GEO135 - Study Guide Exam #1
GEO135 - Study Guide Exam #1 GEO 135
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shannon Surell on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GEO 135 at Illinois State University taught by David Johnson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 325 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Education and Teacher Studies at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Geography 135 David Johnson Study Guide Exam 1 Multiple Choice Stems WITH Answers 1 If a place is located by degrees minutes and seconds of latitude and longitude we have specified its Absolute location 2 A thing that sort of looks like a map but clearly isn t and is used to depict some quantity such as population is called a Cartogram 3 The European State Model became generally accepted with the the Treaty of Westphalia 4 Projecting the Earth onto a cone creates a standard parallel 5 A geographer would say that technically a nation involves a functioning common government it historically meant people of common birth 6 A vernacular region would be defined by a region in which we perceive it 9 there are not specific descriptions of it just a general knowledge or mental perception of it 7 Climate is longterm conditions of weather in a region aggregate of weather over time what does the weather look like over time 8 In general how many degrees separate the International Date Line from the Prime Meridian 180 degrees 9 How many great circles can be drawn that pass through San Francisco and London 1 circle 10 What organization is associated with the incomes method of describing development World Bank 11 Ethnicity is combination of people s culture traditions customs language and religion and racial ancestryheritage 12 Rustication is to make rustic out in the sticks out in the hinterland to send people to live out in the farm country 13 Magnetic declination refers to these are the separate sets of lines on a map that tell you how much you need to add or subtract from the number a compass gives you True North points straight towards the North Pole Magnetic North is actually in Greenland 9 where most compasses point 14 The term Corn Belt This is a vernacular region or one that we perceive rather than something actually seen on a map This region is in the Midwest and shows roughly where we believe corn is grown 15 A state technically implies You have to have a functioning government and you have to be recognized as a state by someone else 16 The politicalaffiliation Cold War method of defining development is roughly credited to Vladimir Lenon 17 Assuming standard atmospheric pressure 101325hPa ice melts at 00C water boils at 212oF How many Fahrenheit degrees Fo separate the two temperatures F C x 95 32 9 0 degrees C x 95 32 9 32 degrees Fahrenheit 9 212 degrees minus 32 degrees 180 degrees separate the temperatures 18 One 1 kilometer km is approximately 62 miles or 58 of a mile 19 A climate designated D as in lecture notes would be Humid Cold 20 Believing that environment governs our actions is called environmental determinism 21 The term Second World means the communist Soviet Union and other countries apart of this in Eastern Europe 22 We normally speak of a standard parallel on what kind of map projection Conic projection 23 The Borscht Belt is A very popular vacation spot for Jewish people borscht is a type of soup that poor people would typically eat and was typically served at this vacation spot 24 Functional or nodal regions are marked less by its sameness and more by its dynamic internal structure its main focus is usually its central node 9 this is the main focal point of an area where most of the connectivity to outside locations takes place 25 A hectare is very roughly 2471 acres The easiest way to study this information is to cover up the definitions and try to define the terms in your own words before looking at the actual definition l have provided The number associated with the terms is the number that goes with them in the Introduction of the textbook The numbers that have a are actually part of chapter 1 pg 39 Term Definition Scale 3 Small scale ratio between map distance and realworld distance is expressed as a fraction Operational scale scale at which social or natural processes operate or play out Geographic Realm 4 Each possess a particular combo of environmental cultural and organizational properties Transition Zone 5 The location where two geographical realms meet Absolute Location 7 A location that has specific latitude and longitude coordinates Relative Location 8 Location of a place in reference to other regions Formal Region 9 When regions display a measurable and usually visible internal homogeneity similarity Spatial system 1 0 Areas that are marked by the way they work or their functional integration the areas are determined by the activities that define them Hinterland 11 The area that surrounds a regions core Functional Region 12 Contains a core and periphery it is forged by a structured urban centered system of interaction Continental drift 14 The idea that the landmasses we consider continents originally came from a supercontinent called Pangea but has now broken up and these land masses drifted apart Tectonic Plates 15 Heavy rocks that continents rest on nd can collide with each other due to movement caused by hot magma below them Ice Age 17 An extremely long period of coldness that chills the Earth and causes major ecological changes Glaciation 18 These are the cold periods during an ice age glaciers expand and living spaces shnnk lnterglacials 19 These are the warmer periods of an ice age ice recedes towards the poles and the glaciers melt we are living in one now called Holocene Global Climate Change 20 A natural warming phase that has now been sped up due to human causes Population distribution 22 Expresses the different population levels of areas around the world Urbanization 23 This is the percentage of the total population living in cities and towns Culturecultural landscape 24 The distinctive attributes of a society that is imprinted on its portion of the world s physical stage State 25 A place that contains a government and is recognized by the international community it also requires a permanent resident population an organized economy and a functioning internal circulation system Sovereignty 26 Government of a state rules supreme within its borders European State Model 27 A state that is governed by a representative government from a capital city Development 28 This gauges a state s economic social and institutional growth Core Area 29 Locations where the people exert their power over the surrounding areas Periphery 30 This is the area that surrounds the core area of a region NationState 5 A territorial state that is embodied by its culturally distinctive population Nation 6 People who have a particular language common history similar ethnic background etc Other Information that may be important 0 0 00000000 Longitude lines NorthSouth o Called meridians Latitude lines EastNVest o Called parallels 1 degree 60 minutes Tropic of Cancer North and Tropic of Capricorn South 9 located at 235 degrees North or South Arctic 9 located at 665 degrees North or South 1 minute of latitude 9 1 nautical mile Map depicts physical features Chart a map people added data to Prime meridian 0 degrees longitude International Date Line 180 degrees longitude Nautical mile knot distance not speed Meteorological first day of a season beginning of a certain month ex Autumn Sept 1 Astronomical first day of a season about three weeks after the meteorological first day of a season ex Autumn Sept 23 Von Thunen s rings had a core and then surrounding rings that had less production and industrialization Conformal shape is going to look like the real shape 0000 We want to have equal area distances and shapes on a 2D map but it is impossible so no map is perfect Cylindrical Mercator projection paper is tangent at the equator 0 Transverse Mercator tangent to the Earth at where someone wants to travel to Conic projection a cone shaped piece of paper is laid on top of the globe and creates a standard parallel which means if laid perfectly at the North Pole the paper will be perfectly tangent at one latitude line Polyconic projection the paper is tangent at multiple points on the globe Azimuthal projection paper touches the globe at one point Conversion of Fahrenheit to Celsius C F 32 x 5 9 Conversion of Celsius to Fahrenheit F C x 95 32
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