New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

RELS 101: Midterm Expanded Study Guide

Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
by: Kathryn Kaminski

RELS 101: Midterm Expanded Study Guide RELS 101

Marketplace > University of North Dakota > Religious Studies > RELS 101 > RELS 101 Midterm Expanded Study Guide
Kathryn Kaminski

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover what is on the Midterm
Religions of the West
Beatrice Marovich
Study Guide
50 ?




Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
Star Star Star Star Star
"Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!"
Daisha Hegmann

Popular in Religions of the West

Popular in Religious Studies

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathryn Kaminski on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to RELS 101 at University of North Dakota taught by Beatrice Marovich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Religions of the West in Religious Studies at University of North Dakota.


Reviews for RELS 101: Midterm Expanded Study Guide

Star Star Star Star Star

Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!

-Daisha Hegmann


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/05/16
Kathryn Kaminski RELS 101 ­ Midterm Study Guide 1. Be familiar with Samuel Huntington's definition/discussion of "civilization", what he  says about the west, and what he says about the "clash of civilizations."  Civilization: highest cultural grouping of people, and the broadest level of cultural  identity  “dynamic” and “mortal” – they can expire or fall apart  “Clash of Civilizations”:  “The west against the rest”  1990’s thought a more peaceful, democratic, global world was on the horizon  Today, the “west” clashes with Islam  the “west” is a cultural construct 2. Understand Edward Said's definition of "orientalism", and understand the distinction  between Occident/Orient (as well as the origins of this distinction.)  Orientalism: a way for the West (“Europe”) to dominate over the Orient (“Far East”)  influenced by politics of colonialism  Occident: the “west”  shaped by European colonialism of the 15 ­20  centuries  Roots in the Greco­Roman Empire which became the Roman Catholic Empire  Orient: the “east”  no longer considered appropriate to use in the American context  the world east of Rome 3. Understand the term "modernity" and how it applies to the discussion about religion  that we've been having in this course.  modernity: being modern, post­medieval, rejection of tradition, rationalization 4. Understand the distinctions between reform/conservative/orthodox Judaism.  Reform: emphasizes the role of the individual (self­directed individual choice)  some interested in reforming the synagogue to accommodate new life change  Abraham Geiger (1810­1874): emphasis on Judaism as an ethical tradition  Conservative: developed within Reform: made up of those who were uncomfortable  with the fast­pace of reform  emphasis on rabbinic authority (limited to Jewish law, practice & tradition)  Orthodoxy: a rejection of reform & modernization  not one clear movement but a number of different movements 5. Understand the concept of kosher law, in the Jewish tradition.  Jewish dietary laws (many having to do with meat and dairy products)  what & when one can/can’t eat a certain type of food with other specific foods 6. Understand something about the ritual observance of both the Jewish Sabbath and  Passover.  Sabbath: seventh day of the week (sunset on Friday – sunset on Saturday) in which  Jews refrain from labor, enjoy time with family, eat, pray, and study the Torah. 7. Be able to say something about rabbinical Judaism, and to indicate what time period of  Jewish history this is associated with.  Rabbinic Jews: rabbis possessing oral tradition originating in revelation to Moses at  Sinai  Mainstream form of Judaism since 6  century CE 8. Be able to say something about the Jewish origins of the Christian tradition.  Jesus (the reason for the Christian faith) was Jewish  Many of the first Christians were converted over from Judaism (followed by the  acceptance of Gentiles converting to Christianity) 9. Be able to say something about the Roman emperor Constantine's impact on Christian  history.  Constantine was the first Roman emperor to tolerate Christianity and eventually he  decided to make Christianity the main religion of the Roman empire  There were vague, if any, separation of church and government 10. Be able to say something about the ancient Roman transformation that Christianity  underwent as it went from persecuted religion to imperial religion. 11. Be able to list the five pillars of Islam, and to describe what each of these five pillars are.  Shahada – Faith (declaration of faith and trust that there is only one God [Allah] and  that Muhammad is God’s messenger)  Salat – Prayer (consists of five daily prayers – dawn, noon, afternoon, evening, night)  Zakat – Charity (practice of charitable giving based on accumulated wealth)  Sawm – Fasting (Ritual fasting, fasting as compensation for repentance, severe  fasting)  Hajj – Pilgrimage to Mecca (must make the journey at least once in their life) 12. Be able to say something about Shari'ah.  Shari’ah: sacred law of Islam  means “way” or “path” / “The Road” (road that leads to God)  (Divine Rule) binds Muslims within a community  related to both social and private life  considered binding for those who accept Islam 13. Be able to say something about Sunni/Shia distinctions in Islam.  Sunni: “people of the tradition”  tradition = practices based on what the Prophet Muhammad said, did, agreed to or condemned  Shia: “party of Ali”  claim that Ali was the rightful successor to the Prophet Muhammad as leader  of the Muslim community following his death in 632 14. Be able to say something about the communal functions of the classical rabbi, in Jewish  tradition.  building inspector, economic policy maker, public health admin., welfare coordinator 15. Understand something about the theological ideas of Eusebius and Augustine, and how  their ideas impacted political thought in western culture.  Eusebius: apologist = justify Constantine (defending him at all cost)  Argued that Constantine was chosen by God himself  NOT inventing this structure of power, but borrowed the “divine”  politics from typical Roman Empire practices  (“Divine Right”) Commends commitment to a monarch  western governance continues to bear elements of it  Augustine: “realized” that the material world is made by God and is good  wrote “City of God”  written in response to Rome getting sacked in 410 CE  Doesn’t disconnect earthly politics from rule in the city of God  Encourages earthly rulers to enact/perform in a manner  that coincides with  God’s will ­ Mark 12:17 16. Articulate why it is that the use of Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle was  potentially problematic or controversial for thinkers in the Jewish, Christian, and Islam  traditions. 17. Be able to identify the philosopher Averroes's and be able to say something about his  thoughts on the relationship between Islam and philosophy.  Averroes = Islam 18. Be able to identify the philosopher Maimonides and be able to say something about his  thoughts on the relationship between Judaism and philosophy.  Maimonides = Judaism 19. Be able to identify the philosopher Thomas Aquinas and be able to say something about  his thoughts on the relationship between Christianity and philosophy.  Aquinas = Christianity


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.