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Study Guide for Midterm

by: Alexis Reynolds

Study Guide for Midterm HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865)

Alexis Reynolds

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Term from each lecture provided, with snapshots of each term
Survey of American History Since 1865
Steven Watts
Study Guide
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexis Reynolds on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865) at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Steven Watts in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History Since 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 03/05/16
Study terms: Lecture 1  Market Revolution o Transformative event  o Changed economic and social structure in society  Household Economy o Task oriented work  Task at hand needs to be done, not dependent on time o St. Monday  Fun on weekends, no work on Monday if you had a  hangover  o Temperance  Consumption of alcohol  Market economy o Time oriented work  Time is money  o Paternalism   Authority flowed downward, a way to put society  together o Self­made man  Building yourself o Self­control  Control over sexual desires, etc.  o Domesticity o Sylvester Graham  Control sexual desires, sex only 12 times a year with wife o Catherine Becker  Wrote a book on how to be a true woman o Christian Gentleman  Competitive in business, let woman run the show at  home o True Woman  Moral figure, ran home, not for competition  Lecture 2 Republic Party (Party of Christian gentlemen) o Free Labor  Use own power and labor, creed to self­made man,  banner for Republican party Ostend Manifesto o Blueprint to spread slavery Paternalism  o Slavery owners were paternal figures, strong look after the  weak Plantation Novels (fictional, made slavery look happy) o Uncle Tom’s Cabin  Everything the Northern hated, story about plantation  life, best seller George Fitzhugh o Thought northern were cannibals, north infected with wage  slavery Slavery in Territories o Bleeding Kansas  North and South tired to convince Kansas to pick sides  with violence, applied to be apart of the Union Mass Production o Singer sewing company  Helped create uniforms for soldiers, rose economic  ladder o Total war Lecture 3 Andrew Jackson o Liked Lincoln’s attitude towards south, impeached by 1 vote,  drank a lot Radical Republicans  o Thaddeus Stevens  Leader of radical republicans, thought south deserved  harsher punishment o Freeman’s Bureau  Helped ex­slaves with schools, medical care, jobs, etc. Rutherford B. Hayes  o Compromise of 1877  South accepted Hayes’s presidency, Hayes opened up  jobs for southerners, ended militant government,  Samuel Tilden  o Ran against Hayes, lost to 1 vote from commission  The new south  o Henry Grady  Pushed for textile factories o Ku Klux Klan  Kept African Americans in place with installing fear in  the south o Crop lien system  African Americans had to give money to ex­slave owners to grow crops o Jim Crow Laws  Harsh laws to keep African Americans in place in the  south  Lecture 4 Transcontinental Railroad o Connected two oceans, completed in 1869 Oklahoma land rush o Indians pushed to smaller land, Europeans claim land Horatio Alger o Wrote same story about orphan building himself up to be  successful (self­made man) Gospel of wealth o Ex. Andrew Carnegie  Gave to community, donated to schools and libraries Confidence man o Fraudulent man, schemer, “used car sells men” Jay Gould (example of confidence man) o New York gold conspiracy  Bought gold and then dumped it into the market causing  bankruptcy for a lot of business men  Industrial capitalism Tramp culture o Hobos who left everything Kosher food riot o Jewish women who ran in grocery stores and burnt food Pullman strike o Railroad strike in Chicago, angry about wage cuts Lecture 5 Share cropping o Bigger farmers rented out land to smaller farmers, got a big %  of crops from small farmers The Grange o Group of famers came together to sell products  National Farms’ Alliance o Wanted tariff lowered and for the government to tax the  wealthy  The People’s Party (voice of farmers in politics) o Tom Watson National railroad strike o Railroad destroyed, eats to west, angry because of wage cuts,  violent Homestead strike o Strikers bombed, 8 radicals were blamed and convicted Coxey’s army o Result of depression, people form Ohio, used old Union  uniforms and marched to Washington, scared the government,  driven away by police Knights of labor o Reformed union, 8hr day, abolishment of child labor Eugene V. Debs o Socialist, fought for workers to control industry  American Federation of Labor o Samuel Gompers  Reject socialist, radicals, and reformed unions, focused  on concrete benefits (lower hours, higher wages, better  conditions) Lecture 6 Scientific racism (eastern and southern Europeans were biologically  inferior) o Henry Cabot Lodge  Fueled his campaign  Theodore Roosevelt  o Race suicide  Immigrant birth rate going up while American birth rate  going down, against birth control  Monopoly Capitalism (bog companies ran society)  o Charles Schwab (US Steel)  Example of