∙ Scientific Names are written in italics.
∙ Eg: Taraxacum officinale
Taraxacum: Genus name
Officinale: specific epithet
∙ Specific epithet: describes the plant
∙ Common name tells you something important about the plant ∙ Red maple is commonly found in Wisconsin
∙ Swamp maple is commonly found in Chicago
∙ Important plant families:
∙ Daisy- biggest family
∙ Daisy is not a flower, it’s an inflorescence
∙ Grass family:
o Very important in terms of agriculture
o We get most of our calories here, whether we eat a grain or an animal fed with those grains
o Doesn’t have petals but still a flowering plant
∙ Bract : leaf like structures on a flower stalk
∙ Legume: very characteristic flower
o Large petal that sticks up in the air
o Some smaller petals
o 5 petals total
o Great source of protein
-square stem, opposite leaves
-Umbelli (flower stalk) ferae- old scientific name for parsley
-fruit produced: 2 fused half fruits
-alkaloid in this family called Solana
-eggplant, potato, tomato, capsicum, tobacco
-agriculturally usefulDon't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of formal social control?
-5 petals: fused together
Example 1 : Flower Fly
-2 wings for flying
Example 2 : Eg Canis Familiaris
FUNGI, ALGAE AND CYANOBACTERIA
These aren’t Plants
-Heterotrophic (like animals)
-require a food molecule
Fungal body-mycelium made of hyphae (long cellular cells) Fungi secretes digestive enzymes
Fungi have symbiotic relationship with many plants
Symbiosis: Fungi tap into root of plant Don't forget about the age old question of How do i start a farmers market in my community?
Plant is getting increased surface area through which it can take up water Yeast-can produce both sexually and asexually
Yeast: single celled
In the right conditions, yeast can rapidly multiply
Sexual reproduction: yeast produces spores in dry conditions Yeast can make enough ATP anaerobically to survive
-almost all are aquatic and photosynthesis
-plants didn’t evolve from green algae, but the ancestors of plants can be traced to this group We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of recombination frequency?
If you want to learn more check out Data allow a researcher to do what?
If you want to learn more check out What is the concept of contingency?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the most significant agent of socialization?
(Not part of Protista)
-it’s in the BACTERIA domain
-they pull nitrogen out of air/water and make it biologically active
-2 partners walking close together to mutually benefit each other
LICHENS- not a plant
-relationship between fungi and algae
-relationship between autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms -Fungi get fed out of this deal
-no roots, get nutrients from rain
-adapted to low nutrient levels
NOTE: Asexual reproduction is much faster than sexual reproduction but NO genetic diversity