Environmental Science midterm study guide
Environmental Science midterm study guide GES 101
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Friedrichsen on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GES 101 at Colorado State University taught by Susan E. Melzer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Environmental Sustainability in Global Studies at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Environmental Science Midterm Notes: Important Terms: 3 legs of Sustainability: Economic leg, Environmental leg, and Social leg. Sustainability: encompasses many interactions and priorities. The ability of earth’s systems to adapt and survive indefinitely. Environmental Science: focuses on how the earth works and our interactions with the earth and how to deal with environmental problems. Ecology: the relationships between the environment and its organisms. Environmentalism: a movement that focuses on protecting earth and its natural systems. Sound Science: ideas and concepts that are widely accepted. Living Sustainably: Living off of what is produced for you in a way that will allow systems to continue to function and provide for future generations. Resource: anything that is obtained through the earth and is wanted or needed. o Direct: something that is easily obtainable like sun or water. o Indirect: something that takes work to obtain like oil. Perpetual Resources: continuously renewable on a human time scale. Renewable Resources: replenish fairly rapidly like plants and wildlife. Sustainable yield: The most output of a resource while allowing it to continue developing at a usable rate. Environment: Earth’s system that both directly and indirectly effect humans. Chlorofluorocarbons: are not soluble in water and come from areoles. Biotic Factors: organisms interacting with other species. Climate: average yearly temperature combined with yearly rain. Temperate Rainforest: coniferous forests that run along coast lines. Temperate Deciduous Forest: trees with broad leafs, trees form a canopy, but sunlight still comes through. Temperate Grasslands: bitter cold winters and hot, dry summers. Savannas: Hot wet seasons and dry cold seasons. Deserts: Hot days and cold nights because the heat isn’t captured anywhere. Tropical Rainforests: richest ecosystem, always warm with plenty of water fall, also very diverse species. Topography: surface features of the land. Monson climate: wet ocean winds blow on shore for part of the year. Oligotrophic lake: nutrient poor and don’t sustain many things. Eutrophic lakes: nutrient rich and have high productivity. Littoral Zone: the shallow area at the edge of the ocean. Neritic zone: beyond the low tide zone. Climatology: studying climate over both time and space. (as the years pass over many climates or geographical regions.) Mitigation: active progression of eradicating the cause and effect process. Adaption: an active processes of systems changing in order to fit into new needs and meet new needs. Surface Water: Includes lakes, streams, and rivers. Ground Water: Includes ground water tables and aquafers. Hydrologic Cycle: Is the processes of the movement of water including evaporation and condensation. Undernutrition: lake of food intake or low food intake over a long period of time, may also be low absorption of nutrients in food. Chronic hunger: when someone receives less nutrients in their food on a regular basis. Malnutrition: Includes many foods related diseases including unbalanced food intake, lake of vitamins and nutrients, chronic hunger, etc. Obesity: having too much body fat; not the same as being overweight generally. Essential Nutrients: The vitamins, minerals, fats, and acids required to feed the cells in a body. Food Security: means that the people have economic and physical accesses to necessary food and because of this will be less likely to run in with food based diseases. Food Insecurity: when you lack the physical and economical means to be able to obtain necessary foods to maintain healthy body statues. Perpetually Low Prices: appeal to consumers and cause farming to be an everlasting business. Biodiversity: a large range of species in plants and animals. Preventive Medicine: application of preventive methods used by medical practitioners. Community Medicine: study of health and disease as defined within a community. Vaccination: Protects individuals and communities from disease. Containment: accepts the disease within one area but holds it there to keep it from being an epidemic. Elimination: herd immunity; a disease is introduced into an area but doesn’t spread because the herd is immune to it. Eradication: permanent reduction to zero of a disease. Topics to consider: Food Miles: How far does your food travel and what is used to get it to you. Food Consumption: Understanding malnutrition verse obesity verses overweight. Malnutrition is not receiving enough of the vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, etc. that are necessary for the cells within the body. Whereas obesity is having too high of a body fat percentage and overweight means that there may be extra fat, but that weight may also come from bone density and size as well as other factors. What sustainability means: Having enough resources for many generations to continue to use and reuse throughout the years. Different Types of Resources: renewable or nonrenewable and the subcategories within each. Look to terms above for help. What is ecology?
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