New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide

by: AlliSlaten

Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide Soc 100-001

Marketplace > Colorado State University > Sociology > Soc 100-001 > Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide
GPA 3.3

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is the completed study guide as well as clicker questions he asked us in class with answers and summaries of the vignettes he asked us to read for chapters 4-6.
General Sociology
John R Brouillette
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in General Sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by AlliSlaten on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 100-001 at Colorado State University taught by John R Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Sociology at Colorado State University.


Reviews for Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/05/16
SOC100 Study Guide #2 Chapters 4-6 NOTE: The following is not meant to be a comprehensive review, but rather it highlights several topics/ concepts you should be familiar with. Read the vignette at the beginning of each chapter. Also review the clicker questions; especially those that I spent some time discussing. Ch. 4 Social Interaction in Everyday Life Social status and role Social Status- a social position that a person occupies Role- a behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status Role conflict/role strain Role strains- occurs when incompatible role demands are expected of a single person, with in one status Role conflict- occurs when incompatible role demands are placed one person by two or more statuses held at the same time— conflict between the two statuses Achieved and ascribed statuses Achieved- the part of the status that you achieve (job, religion) Ascribed- part of your status that you cannot change (race, gender) Status set/role set Status set- an array of social position Role set- a set of roles associated with a single status Master status Master status- the statuses that stick out or mean more than others Construction of reality—ethnomethodology—breaking the rules Ethnomethodology- the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings Breaking the rules- a study that one can do by breaking noms and seeing how people react Dramaturgical analysis—front state/backstage Dramaturgical analysis- the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performances Front/ Back stage- we have stages in which certain people are not invited in to. There fore there are parts of us that we hide from certain people Other concepts/issues—personal space, the social stare, impression management, civil inattention, function of humor, touching,. Personal space- example during class with the male/ male, male/female, female/female walking towards each other. We tend to feel more comfortable with the same sex. Impression management- how do I want to show myself to the public? Civil inattention- seeing something and pretending you did not Humor- often is a sign of real conflict and is a way to express opinions without being serious and relieves tension Ch. 5 Groups and Organizations Primary and secondary groups/relationships—characteristics of each? Primary- usually is long lasting with no goal or an end is wanted. Generally you participate in many activities with this person and there is something meaningful about the relationship. Secondary- goal oriented and is usually short term. Generally are using this person as a mean to an end or a goal. The trend away from primary to secondary relationships—consequences We are losing the value of primary relationships and tend to use others as a mean to an end instead of valuing them Max Weber’s characteristics of bureaucracies Specialization of duties, hierarchy of offices, rules and regulations, technical competence, impersonality, formal/ written communications Potential problems with bureaucracy (Hint: Refer to power point slide on this topic) Bureaucratic alienation, inefficiency, ritualism, inertia, time orientation The consequences of moving to the efficient society with its time pressures/stress We are not taking the time to value what we should. Video: Carl Honore, In Praise of Slowness In the TED talk, he talked about how he didn’t realize the value of reading books to his child. We are creating a society that is faster and not taking the time to value certain things. He stressed the idea of taking the time to realize what is important and slow down to take those moments in. Concepts: Parkinson’s Law, Peter Principle Parkinson’s Law- works to expand to fill up time available for its completion. ex. if you have a month to do something, most wait until the last minute. Peter Principle- Individuals tend to rise to their levels of incompetence. Everyone should be demoted 1 level and things would run more smoothly. ex. a second grade teacher being promoted to principle. The McDonaldization of society Non fast food organizations mimicking the organization and principles of McDonalds. 4 traits- efficiency(get as much done as quickly as possible), predictability(know what you’re getting), Uniformity(standardized products) ,Automation(machines are more efficient than humans, so the more you can do with machines the better) Major difference between a typical U.S. and a Japanese organization The major difference was they went from putting out bad products to good products. They did this by using a more holistic involvement. Ensuring that primary relationships are more significant. collective decision making is used and there are broad based training in all phases of operation. They tend to have lifetime employment instead of moving around. Ch. 6 Sexuality and Society Why is sexuality on interest to sociologists? Because sexuality is learned not a biological thing. They wanna know how society is influencing sexuality. Purposes of sexual activity; consequences of each purpose? Having children- made women a tool Satisfying your husband- double standard toward females Pleasure- sex outside of marriage wasn’t acceptable Recreational activity- lost its value Major issues surrounding sexuality today Premarital sex- having sex before marriage Extramarital sex- having sexual relations outside of your marriage partner Teen pregnancy- highest rate among high income countries, Sex education- when should it be taught in schools, or if it should be taught in schools at all Abortion- The deliberate termination of a pregnancy and it is a women’t right to choose Sexual violence andAbuse- a culture of rape Possible constraints on the sexual revolution of the 60’s Started the feminist movement and lead to women being used and abused. The outbreak of HIV-Aids Sociological perspectives on sexuality Functionalist- looks at how sexual activity can be used to maintain a stable society. What function does sexual activity serve? Interactionist Conflict Feminist- inequalities between men and women Queer- inequalities between those who are straight and those who aren’t ICLICKER QUESTIONS - Question- Large mega- churches often have several thousand members. This illustrates which principle of McDonaldization? - Answer- Efficiency - Question- When do you think sex education should be taught? Answer- 70% said middle school • - Question- Do you believer there is too much emphasis on sex in tv and movies? • Answer- 66% said yes - Question- How do you feel about a man and women having sexual relations before marriage? - Answer- 55% said not wrong at all - Question- How do you feel about extramarital sex? • Answer- 59% said always wrong, 13% said not wrong at all or wrong only sometimes SUMMARIES OF THE VIGNETTES Chapter 4- Harold and Sybil are driving around looking for a certain street. They have been lost and seem to be going in a circle. Sybil suggests asking for directions and that makes Harold angrier. Neither of them understand the others’ decision. Sybil would have asked someone for directions and Harold thinks he is better off finding the street himself. This is because men want to assert their independence and asking for directions is the same as saying you know something I don’t. Women want connectedness and don’t mind the social bonds that are created while asking for help. This creates conflict because neither one of them understands the others’ decision. Chapter 5- This vignette is about the McDonald brothers. The invented “fast food” which was delivering food as quickly as possible for cheap and to a lot of people. They soon opened up many stores world wide with the help of a salesman named Ray Kroc. They are so successful because of their efficient system and have become one of the greatest success stories. Chapter 6- Three girls are walking in the hallway at school talking about one of them hanging out with a boy after school. They are hinting at sexual activity. Sociologist Peter Bearman and 2 others conducted a study that shows the connection between the sexually active students in a town and the spread of STDs. They found that there is a connection between the young adults that are sexually active and the rapid spread of STDs.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.