement placement of a mesh tube inserted into a natural passage or . conduit in the body to prevent or counteract a disease- induced, localized flow constriction 82 stress test ECG taken under controlled exercise stress condition . 83 syncope partial or complete loss of consciousness that is usually caused . by a decreased supply of blood to the brain, also called fainting 84 tachycardia fast but regular rhythm 200 per minute . 85 thromb/o blood clot . 86 thrombolysis destruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called clot- . busters such as tissue plasminogen activator 87 thrombosis abnormal condition in which a blood clot develops in a vessel . and obstructs it at the site of its formation 88 trans- across . 89 ultrasonography high-frequency sound waves are directed at soft tissue and . reflected as echoes to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure also called ultrasound sonography and echo 90 valv/o valve . 91 valvotomy incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening, used in . treating mitral stenosis 92 valvul/o valve . 93 vascul/o vessel . 94 vas/o vessel . ven/o vein 95 . 96 venography radiography of a vein after injection of a contrast medium to . detect incomplete filling of a vein, indicating an obstruction 97 ventricul/o ventricle . Chapter 9 1. a- without, not 2. aden/o gland 3. agglutin/o clumping, gluing 4. allo- other, differing from the normal 5. aniso- unequal, dissimilar 6. antibody protective protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of a foreign substance called an antigen 7. antigen substance, recognized as harmful to the host, that stimulates formation of antibodies in an immunocompetent individual 8. bas/o base (alkaline, opposite of acid) 9. bile pigment substance derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin and excreted by the liver 10 -blast embryonic cell . 11 blast/o embryonic cell . 12 chrom/o color . 13 cytokine chemical substance produced by certain cells that initiates, . inhibits, increases or decreases activity in other cells 14 diapedesis Process in which WBC migrate through endothelial walls of . capillaries and venues, and enter tissue spaces. 15 disseminated Abnormal activation of the proteins involved in blood . intravascular coagulation, causing small blood clots to form in vessels and coagulation cutting off the supply of oxygen to distal tissues 16 -emia blood condition . 17 eosin/o dawn . 18 erythr/o red . 19 erythrocytes red blood cells . 20 erythropoiesis red cell development . 21 -globin protein . 22 -graft transplantation . 23 graft rejection process in which a recipient's immune system attacks a . transplanted organ or tissued 24 graft-versus-host complication that occurs following a stem cell or bone marrow . disease transplant in which the transplant produces antibodies against recipients organ can be severe enough to cause death 25 granul/o granule . 26 hemat/o blood . 27 hematoma localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, . space or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel 28 hematopoiesis development of blood cells to their mature form . 29 hem/o blood . 30 hemoglobin specialized iron-containing compound that gives the red color . 31 hemoglobinopathy any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin . molecule 32 hemosiderin iron compound . 33 immun/o immune . 34 immunocompetent ability to develop an immune response or recognize antigens . and respond to them 35 immunotherapy any form of treatment that alters, enhances, stimulates or . restores the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat disease 36 iso- same, equal . 37 kary/o nucleus . 38 leuk/o white . 39 leukocytes white blood cells . 40 lymphaden/o lymph gland . 41 lymphadenopathy any disease of the lymph nodes . 42 lymphangi/o lymph vessel . 43 lymphedema swelling, primarily in a single arm or leg, due to an . accumulation of lymph within tissues caused by obstruction or disease in the lymph vessels 44 lymph/o lymph . 45 macro- large . 46 micro- small . 47 mon0- one . 48 morph/o form, shape, structure . 49 multiple myeloma malignant tumor of plasma cells [cells that help the body fight . infection by pro ducting antibodies] in the bone marrow myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord 50 . 51 natural killer cells specialized lymphocytes that kill abnormal cells by releasing . chemicals that destroy the cell membrane, causing its intercellular fluids to leak out 52 neutr/o neutral . 53 nucle/o nucleus . 54 -osis abnormal condition . 55 -penia decrease, deficiency . 56 phag/o swallowing, eating . 57 -phil attraction for . 58 -phoresis carrying, transmission . 59 -phylaxis protection . 60 plasma liquid medium in blood . 61 plas/o formation, growth . 62 platelets thrombocytes . 63 -poiesis formation, production . 64 poikil/o varied . 65 poly- many, much . 66 reticul/o net, mesh . 67 ser/o serum . 68 sider/o iron . 69 spesis presence of bacteria or their toxins in the blood, also called . septicemia or blood poisoning 70 splen/o spleen . 71 -stasis standing still . 72 systemic lupus Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, . erythematosus kidneys and joint and causes chronic inflammation, also called discoid lupus if symptoms are limited to the skin 73 thromb/o blood clot . 74 thrombocythemia overproduction of platelets, leading to thrombosis or bleeding . disorders to platelet malformations 75 thrombocytopenia abnormal decrease in platelets caused by low production of platelets in the bone marrow or increased destruction of platelets . in the blood vessels, spleen, liver. 76 thym/o thymus gland . 77 von Willebrand bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor . disease a "sticky" protein that lines blood vessels and reacts with platelets to form a plug that leads to clot formation 78 xen/o foreign .
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