RELS 101: Midterm Expanded Study Guide
RELS 101: Midterm Expanded Study Guide RELS 101
Popular in Religions of the West
Popular in Religious Studies
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathryn Kaminski on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to RELS 101 at University of North Dakota taught by Beatrice Marovich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Religions of the West in Religious Studies at University of North Dakota.
Reviews for RELS 101: Midterm Expanded Study Guide
Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/05/16
Kathryn Kaminski RELS 101 Midterm Study Guide 1. Be familiar with Samuel Huntington's definition/discussion of "civilization", what he says about the west, and what he says about the "clash of civilizations." Civilization: highest cultural grouping of people, and the broadest level of cultural identity “dynamic” and “mortal” – they can expire or fall apart “Clash of Civilizations”: “The west against the rest” 1990’s thought a more peaceful, democratic, global world was on the horizon Today, the “west” clashes with Islam the “west” is a cultural construct 2. Understand Edward Said's definition of "orientalism", and understand the distinction between Occident/Orient (as well as the origins of this distinction.) Orientalism: a way for the West (“Europe”) to dominate over the Orient (“Far East”) influenced by politics of colonialism Occident: the “west” shaped by European colonialism of the 15 20 centuries Roots in the GrecoRoman Empire which became the Roman Catholic Empire Orient: the “east” no longer considered appropriate to use in the American context the world east of Rome 3. Understand the term "modernity" and how it applies to the discussion about religion that we've been having in this course. modernity: being modern, postmedieval, rejection of tradition, rationalization 4. Understand the distinctions between reform/conservative/orthodox Judaism. Reform: emphasizes the role of the individual (selfdirected individual choice) some interested in reforming the synagogue to accommodate new life change Abraham Geiger (18101874): emphasis on Judaism as an ethical tradition Conservative: developed within Reform: made up of those who were uncomfortable with the fastpace of reform emphasis on rabbinic authority (limited to Jewish law, practice & tradition) Orthodoxy: a rejection of reform & modernization not one clear movement but a number of different movements 5. Understand the concept of kosher law, in the Jewish tradition. Jewish dietary laws (many having to do with meat and dairy products) what & when one can/can’t eat a certain type of food with other specific foods 6. Understand something about the ritual observance of both the Jewish Sabbath and Passover. Sabbath: seventh day of the week (sunset on Friday – sunset on Saturday) in which Jews refrain from labor, enjoy time with family, eat, pray, and study the Torah. 7. Be able to say something about rabbinical Judaism, and to indicate what time period of Jewish history this is associated with. Rabbinic Jews: rabbis possessing oral tradition originating in revelation to Moses at Sinai Mainstream form of Judaism since 6 century CE 8. Be able to say something about the Jewish origins of the Christian tradition. Jesus (the reason for the Christian faith) was Jewish Many of the first Christians were converted over from Judaism (followed by the acceptance of Gentiles converting to Christianity) 9. Be able to say something about the Roman emperor Constantine's impact on Christian history. Constantine was the first Roman emperor to tolerate Christianity and eventually he decided to make Christianity the main religion of the Roman empire There were vague, if any, separation of church and government 10. Be able to say something about the ancient Roman transformation that Christianity underwent as it went from persecuted religion to imperial religion. 11. Be able to list the five pillars of Islam, and to describe what each of these five pillars are. Shahada – Faith (declaration of faith and trust that there is only one God [Allah] and that Muhammad is God’s messenger) Salat – Prayer (consists of five daily prayers – dawn, noon, afternoon, evening, night) Zakat – Charity (practice of charitable giving based on accumulated wealth) Sawm – Fasting (Ritual fasting, fasting as compensation for repentance, severe fasting) Hajj – Pilgrimage to Mecca (must make the journey at least once in their life) 12. Be able to say something about Shari'ah. Shari’ah: sacred law of Islam means “way” or “path” / “The Road” (road that leads to God) (Divine Rule) binds Muslims within a community related to both social and private life considered binding for those who accept Islam 13. Be able to say something about Sunni/Shia distinctions in Islam. Sunni: “people of the tradition” tradition = practices based on what the Prophet Muhammad said, did, agreed to or condemned Shia: “party of Ali” claim that Ali was the rightful successor to the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Muslim community following his death in 632 14. Be able to say something about the communal functions of the classical rabbi, in Jewish tradition. building inspector, economic policy maker, public health admin., welfare coordinator 15. Understand something about the theological ideas of Eusebius and Augustine, and how their ideas impacted political thought in western culture. Eusebius: apologist = justify Constantine (defending him at all cost) Argued that Constantine was chosen by God himself NOT inventing this structure of power, but borrowed the “divine” politics from typical Roman Empire practices (“Divine Right”) Commends commitment to a monarch western governance continues to bear elements of it Augustine: “realized” that the material world is made by God and is good wrote “City of God” written in response to Rome getting sacked in 410 CE Doesn’t disconnect earthly politics from rule in the city of God Encourages earthly rulers to enact/perform in a manner that coincides with God’s will Mark 12:17 16. Articulate why it is that the use of Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle was potentially problematic or controversial for thinkers in the Jewish, Christian, and Islam traditions. 17. Be able to identify the philosopher Averroes's and be able to say something about his thoughts on the relationship between Islam and philosophy. Averroes = Islam 18. Be able to identify the philosopher Maimonides and be able to say something about his thoughts on the relationship between Judaism and philosophy. Maimonides = Judaism 19. Be able to identify the philosopher Thomas Aquinas and be able to say something about his thoughts on the relationship between Christianity and philosophy. Aquinas = Christianity
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'