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Midterm study guide

by: Johnson Womack

Midterm study guide HIST 222

Johnson Womack
GPA 3.08

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About this Document

Here are some extra hints towards some of the things we will have to write on. This is not to completely be a replacement for the study guide, but this could amplify your questions.
History of the United States, 1877 to Present
Dr. Julie Reed
Study Guide
Fordism, Dawes Act, Indians, Great Migration, Industry, Women, efficiency, Filipino War
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Johnson Womack on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 222 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Julie Reed in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see History of the United States, 1877 to Present in History at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 03/05/16
1. Filipino War (1889­1902) ­ Emilio Aguinaldo became the first President in the Philippines and led the  Philippine forces against Spain in the Filipino­American War. ­ Samuel Gompers was an anti­imperialist who led the movement for the American  Federation of Labor helping businesses focus more on collective bargaining. ­ June 1898 Filipino Independence was declared. U.S. ignored this and created  open warfare. o “The barbarian will yield only to Force” was the idea of the warfare. o ­ Also known as the Philippine American war. ­ Happened after the Spanish War of 1898, when Spain broke apart from the  Philippines in the Treaty of Paris. ­ The Treaty sought to gain the Philippines, but Emilio did not want such a thing  and that is what led to the war in the first place. 2. Populism: This was during 1891 to represent the government control of monopolies.  ­ The people who tended to support such systems were those that saw the hardships that  some had to go through as well as children. ­ The women thought “I would not want my child to go through something like that.”  Their children didn’t have to go through with it, but the mothers of the children who  worked in factories needed the money, so they supported it. What would that do to their  way of life?   3. Eugene V. Debs  ­ He spoke against the First World War and was sent to jail under the Sedition act  of 1918. ­ He was nominated for the Socialists party for a 5  time as a candidate while he  was in jail. ­ Presidential Nominee, 1920. o While he was in jail, during the election, he got a million votes. ­ He was set free on Christmas day in 1921. 4. The Gilded Age ­ The age of decadence and borrowing from the banks. ­ This was also the age where farmers were borrowing more than they could after the  war. ­ After the war, many soldiers were living in a state of Carpe Diem and were fighting for  the rights of the black soldiers that fought alongside of them as well as many other  policies that congress proposed. ­ This led to the stock market crash and eventually towards the Great Depression. ­  5. Plessy v. Ferguson: This case was the first attempt towards giving equal access to  public property and not segregating them off.  6. American Federation of Labor  ­ Was responsible for helping workers get their rights established. 7. Woodrow Wilson  Was a Democrat who ran for office. Tried to fix ties with the Panama by getting rid of the Panama Canal Act, which  exempted American ships from paying the required tolls from passage into the US Interventionist policies He signed a treaty with South America to apologize for Theodore Roosevelt’s previous  actions towards Colombia.  He bought the Virgin Islands of Denmark. Haiti: 1915 established a protectorate, established a new Haitian president, improved the  education, but the work was forced labor. There were some 3,000 deaths during this time. This did not give the US favorable views from Haiti for quire some time. In Central Europe, Germany allied itself with the Austrian­Hungarian Empire. Archduke Franz­Ferdinand was assassinated. Austria declares war on Serbia, July 28,  1914. Wilson sought neutrality.  This was difficult since German­Americans sided with Austria and the Irish­Americans  believed that a British defeat would free Ireland. Eventually, Wilson knew that war  would still happen. Mexico was part of a bloody revolution when Victoriano Huerta, a Mexican General,  overthrew the nation’s government and declared himself as its dictator. Wilson,  eventually declared war on Huerta along with the help of Argentina, Brazil and Chile,  forced Huerta out of Mexico and, in 1915, established leadership with Venustiano  Carranza. The people of Mexico overthrew Carranza and started another civil war. The  second one was ended in 1917 with a peaceful mediation. Created the 14­point plan. ­ November 1918 ­ 5 points were for those who were in the German empires and 9 were for were for  better treatment for those affected by the war. ­ Treaty of Versailles in 1919 was also part of the program. ­ Germany took responsibility for starting the war, pay huge reparations for the  allies, destroy military bases, and not purchase military armaments. ­ Americans lost 115,000 soldiers, but others lost 8 million soldiers and 7 million  civilians that were lost.  8. Henry Ford  ­ Henry Ford led the technological innovation, which would become known as  Fordism. ­ Ford: “It was so monotonous, it seemed scarcely possible that any man would  care to continue long at the same job.” ­ He helped become one of the people who started the gospel of efficiency 9. Dawes Act: This gave the American Government the right to look at Indian land and  divide however he saw fit.  10. Spoils System: One would obtain a position of power simply through connections.  This was very common in the 1900’s and was given to those who supported a political  party. If one were elected, they would receive their job. 11. Gospel of Efficiency  a. Some industrialists thought that governments would help with developing safety  regulations. b. One of the most notable people who started it was Henry Ford, who 12. Great Migration ­ This movement moved 6 million African Americans from the south to the west from  1910­1970. ­ 40% of the black population that made up Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and Texas was  gone. ­ In Mississippi, the black population decreased by 56%. ­ Those who were educated got better jobs during the migration, but those that weren’t  still faced severe discrimination. Ethnic white Americans feared the possibility of losing  jobs.


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