Music in World Cultures 302 Midterm Study Guide
Music in World Cultures 302 Midterm Study Guide 302
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by catherrinedoll on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 302 at Humboldt State University taught by Novotney,ED in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Music in World Culture in Music at Humboldt State University.
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Date Created: 03/05/16
Study Guide for MUS 302 Identify instruments according to H & S Instrument Classification and indigenous culture area: MANDE 1. Kora: Chordophone 2. Balafon (Bala): Idiophone MBUTI 1. Molimo: Aerophone SHONA 1. Deze: Idiophone 2. Hosho: Idiophone 3. Kalimba (Karimba): Idiophone 4. Mbira dza Vadzimu: Idiophone Identify and use and the following terminology (be able to associate these) MANDE 1. Sula: Upper social class, nonspecialists, not related to wealth, just the class someone is born into, “they don’t get their hands dirty” 2. Nyamalo: Lower social class, occupational specialists, “they get their hands dirty” (this is where musicians stand) 3. Jali (Djeli): musicians, historically known as both professionals and specialists 4. Kumbengo: the instrumental core song component 5. Birmintingo: the instrumental elaboration song component 6. Donkilo: the vocal core song component 7. Sataro: the vocal elaboration song component 8. Mali: the Kingdom of Mali and the Mali Empire is what the Mande culture is linked back to MBUTI 1. Ituri Rainforest: the location of this culture 2. Molimo Ceremony: a spiritual ceremony to essencially wake the forest up since they associate divinity with the forest 3. Pygmy: one of five human groups in Africa, located in the Midwest part of the country SHONA: 1. Bira Ceremony: Trance induction ceremony to communicate with spirits of ancestors 2. Great Zimbabwe: Shona culture is historically linked to Great Zimbabwe 1270CE 1450CE 3. Huro: high pitched vocal “yodeling” song component 4. Kudeketera: the text, Shona poetry vocal song component 5. Kushara: “to lead” instrumental song component 6. Kutsinhira: “to follow” instrumental song component 7. Mahonyera: low pitched syllabic “moaning” vocal song component 8. Rhodesia: what Zimbabwe becomes when Europe takes control and is a British Colony in the late 1800’s (independence was gained in 1980) 9. Zimbabwe: is the name of the location again after Rhodesia DEFINE the following terms 1. Aesthetic: a set of principles pertaining to the criticism of taste 2. Form: structural organization 3. Meter: the pattern in which a steady succession of beats is organized 4. Tempo: the rate of the speed of the beats 5. Timbre: tone color 6. Dynamic: volume, from very soft to very loud 7. Pitch: the location of sound in the tonal range proceeding from low to high 8. Rhythm: a patterned configuration of attacks 9. Melody: an organized set of pitches played in succession 10. Harmony: an organized set of pitches played simultaneously 11. Consonance: “with sound” agreeable sounds 12. Dissonance: “against sound” disagreeable sounds Identify and use the following terminology 1. Call + Response: vocal musical component of the Mbuti culture 2. Emic: a point of view from inside the culture 3. Etic: a point of view from outside the culture 4. Hocket: vocal musical component of the Mbuti culture meaning alternating fragments between two or more sound sources combined to create a single melody 5. Interlock: fitting an idea into the spaces left by another 6. Lamellophone: an idiophone with plucked keys 7. Organology: the study of musical instruments 8. SelfDelectative: music where the producer and the consumer are one in the same 9. Relative pitch: a tone’s position, higher or lower, as compared with some other tone 10. Absolute pitch: a tone’s fixed position in the entire range of musical tones 11. Periodic rhythm: occurring at regular and measurable intervals 12. Non periodic rhythm: not occurring at regular and measurable intervals 13. Berlin Conference: basically where the carving of Africa took place 14. Specialist: a person devoted to one particular pursuit, highly skilled 15. Professional: a person who sustains their livlihood with the activity 16. Oral/Aural Tradition: Observation becomes imitation which becomes participation 17. Harp: subcategory of chordophone, must have a body and a triangular frame, usually three pieces, and strings are stretched from the body to the frame 18. Lyre: subcategory of chordophone, must have a body, yoke, and crossbar, the strings are stretched between the body and the crossbar and supported by the yoke 19. Lute: subcategory of chordophone, must have a body and a neck, the strings are stretched from the body to the neck 20. Zither: subcategory of chordophone, must have a body, the strings stretch from one end of the body to the other Identify the following people 1. Sunjata Kieta: King of the Mande 2. Erich Hornbostel and Curt Sachs: creators of the instrument classification system 3. Victor Charles Mahillon: created the system, but never named the groups Listening Examples 1. Mande: Mande Kora Music Ala L’a Ke a. homophonic texture (vocals dominant over Kora) 2. Mbuti: BaMbuti Vocal Music Alima Girls Initiation Music a. polyphonic texture (multipart vocals) 3. Shona: Shona Mbira Music Nyamaropa a. homophonic texture (vocals dominant over Mbira & Hosho)
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