Unit 2 Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Danae Sorensen on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FDWLD101-01 at a university taught by Brother Yost in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Moral Revelation Indus Valley Civilization and Vedic - inherent Aryanism - social class - Principle #1: God revealed moral - Karma truths - Height from 2500-1700 BC - actions Who received these truths? - Sophisticated city structure, - law of cause and effect - Muhammad, Confucius, The straight street standardized building materials, sewer systems, - corresponding, inescapable effect Reformers, Socrates, Plato - status of your next birth, physical What did they receive and why? large granaries appearance, social status, health - portion of God’s light - Vedic Period 1500-600 BC - Vedas: sacred books; composed - “white seeds produce white fruit, - enlighten whole nations and compiled; four collections black seeds produce black fruit…” - higher level of understanding to - Upanisad Texts individuals 1. Rgveda(Rigveda): hymns - new ideas and questions arise 2. Samaveda: knowledge of chants they were great teachers 3. Yajurveda: knowledge of rites - provides solutions and answers - Principle #2: These Moral truths - Yoga prepare his children 4. Atharvaveda: rituals used at - to yolk Where to begin, where to end? home and popular prayers to the - asceticism of the upanisad texts Gods - Tolerance - Moksa - Appreciation - oral collection of hymns - liberation - Respect - The four Varna (classes) - control of physical appetites - Principle #3: God’s blessings are - Brahmin: priests -Kshatriya: warrior - meditation for all people - discipline the mind - Presentism: view the past through -Vaishyas: the people - realization the present -Shudras: servants - Brahman - ethnocentrism: the “other” Developments in Hinduism and - universal principle (ex:Soviet Union was Americas - ultimate reality “other” during the cold war) the search for Atman - everywhere and inside each living - cultural enmity - Samsara - spiritual oneness among all living How to engage with the “other” - cycle of birth and death creatures - ask believer about their faith- not - The four Asrama (stages of life) - can be unending 1. Student their enemies - several questions - compare “bests” to “bests” - Atman 2. Householder - cultivate Holy Envy - true self 3. Forest-dweller 4. Ascetic - eternal - unchanging essence - Dharma - duty Introduction to Buddhism in South - social and moral obligations Asia - 3 Jewels of Buddhism - 3 Paths canopy - Buddha - Karma: duty and action - jewel around his neck - Dharma - Jnana: wisdom - Ganesha - Sangha - Bhakti: devotion - remover of obstacles - Buddha: The Awaken One - The 3 Margas or Ways - god of intellect and wisdom - Dharma: teachings of the Buddha - Karmamarga- the way of action - son of Shiva and Parvati - 4 Noble Truths - Jnanamarga- the way of - elephant head - Duhkha: all life is suffering knowledge - broken tusk - Tanha: thirst; there is a cause for -Bhaktimarga- the way of devotion - multiple arms that suffering - Puja: ritual reverence - large belly - Nirvana: there can be a cessation - prayer - Devi to suffering - offerings (flowers, sweets, - supreme goddess - 5 precepts incense) - power that manifests the universe - no killing, stealing lying, sexual - circumambulation (walking immortality, drunkenness around in a sacred space Overview of Chinese History and - Karma Civilization - produced not just y our action but - music - Darsan (seeing and being seen by - Shang Dynasy: also by our thoughts God) - it is not just by action but also by - Shiva: - 1600-1045 thought that we determine who we - known for their bronze work - lord of destruction - Zhou Dynasty become - half male half female - Sangha- Community - creates, sustains - rebelled and conqured Shang - 3 poisons Dynasty around 1045 - desire - meditation - divided into various tributary - third eye - delusion - snake necklace states - hatred - Warring States Period - Arhat: someone who has attained - tiger skin - competing states the goal of religious life - Vishnu - two centuries of non-stop war - kingly god - Confucianism and Daoism - avatara doctrine - Qin Dynasty Devotional (Bhakti) Hinduism - 221 BC - preserve order - Bhagavah-Gita - many different representations - single ruler; terracotta soldiers - syncretic text - four arms: one holding a mace, - Han Dynasty - adopted Confucianism as state- - blends various beliefs together one a discus, one a conch shell, sponsored ideology into a cohesive whole one a lotus flower - lasted for 400 years - Solution? Must act and control his - U-shaped tikka - Period of Disunion desires and devote to the religion - death of last Han emperor in 220 - multiple headed serpent as a - Buddhism became more popular - Tang dynasty - 618 CE
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