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UA / Classical Studies / CLST 160 / What happened in the judgement of paris?

What happened in the judgement of paris?

What happened in the judgement of paris?

Description

School: University of Arizona
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Topics in Culture and Civilization, Classical Mythology
Professor: Teske
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Classical Mythology
Cost: 50
Name: Study Guide for exam on Wednesday, 3/9
Description: This study guide specifically covers what Teske has mentioned in his review sheet that is posted on D2L. If you want a more detailed description of each god/goddess mentioned, it would be a good idea to check out my other notes as well.
Uploaded: 03/07/2016
3 Pages 58 Views 7 Unlocks
Reviews


Zeus


What happened in the judgement of paris?



- Patronage

o Ancient Olympic games dedicated to Zeus

o Linked to an eagle  

- Love Interests

o Io (daughter of Inachus, a river-god, and a mortal mother) is  raped by Zeus

 Zeus tries to hide his infidelity from Hera by turning her  into a beautiful white cow but Hera asks for the cow as a  

gift and Zeus reluctantly hands her over

 Hera places the 100-eyed herdsman, Argus, on guard  

 Later, she makes herself known to her father by writing her name in the dirt with her hoof

 Hermes eventually us sent to slay Argus and Hera takes  Argus’ eyes and places them on the tail-feathers of her  

sacred bird, the peacock.

 Hera sends a gadfly to pursue Io over the earth- she later  meets Prometheus at the world’s end and he consoles her  by predicting that she will be transformed back to human  


Who is the brother of zeus?



shape when she reaches the Nile

o Callisto  

 Favorite nymph of the virginal huntress, Arteis  

 One day she gets separated from the other nymphs and  Zeus approaches her in the form of Artenus then changes  back into Zeus and rapes her

 She returns to the nynphs, but does not reveal what  

happened. After 9 months, they strip her clothes and it  

reveals she is pregnant. Artmeis banishes her because she  is no longer a virgin

 Gives birth to a handsome boy, Arcas. Hera, pissed at her  “competition” turns Callisto into a bear. If you want to learn more check out How do you name a compound?

 About 15 years later, Arcas ia out hunting and sees the  bear. He is about to kill it but Zeus doesn’t want that to  

happen so he turns them both into the constellations, Ursa  Major and Ursa Minor {“Big Bear and Little Bear”


Who is athena?



 Even then Hera is still jealous of her rival, so she asks  

Oceanus not to let these stars bathe in his waters.  

o Euorpa

 Zeus saw her playing with her friends

 Approached the group of girls in the form of a bull

 Kidnapped Europa and took her to the island of Crete  

- Salmoneus’ death as human sacrifice

o After a period of drought and famine, Salmoneus, a kind of Elis,  rode out from his palace in his chariot proclaiming that he was  Zeus. He dragged bronze kettles behind chariot and threw  torches through the street. ( to replicate thunder and lightening)  Storm clouds rolled in and he was struck dead by a thunderbolt.  If you want to learn more check out Has anyone ever used humor to put you down?

o Apparently the king was performing a kind of imitative weather  magic  

- Bloodthirsty wolf cult of Mt. Lycaeon in Arcadia, Pausanias (Greek  traveler) discusses aspects of this cult

o Ovid tells how Zeus visits king Lycaon’s palace, when Lycaon  tried to serve Zeus a hostage in a cannibalistic stew. Zeus  destroyed the palace and as Lycaon fled into the wild he was  turned in a wolf  

o Ovid says Lycaon could now give into his blood thirst and feast in the wild

o Pausanias mentions that if the transformed man lived as a wolf  for 9 years in the wilds without partaking again of human parts,  then he would be returned to human shape

o Plato says that a concoction of human and animal parts was  consumed by the initiates of the cult and then they turned into  wolves (no human remains have yet been found)

o Scholar W. Burkert says that perhaps the initiates merely  believed they were ingesting human flesh and that was enough  to effect a spiritual change in them

Hera

- Wife to Zeus and stern upholder of morality and the sanctity of  marriage. (ironic considering she is married to Zeus)  

- Judgment of Paris

o All the gods and goddesses were invited to the wedding feast of  Peleus and Thetis except Eris “Strife”, the goddess of Discord,  was exceled. So Eris crafted a golden apple inscribed “for the  fairest”. All three goddesses think they deserve the apple. We also discuss several other topics like What is antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity (adcc)?

o Zeus not wanting to judge the beauty of the 3 has Hermes lead  them to Mt. Ida near Troy where a young shepherd, the Trojan  Paris, will choose who is most stunning

o The beauty contest becomes akin to a bribery contest: Hera  promises Paris rule over Europe and Asia; Athena says that she  will make Paris the most Formidable warrior on earth; and  Aphrodite offers him the most beautiful woman in the world,  queen Helen of Sparta  

o Paris chooses Aphrodite and awards her the golden apple  o Because Aphrodite was picked as the most beautiful, she will  always favor the Trojans but Hera and Athena who were slighted,

will despise the Trojans and do all they can to back the Greeks  and bring about Troy’s destruction.  

Poseidon  

- God of the sea, brother of Zeus.  

Athena  

- Her wondrous birth helps to define her as a divinity  

o Zeus mates Metis “Wisdom” and fearing his overthrow by one of  his offspring, he swallows the pregnant mother

o When she comes to full term Zeus gets a “splitting” headache  and Hephaestus cuts open her head  

o Out pops Athena in fully grown, dressed in battle gear and gives  a battle cry  

- Arachne Myth

o A girl named Arachne is boasting about how she is the best  weaver but does not give credit to the gods for her skills (Athena  is goddess of spinning/weaving) We also discuss several other topics like What is high viscosity?
If you want to learn more check out What is viral neutralization?

o Athena comes down and challenges her to a weaving dual o Athena weaves a picture of the gods and all their triumphs while  Arachne weaves a tapestry of the god’s misdoings  

o Athena, not able to find anything technically wrong with  Arachne’s weaving is still pissed off and threatens Arachne  o Arachne tries to kill herself but right before she is able to do so,  Athena has a moment of “pity” and turns her into a spider so  that Arachne and all her descendants would be great weavers for eternity  If you want to learn more check out Discuss how the concept of ‘careers open to talent’ and the ideas of adam smith, malthus, and ricardo contributed to the formation of classical liberalism. how were they reflected in or used to justify the practices of factory and mine owners involving wo

*THIS GUIDE COVERS WHAT HE HAS POSTED ON HIS REVIEW SHEET. WE  STILL HAVE ONE MORE DAY OF NOTES AND HE MIGHT COVER MORE IN THAT  CLASS.  

*THERE ISN’T ANYTHING ON POSIEDON ON THIS STUDY GUIDE BECAUSE  TESKE’S REVIEW SHEET DOESN’T FOCUS ON THIS GOD MUCH

*MY WEEKLY NOTES ARE A TOUCH MORE DETIALED THAN THIS STUDY GUIDE  SO IF YOU ARE STILL UNSURE, GO AHEAD AND TAKE A LOOK AT THOSE TOO.  THE NAME OF MY NOTES THAT WILL COVER THE MATERIAL FOR THIS EXAM  ARE CALLED:

- Zeus

- Notes 2/22- 2/26

- Athena (will be posted after class Monday 3/7)

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