Exam 1 Review with Questions
Exam 1 Review with Questions SPAU 3301
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Calder on Monday September 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SPAU 3301 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by DIane Garst in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 269 views. For similar materials see Communication Disorders in Language at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 09/14/15
P P FPquot 10 11 The sender is called the Exam 1 Review Communication Disorders The exchange of an idea between a sender and a receiver is and the receiver is called the What are the three parts of communication The creation of a message is called The translation of a message is called One model for communication is the and it was created in 1945 This involves three parts gt gt One model for communication includes feedback and it was created in 1954 Feedback from message to encoder is used to Feedback from decoder to encoder is used to What are the two forms of communication Nonverbal forms name examples or the de nition for the following Paralanguage Sign language Bodylanguage Tactile communication Proxemics Appearance What are the four cultural variations of communication The speech chain consists of the speaker and the listener and goes as follows gt gt gt gt word bank acoustic 1 physiological 2 linguistic 2 gt gt gt word bank ear anatomy speech anatomy brain 2 note after speech anatomy the chain can go back to ear anatomy and then the brain 12 A diagnosed condition where the person is unable to say correctly what is intended andor unable to understand what is intended is a 13 Communication disorders are classi ed by and 14 Developmental means Give an example 15 Acquired means Give an example 16 Organic means Give an example 17 Functional means Give an example 18 Idiopathic means Give an example 19 The main professions we are studying are SLP and Audiology The similarity is human communication What are the differences SLP has 3 more and audiology has 2 more 20 The structure of organisms and the relations of their parts is 21 The functions of living organisms and their parts is 22 What are the three anatomical systems of speech production 23 The system that gives energy is the system 24 The two major functions of the respiratory system are and 25 Name as many parts of the respiratory system that you know 26 What is the name of the muscle that lines the inside of the ribs to allow the lungs to expand which causes the ribs to move outward 27 What does one resting respiratory cycle consist of 28 Name the 4 step process of inhalation 29 What is the difference between active and passive processes in respiration 30 Is inhalation active or passive 31 Is exhalation active or passive 32 Name the process of exhalation 33 Quiet breathing is inhalation and exhalation and is activepassive 34 Singing or speech breathing is inhalation and exhalation and is activepassive 35 The two major functions of the laryngeal system are and 36 The epiglottis is used for 37 The hyoid bone is a point and free oating 38 The thyroid cartilage is also known as the in men It is structural and either or shaped 39 The cricoid cartilage is shaped in a and is structural 40 The arytenoid cartilages are a pair and shaped like a on top of the cartilage It moves the 41 There are two vocal folds that are attached to the cartilage 42 The glottis is a space between the 43 Abducted vocal folds are openclosed 44 Adducted vocal folds are openclosed 45 vocal folds are closed when talking 46 The process of phonation has several steps Fill in the blanks Vocal folds adductabduct The pressure increasesdecreases Pressure forces slightly apart in a wavelike motion A puff of air escapes and creates Elasticity and air ow pulls vocal folds back to fully touching position travels up vocal tract 47 Energy changes from aerodynamic energy to energy 48 Exhaled air from lungs changes to bursts of energy 49 What is the name to describe the rate of vocal fold vibrations 50 Kids have a voice pitch and vocal folds 51 Men have a voice pitch and vocal folds 52 Voice pitch is measured in 53 The articulatory system is also called the system 54 Name the two functions of the articulatory system 55 The system is a series of cavities muscles bones and teeth 56 Three of the cavities of this system are 57 The articulators are movable xed or both Choose one 58 be sure to study the diagram of the peripheral auditory system 59 The of in the cochlea has a basilar membrane 60 The basal end is interiorexterior and the apical end is interiorexterior 61 The basal end has highlow frequency and the apical end has highlow frequency 62 What are the two subsystems of the hearing anatomy 63 The auditory system includes the outer middle and inner ear 64 The PAS is called the 65 The CAS is called the 66 Energy changes in hearing gt gt 67 is the process with biological cells converting one signalstimulus to another 68 The CAS transmits info about sound to the 69 CAS nerves brain 70 The CAS is an pathway from the PAS to the brain 71 There are