monopoly capitalism, bought Andrew  Carnegie’s steel company  Standard time o Set up to match trains when going around the country Herbert Spencer o First to express that Victorian culture was weighing heavy on  people Liberal Protestantism  o No real heaven and hell, promoted being a good person Neurasthenia o George M. Beard   Discovered neurasthenia, got complaints of feeling  hopeless, fear of society and responsibility, wrote a book  titled American Nervousness  Victorian culture crushed people’s spirit (too strict) Lecture 7 Depression of 1893 o Second worse depression, 100,00 bankruptcy’s Spanish American War (America helps Cuba gain independence from  Spain) o Admiral George Dewey  Destroyed Spanish army and navy Men of Dartmouth o Poem written about football players at Dartmouth Civil religion o Military value Theodore Roosevelt o Rough Riders  Composed of ivy league football players and cowboys,  lead by Roosevelt to battle Yellow press o Sensationalized war, taught them a lesson The Philippines o Emilio Aguinaldo  Lead rebels in war against Americans  William James/ Mark Twain o Disappointed in America in not following it’s values (against  war) Lecture 8  Credit Mobilier Trust o Railroad companies paid off legislature to pass legislation in  their favor  Bossism (buying off immigrants for votes) o Ex. Tammany Hall o George Washington Plunkitt  Journalist convinced him to write a book  Muckrakers (investigated corrupt politics and exposed the politicians) o Ida Tarbell o Lincoln Steffens  Initiative and Referendum o Let people vote for legislation  Robert Lafollette o Symbol of progressivism   Square deal o Pushed forward national progressive agenda  National Civic Federation o Devoted to public life, represented businesses, government,  labor, and education,   New Nationalism  o Roosevelt’s program in presidency (1912), needed big  businesses and government to put forward public good Lecture 9 Consumer Capitalism  o Modern capitalism opposed to the market capitalism Corporate liberalism  o Self fulfillment o New value consumer capitalism  Bureaucracies Woodrow Wilson o For League of Nations, President in 1912, regulated  competition, Victorian Christian gentleman War industries board o Regulated production, funded industries for war, manager of  industry Selective Service Act o Drafting men for the war George Creel ‘Committee of Public Information’ o Created to get people endured with war, funded by government, put pressure on males League of Nations o Created so no more wars would start, reject by congress,  international organization Treaty of Versailles o Ended the war, harsh toward Germany Chicago Race Riots o Lasted 10 days, happened at Lake Michigan, violent, southern  problems now in the north “Red Scare” o Revolution of Russia A. Mitchell Palmer o Cracked down on unions, did some illegal things Lecture 10 Frederick Winslow Taylorism (created assembly line, all about  efficiency)  o Scientific Management o Time and motion studies  Timing employees, cut time of production Industrial psychology (breaks, lounges for breaks, counselors,  company sports teams) o Elton Mayo o Hawthorne Experiment  Efficiency study, production went up when employees  were being watched, took place in Chicago plant AFL o Samuel Gompers  Accepted Taylorism and consumer capitalism  Protective Legislation (looked at labor issues, came up with solutions) o Ex: Triangle Shirtwaist Fire  Fire in women’s sweatshop, 47 women died Lecture 11 Henry Ford o Successful owner of Ford Motor Company, popularized  automobiles, used assembly line Self fulfillment o New value of consumer capitalism  Personality o Dale Carnegie, How to Win Friends and Influence People   Taught public speaking, argued that personality can  create success Abundance o Domestic Science (being shaped in schools) o Good Housekeeping  Advertising the latest consumer goods, declaration war  on germs Bruce Barton, The Man Nobody Knows o Personality is key to success not only in the business world but  also in personal life Lecture 12 Sinclair Lewis, Babbitt o Famous novelist, Babbittery= symbol of 1920’s Prohibition o Consumption and selling alcohol became legal, secret bars,  Mob took over Chicago (rum runners) Billy Sunday o Religious rock star, got people worked up over traditional  morally, attacked immorality of modern culture Scopes Trial o Biology convicted of breaking a local law by teaching evolution Ku Klux Klan o Anti­immigrant, slogan “ 100% American”, extreme example  of culture conservation Sacco and Vanzetti o Italian immigrants, convicted of robbery and killing a security,  showed society against radicals Lost Generation  o Alienated from consumer materalistism Flappers o Seductive women, threw away Victorian culture of true woman  Marcus Garvey  o Black Nationalism  Forms Universal Negro Improvement Association,  promotes separatism from mainstream white economic  society  Harlem Renaissance (flowering of black culture) o Langston Hughes  Poet, promoted collaboration with American civilization o Louis Armstrong o Bessie Smith  Fused music (traditional blues with fast driving rhythm) 


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