Test 4 Vocabulary
Test 4 Vocabulary PSY 320
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alicia Rinaldi on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 320 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Marc Gellman in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Drugs & Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Test 4 Vocab animism the belief that objects attain certain characteristics because of spirits shaman a person having access to and in uence in the world of spirits especially among certain tribal societies aka 39medicine man phantastica drugs that create a world of fantasy psychedeHc quotmind viewingquot psychotomime tic mimicking psychosis indole a particular chemical structure found in serotonin and LSD synesthesia the blending of different senses such as seeing sounds chlorpromazin e an older drug once used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders Also known as a major tranquilizer psilocybin the active chemical in Psilocybe mushrooms acute abrupt or immediate onset of effects peyote a type of hallucinogenic cactus mescaline the active chemical in the peyote cactus PCP phencyclidine originally developed as an anesthetic has hallucinogenic properties angel dust the street name for PCP sprinkled on plant material Cannabis the genus of plant known as marijuana THC delta9tetrahydrocannabinol the most active chemical in marijuana hashish concentrated resin from the Cannabis plant sinsemilla quotwithout seedsquot a method of growing more potent marijuana anandamide a chemical isolated from brain tissue that has marijuanalike properties antiemetic a drug used to reduce nausea and vomiting dronabinol the generic name for prescription THC in oil in a gelatin capsule Marinol the brand name for dronabinol ergogenic producing work or energy a general term for performance enhancement anabolic promoting constructive metabolism building tissue androgenic masculinizing human growth a pituitary hormone responsible for some types of hormone giantism values teaching students to recognize and express their own clari cation feelings and beliefs alternatives alternative nondrug activities such as relaxation or dancing social a prevention model adopted from successful smoking in uence programs model DARE drug abuse resistance education the most popular prevention program in schools abstinence no alcohol or drug use at all controlled use the idea that substance abusers may be able to use substances under control alcoholics a worldwide org of selfhelp groups based on alcohol anonymous abusers helping each other achieve and maintain sobriety stages of a model for decisionmaking consisting of change precontemplation contemplation preparation action and maintenance Anhedonia lack of emotional response especially an inability to experience joy or pleasure offlabel use of prescription drugs to treat a condition for which the drug has not received US FDA approval Test 4 Vocab from Lecture hallucinogens a large class of psychedelic drugs that produce perceptual distortions as their main pharmacological effects classic phantastica type of hallucinogen alters perceptions while allowing the user to remain in communication with the present world deliriants hallucinogen produce more mental confusion greater clouding of consciousness and a loss of touch with reality like a blackout mixed substances that exhibit both psychostimulant and stimulant perceptual changes as their primary pharmacological psychedelic effects and some enhance empathy empathogenic dissociative sedative pain relieving drugs that produce anesthetic disconnections from the body along with depressant and stimulant effects phantastica drugs that create a world of fantasy in our minds indole hallucinogens group of phantastica drugs that have the indole structure also found in the neurotransmitter serotonin catechol hallucinogen group of phantastica drugs that have the catechol nucleus that forms the basic structure of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine psychedeHc mindviewing a term that controversially implies a bene cial visionary type of effect discovered during studies on schizophrenia and alcoholism psychotomime tic mimicking psychosis by producing hallucinations and some altered sense of reality produce a state that could be described as psychotic empathogenic produces experiences of emotional communion oneness relatedness emotional openness in short empathy entheogen produces a godly inspiration within an individual creates a spiritualreligious experience haHudnogen ashbacks recurrence of symptoms weeks or months Sggggtri gn after an individual has taken LSD rare variable and disorder unpredictable mescaline the primary active agent in peyote visual effects cannabis 18 ft grown worldwide as a weed for its bers to make sativa rope cannabis 3ft grown in India for psychoactive resins indica cannabis grown in Russia low potency least common ruderalis sinsemilla cross of sativa and indica highest THC content female parts resin primary agent in THC mostly in owering tops hashish pure resin removed from surface not common in US cannabinol forms when THC is oxidized weaker amp less potent than CBN THC cannabidol most abundant anticonvulsant amp sedating may CBD lessen THC anandamide endogenous cannabinoid neurotransmitter isolated from brain tissue with marijuanalike effects ergogenic energyproducing a general term for performance enhancement cortisone manmade drugs to resemble natural hormone cortisol androgenic masculinizing effects anabolic tissue building cut a lean strong sculpted body rippedshredd a more extreme version of looking cut ed values teaches students to recognize and express their own clari cation feelings and beliefs drug addiction a chronic relapsing disorder in which compulsive drugseeking and drugtaking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences psychological craving an intense desire to reexperience the effects dependence of a psychoactive substance craving is the cause of relapse after long periods of abstinence physiological an outdated term that refers to physical tolerance and dependence the withdrawal syndrome priming a new exposure to a formerly abused substance that can precipitate rapid resumption of abuse at previous levels relapse a resumption of drugseeking or drugtaking behavior after a period of abstinence reward a stimulus that the brain interprets as intrinsically positive or as something to be attained sensitization the increase in the expected effect of a drug after repeated administration substance characterized by recurrent and clinically signi cant abuse adverse consequences related to the repeated use of substances substance a cluster of cognitive behavioral and physiological dependence symptoms indicating that a person is continuing to use a substance despite having clinically signi cant substance related problems agonistsubstit ution therapy used to induce crosstolerance to the abused drug ex methadone antagonist used to prevent the user from experiencing the therapy reinforcing effects of the abused drug punishment used to produce an aversive reaction following therapy ingestion of the absorbed drug environmental focuses on changing community conditions or policies prevention so that the availability of substances is reduced as well as the demand substance a process that may focus on an individual or abuse surroundings and that attempts to prevent the onset prevention of substance use or limit the development of problems associated with using drugs
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