cochlear nucleus They get the info and share it up to the brainstem s nuclei It ends at the brain It hits the cortex in the lobe of the brain 72 Describe the research on the ossicular chain replacement 73 Describe the research on hair regeneration in the cochlea 74 What did Alfonso Corti discover 75 What did B Eustachi discover 76 is an expression of human communication 77 allows info to be experimented shared and explained 78 provides the foundation to acquire knowledge including communication problem solving and synthesizing info 79 Language development involves and which are receptive and expressive 80 Know the gist of Oliver Sacks reading of Pitch Imperfect 81 The model Bloom amp Lahey 19705 describes 3 parts What are they 82 includes phonology morphology and syntax 83 is the sounds of language and rules for combining them 84 are vowels and consonants 85 is the smallest unit of language 86 A can be free or bound 87 Describe what free and bound morphemes are 88 is the structure of sentences and rules of organizing words in a sentence 89 is using semantics This is the meanings of words and word combinations 90 What is denotative meaning 91 What is connotative meaning 92 Idioms and proverbs are examples of 93 is pragmatics 94 are how a language is used in context Ex greeting departure interruption 95 Free or bound Book read cat 96 Free or bound er 5 ing 97 is the period before a human begins talking Ex crying cooing babbling 98 Gaze coupling begins around what age 99 What is gaze coupling 100 Babbling can be andor 101 quotBababababaquot is an example of This occurs around what age 102 quotBagabatadaquot is an example of This occurs around what age 103 What is infant directed motherese 104 What is intentionality About what age does this begin 105 Toddler language occurs at approximately what age 106 Toddler language uses representation symbolization single words intentions and fast mapping 107 What are some examples of intentions in toddler language 108 In toddler vocabulary understanding is greater than less than expression 109 What is fast mapping 110 For toddlers words increase from approx 50 to words 111 Preschool language is approximately what age 112 At age 3 preschoolers know about words 113 At age 5 preschoolers know about words 114 At the age there is an increasing length of utterance and grammatical morphemes 115 At the preschool age they still understand more words than they 116 At the preschool age primary conversations are with 117 letterlike forms are at age 118 Letters and symbols occur around what age 119 In 1973 Brown s 14 grammatical morphemes was published It described orderly development across the rst years of life He used simple and complex morphemes The age corresponds to the child s MLU 120 What is MLU 121 Brown s stage one approx MLU 122 Brown s stage two approx MLU 123 Brown s stage three approx MLU 124 Brown s stage four approx MLU 125 Brown s stage ve approx MLU 126 What age is school age development 127 School age development shows growth in all aspects Vocabulary semantics social development pragmatics conversations with others 128 In school age language development emphasis shifts from spoken to language 129 Reading and writing growth occurs around what grade of school 130 What are metalinguistic skills 131 What is the main idea of adult language growth 132 Child language disorders are mostly acquireddevelopmental 133 of all children are affected by a language disorder 134 A child language disorder is an impairment or deviant development of comprehension andor spoken written andor other symbol system 135 A disorder can be mild or severe 136 What is the difference between a language delay and a language deviance 137 What is a language difference 138 What are the four main types of language disorders that we ve studied 139 What is SLI Describe this disorder Is it a known or unknown cause Are there more males or females affected Is it a delay or deviance 140 What is ll Describe this disorder 141 What is autism spectrum disorder Describe it Is it a delay or deviance Are there more males or females affected 142 What is echolalia 143 What describes a late talker Is it a delay or deviance 144 What is the purpose of assessing a child for a language disorder 145 Children are referred to SLPs by who 146 Assessment is also to determine if a problem exists the nature and of the problem and the to be taken to help the child 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 What are the 6 components of an assessment What does the written diagnostic report typically consist of What is in the case history What is the purpose of the hearing evaluation What is the difference between formal and informal testing Another name for formal testing is testing Is a NormReference test formal or informal Describe the test Is a CriterionReference test formal or informal Describe the test What is language sampling What is MLU and how do you calculate it What is a diagnostic statement What are two assessment issues What does bilingualism mean What is L1 and L2
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