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FCNS 208 Study Guide For Exam 2

by: Nicholas Petrusevski

FCNS 208 Study Guide For Exam 2 FCNS 280

Marketplace > Northern Illinois University > Health Sciences > FCNS 280 > FCNS 208 Study Guide For Exam 2
Nicholas Petrusevski
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

This study guide covers everything that will be on the exam.
MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society
J. Elizabeth Miller PhD
Study Guide
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicholas Petrusevski on Monday March 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FCNS 280 at Northern Illinois University taught by J. Elizabeth Miller PhD in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 109 views. For similar materials see MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society in Health Sciences at Northern Illinois University.


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Date Created: 03/07/16
Monday, March 7, 2016 Study Guide: Exam 2 (Freud)
 -symbolic relationship between mother and young (behave as their one) -infant did not understand herself to be separate from her mother -nursing period followed by a balanced weaning process
 -believed that responding to infant’s needs was very important -proposed that the first 2 years comprise a period during which the infant learns to trust the world around him or becomes cynical about the social environment -trust vs. mistrust stage *monkey’s always chose the soft, warm mother over the wired one (Attachment Theory) -infants are predisposed to form emotional bonds with caregivers and those bonds shape later social and personality development (Synchrony)
 -baby cries mother responds by holding or comforting -like conversation *mothers release oxytocin 1 Tuesday, February 23, 2016 *fathers release vasopressin 1 Monday, March 7, 2016 *-Bowlby and other ethnologists that there four phases of attachment Phase 1: non focused or orienting and signaling -birth to 3 months -babies produce signals like crying, smiling, and eye contact that draw attention and signal their needs Phase 2: Focus on one or more figures -3-6 months -babies direct their come here signal to fewer people, usually who they spend the most time with Phase 4: Internal model
 -24 months and beyond
 -imagine how anticipated action might affect relationship with caregiver -has affect on later relationships
 Phase 3: secure base behavior
 -6-24 months
 -attachment emerges, babies show "proximity seeking" behaviors *Ainsworth- category system strange situation 2 2 Monday, March 7, 2016 *-secure attachment is most common (Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess) -easy children (40%)
 -Difficult children (10%) -Slow to warm (10%)
 (Subjective Self)
 -child has to figure that he is separate from others -Freud: children first must develop bodily functions -Erikson: children's growth cognitive
 (Person Perception)
 -children applying categories to people -Kohlberg- cognitive developmental theory
 -gender schema theory: use a schema for each gender process information about themselves and others
 -child develops complex view about opp. gender between ages 8 and 10
 -hormones play a HUGE role in gender development
 -boys are most likely to show restrictive style (derail)
 -Tom boys more accpted for girls than other behavior by boy
 -style of parenting that is low nuturance and communication, but high in control and maturity demands
 -parent responds to a child's refusal to go to bed by asserting physical, social, and emotional control over the child
 3 Monday, March 7, 2016 -a lot of negative effects
 (Permissive Parenting)
 -high in nurturance and low in maturity demands, control, and communication -parents that respond to child's refusal to go to bed by allowing the child to go to bed whenever she wants to
 -parenting that is high in nurturance, maturity demands, control, and communication -parents respond to undesirable behaviors such as a child's refusal to go to bed firmly sticking to their demands without resorting to asserting their power over the child
 -most positive
 Uninvolved -don't set bedtimes for their children or tell them to go to bed
 -negative effects
 -AsianAmericans useAuthoritative parenting...better cognitive
 -remember, authoritarian and neglecting parenting is linked to poor outcomes -associative play: toddlers pursue their own activities -Instrumental: object -Hostile: hurt another person - -children grow 2-3 inches - -muscle coordination improves 4 Monday, March 7, 2016 - -fine-motor coordination improvements - -girls have more body fat, less muscle - -girls smarter…. - -1st growth in brain 6-8 improves muscle coordination and growth -Selective attention: focus cognitive activity on the elements of a problem or situation EX: professor changes exam paper color, selective attention tells us to ignore it -spatial perception: ability to act on relationships between objects in space EX: when you imagine how a room would look with a different arrangement -spatial cognition: ability to infer rules from and make predictions about the movement of objects in space EX: driving in two lanes and you make judgement about whether you have enough room to pass the car -injuries due to falls are common in 5 to 9-year-olds -6-12 year olds more head, asthma, and weight gains -10 to 14-year-olds more bicycle injuries -Asthma is most frequent cause of school absence for 6 to 12-year-olds -Concrete operational stage: Piaget’s third stage of cognitive development, during which children contrast schemes that allow them to think logically about objects and events in the world -Decentration: remember, clay example 5 Monday, March 7, 2016 -reversibility: ability to mentally undo some kind of physical or mental transformation -inductive reasoning: general principles are inferred from specific experiences EX: “when a toy is added to a set of toys, it has one more than it did” -Deductive logic: based on hypothetical premises EX: how a fifth grader responds to the question “what would you do if you were the president? -class inclusion: understanding that subordinate classes are included in large superordinate classes -IQ and achievement test may ignore key things -boys are better than girls at math, girls are better than boys at verbal tasks -Piaget: not all children do not master all of the concrete operational tasks at same time -Siegler: operations he observed may actually be rules for solving specific types of problems (Psychoanalytic Theories) -Freud said libido is dormant between ages 6 and 12 (latency stage) -Erikson 6-12 year olds acquire sense of industry by achieving education goals determined by their cultures -Bandura’s reciprocal determinism argue that traits and emotional aspects that were emphasized by psychoanalytic theories represent one of the three factors that shape a personality: environment person factors, behavioral factors -self esteem is more stable in girls than boys 6 Monday, March 7, 2016 -Piaget claimed that moral reasoning develops in stages that are connected with his cognitive developmental stages EX: children in moral realism stage believe that authority figures establish rules that must be followed, under threat of punishment -Robert Selman was one of the first to study children’s understanding of friendships -physical aggression highest in boys -relational aggression: poses damage to relationships….most popular in girls -retaliatory aggression: aggression to get back at someone who has hirt you, increases in boys and girls during ages 6-12 year old period -rejected children are characterized by high aggression, bullying, low levels of agreeableness and helpfulness -children in low income family are at a disadvantage -go through cognitive development more slowly -watching violence on TV and playing violent video games increase the level of personal aggression or violence shown by a child 7


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