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Quiz Study Guide

by: Ian Peck

Quiz Study Guide 13295

Marketplace > University of Pittsburgh > OTHER > 13295 > Quiz Study Guide
Ian Peck
GPA 3.9
Principles of Strength and Conditioning
Anne Hays

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About this Document

Its all the pertinent information together in one place, so you don't have to go look for it. Every fact has been turned into a question, so with a little review none of the question will feel new ...
Principles of Strength and Conditioning
Anne Hays
Study Guide
HPA 1233
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ian Peck on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 13295 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Anne Hays in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Principles of Strength and Conditioning in OTHER at University of Pittsburgh.


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Date Created: 09/13/15
HPA 1233 Principles of Strength and Conditioning Study Guide Bioenergetics 1 What is Bioenergetics The ow of energy in a biological system Concerned primarily With the conversion of macronutrients into biologically usable forms of energy 2 Where do our bodies get energy Food macronutrients glucose ATP 3 What is catabolism Process of breaking down larger molecules fats carbs and proteins into simpler forms glucose to make energy 4 What is anabolism Opposite process making larger molecules from smaller ones 5 What happens to the energy in the bonds of the food we eat It is converted into another type of chemical bond energy through exergonic and endergonic reactions 6 What is an Exergonic reaction The release of energy into the enVironment 7 What is an Endergonic reaction Energy is absorbed or stored 8 What is Metabolism 10 ll 12 13 14 15 Total of the catabolic or exergonic and anabolic or endergonic reactions in a biological system What elements is food made of Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen and Nitrogen Out of all the nutrients listed carbohydrates fats proteins vitamins minerals and water Which are used for energy Carbohydrates fats and proteins What is glucose Where does it come from Where is it stored Glucose is a chemical we use for energy It is made of carbon hydrogen and oxygen C6H1206 and comes from foods With carbs fats or proteins It is stored as glycogen in the liver and muscles When is fat used for energy What happens to it Fat is used for endurance activities and it must be converted into other forms to do so Fat gt Triglyceride gtglycerol gt free fatty acids gt ATP When is protein used for energy What happens to it It is not our preferred source of energy but When stores of glucose are low it Will be used to provide 510 of energy needs during prolonged periods Gluconeogenesis is the process of converting protein or fat into glucose What is Adenosine Triphosphate ATP the only fuel we can use It has high energy bonds that give us energy When broken How much ATP is stored and how long is it good for 80100 grams are stored but it is only up to 10 seconds of explosive energy It must be replenished at a constant rate 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 What happens when a phosphate is removed from ATP ADP is created through hydrolysis ATP H20 What are the three ways to turn ADP back into ATP Creatine Kinase ReactionAdeny1ate Kinase Reaction Glycolytic system Oxidative system What happens with the Creatine Kinase reaction to create ATP A phosphate is removed from PCr Phosphocreatine which creates energy from breaking the bond and more ATP This does not require oxygen and provides explosive energy for less than 10 seconds What is it called to put the phosphate back on the ADP Where does the energy come from to do it Phosphorylation is the process and cellular oxidation gives us the energy to do Is more creatine better Studies have shown the following taking gt20gd of creatine monohydrate for 5days increases muscle stores of PCr improvement in short term anaerobic activity water retention development of lean muscle and strength no major health risks with use up to 8 weeks What happens with the Adenylate Kinase reaction Two ADP create one ATP and one AMP How does the Glycolytic system create ATP Carbohydrates or stored glycogen are resynthesized into ATP Net gain of 2 ATP per molecule of glucose What are the two fates of Pyruvate If oxygen is present it is used by the oxidative system If not anaerobic glycolysis Lactate is produced when pyruvate is without oxygen 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 What is anaerobic glycolysis Pyruvate bonds With excess hydrogen to form lactic acid Produces ATP rapidly but not efficiently Important pathway for ATP production during intense exercise for up to 90 seconds What happens to the lactic acid It Will either go through the Cori cycle goes to liver to become glucose dissociate into lactate Hydrogen and diffuse taking the Hydrogen With it or stay in the cell What does it mean if it stays in the cell We slow down fatigue is caused by acid pH of blood the exercise becomes aerobic NAD scavenges Hydrogen from lactic acid aerobic glycolysis What is important to note about the ATPPCr and Glycolytic systems They are only effective for 12 minutes and don t need oxygen What is the Oxidative system It is the most complex of the systems Mitochondria produce ATP at tremendous capacity What is the confusing distinction between Oxidation and Reduction Oxidation is the loss of an electron by a molecule atom or ion While Reduction is the gain of one How are carbohydrates oxidized Via the Krebs cycle glycolysis or electron transport chain How are fats oxidized Betaoxidation or Krebs cycle and electron transport chain 32 How are proteins oxidized Two ways through conversion of Amino acids I Removal of Nitrogen in the liver deamination I Nitrogen is transferred transamination 33 What is Oxygen Debt When the activity becomes aerobic 34 What is Oxygen Deficit Before the activity becomes aerobic 35 What is Oxygen uptake The oxygen absorbed 36 What is EPOC Excess postexercise oxygen consumption oxygen consumed to erase the deficit Helps oxidize lactic acid back into pyruvic acid


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